Native of Europe (including Britain), northwest Africa, Asia Minor, the Caucasus, and parts of Central Asia. Cymes 2 to 3 in. Some susceptibility to bacterial leaf spot, stem blight and powdery mildew. cv. ‘Roseum’ has been known in European gardens since the 16th century and was usually called ‘Sambucus rosea’ or Rose Elder, probably from a fancied resemblance of the florets to single roses. Viburnum crown borer can cause stem dieback. Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' Add To My Wish List . A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. Add to Likebox ... #100358597 - Summer table setting with white Viburnum opulus Roseum flowers.. Sporadic fall color of yellow to red-purple. No serious insect or disease problems. o. pauciflorum Raf.V. – This is the American race of V. opulus, differing from it in minor characters such as the more glabrous undersides of the leaves, the shallower, broader channel of the petiole, and the smaller, convex or club-shaped petiolar glands. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' (syn. Similar Images . The disease typically appears in the summer and reaches its peak in late summer. Creamy-white sterile flowers in dense rounded clusters to 6cm in width. This appears to have been a rather weak-growing plant; it received an Award of Merit, however. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. ‘Aureum’. Commonly called snowball bush, Viburnum opulus "Roseum" is a deciduous shrub cultivar prized for its round, white flower clusters and spreading growth habit. A member of the honeysuckle family, the viburnum genus (Viburnum spp.) The smooth gray bark and gold branches add an interesting dimension to the landscape. The most prevalent diseases affecting viburnums are fungal diseases of the foliage. Flowers acquire light rose flushing as they fade, hence the cultivar name of ‘Roseum’. V. sargentii. Dull, grayish green, 2- to 312 inches-long leaves are downy beneath; turn reddish purple in autumn. To contact the editors: email@example.com. ; V. pauciflorum (Raf.) Many other species, no doubt, have fruits as beautiful, but they do not set them in our gardens with the certainty of this. This plant has escaped gardens and naturalized in parts of the northeastern and Midwestern U.S. north into Canada.Genus name comes from the Latin name of a species plant.It should be noted that highbush cranberry is a common name often used to describe three different viburnums (elderberry family) that produce cranberry-like fruit: (1) V. opulus described here, (2) V. opulus var. My absolute favourite foliage plant for late spring, early summer picking. Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' ('Sterile') Snowball tree. In ‘Onondaga’ the young leaves are coloured deep bronze and retain a tinge of that colour when older. 251). Leaves three- (sometimes four- or five-) lobed, maple-like, 2 to 4 in. The up to eight centimeter big flowers especially stand out from May to June. long, with two thin … You can easily satisfy your desires because seven different viburnum shrubs go by the name snowball bush. across. From early May, this is covered in bright acid-green fluffy footballs and … The large serrated lobed leaves turn an outstanding deep purple in the fall. The leaves are maple-tree shaped and have reddish-orange fall color. It is known in N. America as ‘cranberry’; the fruits are pleasanter to the taste than those of its Old World ally and are used to make jam. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends … Powdery mildew of viburnum primarily affects young leaves and shoots. Its leaves color wine-red to dark-red during fall. Foliage turns a sometimes attractive purplish red in fall. No fruit. americanum Ait. It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15’ tall. Drink 2 to 3 times a day. Viburnum Opulus ( Udvesta Chala in India ) is Antispasmodic in nature. Long-lasting, waxy, sweetly perfumed spring flowers in dense, 4- to 5 inches clusters. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Watch for aphids. Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. cv. americanum. It features lacecap-type white flowers in spring in flat-topped 3” wide cymes of tiny fertile florets surrounded by larger sterile florets, drooping clusters of cranberry-like red berries (drupes) in fall and three lobed, maple-like, dark green leaves. Snowball Viburnum in bloom. My Evergreen Viburnum Leaves Are Dying. The viburnum leaf beetle (VLB), Pyrrhalta viburni, is an invasive insect that feeds exclusively on and can significantly damage Viburnum species.VLB is native to Europe and was detected in … The fruits are used for making jam. long, with two thin linear stipules at the base and large, concave glands near the leaf-blade. Boil 2 tablespoons of dried powder in a cup of water for l0-l5 minutes. Especially in thighs. Woodland margins. European snowball bush, also known as Viburnum opulus 'Roseum', is probably one of the most common ones. Viburnums range in height from 2 feet to 30 feet. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and broad, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins; they are superficially similar to the leaves of some maples , most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. ‘Nanum’. Genus name comes from the Latin name of a species plant. Sugar-maple like leaves are a soft green, generally becoming orange-red in fall. This very ornamental viburnum was raised by Donald Egolf at the United States National Arboretum and is cultivated in the Hillier Arboretum near Romsey. Plants typically grow to 10-12’ tall with a rounded form. wide. Flower buds red. One was shown by Sir William Lawrence in 1932; it came from Aldenham, and was ‘Xanthocarpum’ as understood by Edwin Beckett (see his article under ‘Fructu-luteo’), in which the fruits are golden-yellow from the start. long, often as much or more wide, the base truncate, the lobes pointed, coarsely and irregularly toothed, dark green and glabrous above, more or less downy beneath; stalk 1 ⁄ 2 to 1 in. ; V. o. pauciflorum Raf. Here are a few differences. Snowball tree. Hedge or screen. There are about up to 200 species including sub-species of the snowball tree, of which it is the most common and known. Not to be confused with ‘Nanum’. It could be confused with V. acerifolium, but differs in its red fruits and in having winter-buds with a single pair of outer scales. It is now considered a variety (varietas, var.) The leaves of the European Snowball Cranberrybush Viburnum are three-lobed and relatively thin in texture like the mother species of Viburnum opulus. It is useful for treating Menstrual Cramps. The shrub can grow to 12 feet tall with a 12-15 foot spread and a dense rounded crown. Shrub borders or foundations. It can reach up to 4m high and can spread from 2–5m. Fruits tend to shrivel after frost. ‘Roseum’ is synonymous with and sometimes sold in commerce as V. opulus ‘Sterile’. This is in cultivation in Britain and received an Award of Merit in 1967. Very popular as well is the “roseum”. It has greyish, hairless stems. The berries (drupes) are technically edible, but are very bitter in taste and are not recommended for eating fresh off the shrub. As showy as Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' but has the bonus of fragrance. Asia, introduced to Europe through Prof. Sargent in 1892. – A curious dwarf form of tufted habit, growing 1 to 3 ft high. 'Roseum’ is a sterile cultivar (no fertile florets and no cranberry-like fruit) that produces 3” diameter pom-pom-like globular inflorescences (snowballs) of entirely sterile white flowers. ex Kew Hand-list; V. o. var. A deciduous shrub forming a thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 to 15 ft high; young wood glabrous, ribbed. Torr. across, with a border of sterile, showy white flowers, 3⁄4 in. – Although allied to V. opulus and with similar foliage, this differs in the absence of sterile flowers from the inflorescence. The true cranberry that is grown commercially for food (Vaccinium macrocarpon) is an unrelated member of the heath family. Deciduous shrub, 10-12 ft (3-3.7 m); dense mound, upright, spreading, arching branches. cv. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help, Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles. Recommended citation'Viburnum opulus' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/viburnum/viburnum-opulus/). cv. Similar Images . Free fruiting. Chron., Vol. Whilst in beauty of flower the Guelder rose is inferior to many viburnums, it is inferior to none in this country in its fruits, or in the rich hues of its decaying foliage. It rarely or never flowers. Cover the leaves thoroughly, both the tops and undersides. It is of wide distribution in Canada and the northern USA, as far west as British Columbia and Washington. V. edule (Michx.) At one time the American Cranberrybush Viburnum was knows as Viburnum trilobum. It is most common when the weather is wet. Species plants sometimes grow in wet or boggy soils in its native habitat. This is one of the most beautiful of hardy shrubs, but of course the fruiting beauty of the common Guelder rose is sacrificed. 88 (1930), p. 281. cv. It blossoms in early June. Bunch.. The common name of European snowball bush has been selected herein because ‘Roseum’ produces no cranberry-like fruit as suggested by the common name for the species (European cranberry bush). Powdery mildew affects many types of plants, from ornamentals to vegetables. Award of Merit 1962. The two varieties can easily be confused. & Gr. To 610 feet tall and wide. – Of lower and denser habit. V. opulus var. The twigs are stout, smooth, and hairless. Powder the dried Viburnum Opulus ( Udvesta Chala in India ). Miller called the wild form ‘Marsh Elder’ or ‘Guelder Rose with flat flowers’. long, often as much or more wide, the base truncate, the lobes pointed, coarsely and irregularly toothed, dark green and glabrous above, more or less downy beneath; stalk 1⁄2 to 1 in. This is the reason for the "roseum" moniker. How to Prune Viburnum Opulus Roseum. ‘Compactum’. opulus) and designated Viburnum opulus var. Growing conditions. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). It is of wide distribution in N. America, ranging across the continent in high latitudes, south in the mountains. It is characterized by fine white dusty growth on the upper surfaces of leaves. 2-4" long and nearly as wide glossy dark green leaves are three-lobed with pointed tips, rounded base, serrated margins and a somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. Downy mildew causes leaves to develop splotched areas which die and shrivel in spring. Viburnum opulus L. Guelder Rose. Cut stems arranged in a large crystal vase, make wonderful indoor flower arrangements. Viburnum Opulus Roseum the common snowball shrub requires moist and moderately alkaline loamy soil to grow and bloom. pauciflorum (Raf.) of Viburnum opulus, the European Cranberry Viburnum (syn. Each generation of gardeners selects its own palate of plants considered indispensable for garden making. Viburnum opulus 'Sterile' and 'Sterilis') - Three-inch May / June pom poms emerge granny apple smith green, develop white but often gradually turn light pink as inflorescence age. var. SynonymsV. European snowball grows to height of more than 10 feet with a similar width. 3. In May it produces large clusters of sterile green flowers that mature to white and then pink. Snowball bush (Viburnum opulus) Commonly known as the Guelder rose, or snowball bush, this variety, as the name suggests, produces large, round clusters of white flowers. Prized by florists, Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' (European Cranberrybush) is a large, bushy deciduous shrub of rounded habit, adorned with a profusion of large rounded clusters, 3 in. Prefers loams with consistent moisture, but tolerates a wide range of soils. Look out for: the three-lobed leaves which have leaf stems with a channel running down the centre and a pair of round glands near the apex of the leaf. Guelder rose is a spreading, deciduous, upright shrub. luteum Bean). cv. – which comes partly true when raised from seeds (see D. Wyman, Shrubs and Vines (1969), p. 494). – In this form all the flowers are of the sterile kind, and the cyme in consequence becomes transferred into a globose head of white, closely packed blossoms, 2 to 21⁄2 in. The plant that received a First Class Certificate when shown by the Crown Estate Commissioners, Windsor, in 1966, had fruits starting apricot yellow and becoming translucent saffron-yellow (Journ. Viburnum opulus var. Authors: PJ Liesch, UW Insect Diagnostic Lab Last Revised: 04/04/2019 X-number: XHT1260. It is a coarser growing shrub with often larger leaves, a corky bark, and smaller fruits. Leaves three- (sometimes four- or five-) lobed, maple-like, 2 to 4 in. – A vigorous bush to about 12 ft high, with larger fruits than usual and fine autumn colour. opulus var. Torr. The name ‘Guelder Rose’, now used for the species as a whole, originally belonged exclusively to this double form and suggests that it originated in the region of the Netherlands known as Gelderland. Snowball viburnum is a study in white when the blooms appear in mid spring. This needs some shade. In late spring flower buds burst open to form showy white balls of petals that may attain a width of up to 3” across. V. sargentii Koehne – An ally of V. opulus in N.E. 2. Fungal leaf spots are caused by a different f… This plant has escaped gardens and naturalized in parts of the northeastern and Midwestern U.S. north into Canada. in diameter, the centre composed of small fertile flowers; anthers yellow. wide. ‘Xanthocarpum’. Affected plant tissues develop a powdery white to light gray growth of fungal mycelia. Holes eaten in the leaves of viburnums, with the larger leaf veins remaining, giving the foliage a lace like appearance Creamy yellow larvae, with black markings and up to 8mm long, are present on plants from April to June Greyish brown adult beetles, 4.5-6mm long, feed … Its leaves are 3⁄4 to 11⁄2 in. Prune as needed immediately after flowering. Foliage turns a sometimes attractive purplish red in fall. – Plants under the name V. opulus xanthocarpum were distributed by Späth’s nursery, Berlin, from 1910 onward, and were described as having golden-yellow fruits. – This is not confined to north-east Asia (see page 709); it also occurs as far south as north-west Hupeh. It is not so useful and well-doing a shrub as V. opulus in Britain, starting earlier into growth, and being subject to injury by spring frosts. R.H.S., Vol. The Viburnum lantanais a summer-green shrub with umbrella-shaped flowers. For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. cv. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa.It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15’ tall. They make good cut flowers and no fruits are produced. 'Sterile'. Treating Viburnum Leaf Curl Both aphids and thrips are relatively easy to control with insecticidal soap or horticultural oil, but control usually requires repeat treatment every week or so. There are currently no active references in this article. Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub growing to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall. Leaves opposite, 5-10 cm long, as wide or wider, pointed lobes (maple-like), glossy dark green in summer, may turn reddish in fall, a few disk-like glands on grooved petiole. – Leaves bright yellow. #109095058 - viburnum opulus berries and leaves outdoor in autumn fall. Genus Viburnum can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs with opposite, simple or palmately lobed leaves and clusters of small, often fragrant white or pink flowers, followed by red, blue or black berries Details 'Roseum' is a large, bushy deciduous shrub with 3- to 5-lobed leaves turning reddish in autumn. Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' syn. These flowers are sterile. 1. Raf. A deciduous shrub forming a thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 to 15 ft high; young wood glabrous, ribbed. Other favorites include Japanese snowball bush, typically listed as Viburnum plicatum, and fragrant snowball bush (Viburnum carlcephalum). ‘Roseum’ (‘Sterile’). americanum and (3) V. edule. Noteworthy Characteristics. Its only fault is that black fly (bean aphis) also like it. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. Identified in winter by: green, hairless buds which have a pair of scales. There is a yellow-fruited form – f. flavum Rehd. In cultivation 1901 and probably much earlier (V. o. fructu-luteo Hort. & Gr. ‘Fructu-luteo’. Fruits bright red, globose, 1⁄3 in. From August, the blossoms will be exch… It forms a dense mound of arching, spreading limbs which bear glossy dark green maple-like trifoliate lobed leaves. It also has scarlet fruit in autumn. V. trilobum Marsh. – Fruits translucent yellow. Two plants have received awards in Britain under this name. The fungus is mostly found on the upper leaf surface, but also may be found on the lower leaf surface.
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