It is in flower in July. C'est une essence tropicale et subtropicale dont l'aire de distribution naturelle s'étend de l’Inde jusqu'à la côte Est de l'Australie en passant par les pays d'Asie du Sud-Est, le sud de le Chine, l'Indonésie, les Philippines et la Nouvelle-Guinée. ex Willd. Seedlings and young trees can be sprayed with herbicide while adult trees need to be cut just above ground level and an appropriate herbicide applied immediately to the cut stump to prevent resprouting. The tree has long compound leaves up to 90 cm with 10-14 pairs of leaflets. A large deciduous tree. var. australis (F.Muell.) eds. ; Cedrela velutinaDC. Existing plants must be prevented from spreading). Toona Toona ciliata Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Sapindales Family: Meliaceae Subfamily: Cedreloideae Genus: Toona M.Roem. Tropical Biology Association (2010). Tropical Asia, southern China, Himalayas to Australia. A large rainforest tree which was once common on the NSW north coast and southern Queensland coast, but was extensively logged for the prized timber which is good for cabinet making, as it is soft and easily worked with a beautiful red colour. Toona ciliata. pubescens in China heartwood, and beautiful wood grain, and it is known as Chinese mahogany. ; Cedrela toona Roxb. It is a prolific seed producers and establishes readily. Campus . Locations within which Toona ciliata is naturalised include southern and eastern Africa and many oceanic islands with warm climates. Type: Madras, India, W. Roxburgh in herb. Il pousse mieux en pleine lumière, mais il est moins susceptible d'attaques par ce lépidoptère lorsqu'il pousse plus à l'ombre de façon dispersée dans les forêts naturelles. We recognise the support from the National Museums of Kenya, Tropical Pesticides Research Institute (TPRI) - Tanzania and Makerere University, Uganda. Toona ciliata is an aggressive invader that has the potential to suppress the regeneration of native species. Monogr.1: 139. In Australia it is found on the east coast between southern Queensland and northern New South Wales. Toona ciliata M.Roem., 1846 References [ edit ] Familiarum Naturalium Regni Vegetabilis Synopses Monographicae seu Enumeratio Omnium Plantarum hucusque Detectarum Secundum Ordines Naturales, Genera et Sepcies Digestarum, Additas Diagnosibus, Synonymis, Novarumque vel Minus Cognitarum Descriptionibus Curante M. J. Roemer. Red Cedar was undoubtedly the most valuable of the timbers found in the coastal brush lands of New South Wales. The genus Toona is composed of only a few species, but phenotypic plasticity and genetic variation are responsible for much of the taxonomic complexity reflected in the literature. Toona sinensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a fast rate. Australian Red Cedar (Toona ciliata var. Toona ciliata. Botanical name: Toona ciliata Family: Meliaceae (Neem family) Toon is a large deciduous tree generally with a wide spreading and handsome crown attaining a height of 45 m and a stem diameter of 2 m. In cities may be of a much smaller stature. Toona ciliata syn australis (This plant is not on the Australian Noxious Weed List) A native of New South Wales and Queensland where it prefers heavy, moist soils in a … Toona sinensis, commonly known as Chinese Mahogany or the Chinese Cedar, is a deciduous tree found in woodland habitats. Toona ciliata is a fast growing decidious tree with large branches that create a spreading crown. Dans le sous-continent indien ce bois appelé tun connait de multiples usages, dont la fabrication d'instruments de musique comme le sitar. This activity was undertaken as part of the BioNET-EAFRINET UVIMA Project (Taxonomy for Development in East Africa). The seeds are small and winged. This fact sheet is adapted from The Environmental Weeds of Australia by Sheldon Navie and Steve Adkins, Centre for Biological Information Technology, University of Queensland. White; tree. An Toona ciliata in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga ginhulagway ni Max Joseph Roemer.An Toona ciliata in nahilalakip ha genus nga Toona, ngan familia nga Meliaceae. Agricultural Research Council. With a large buttressed base, the stem diameter can be as large as 2 metres. australis) is possibly Australia's most celebrated native timber. Willd. Toona ciliata – Red Cedar. When using any herbicide always read the label first and follow all instructions and safety requirements. Seedlings and saplings can be pulled out by hand. It grows rapidly, with a straight trunk, red . Does best is well drained fertile soils. The editors do not know of any biological control programmes targeted at this species. Waiakea. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Common name. Notes. Cet arbre mesure souvent entre 20 et 30 mètres de hauteur. Documented as early as 1802: Toona ciliata is a fast growing decidious tree with large branches that create a spreading crown. Leaves Leaflets 10–24, entire, lanceolate or lanceolate-elliptic, up to 15 × 5 cm., gradually tapering from near the base to the long, narrow, attenuate-acuminate apex; proximal lateral nerves on lower surface with minute deltate axillary pockets (domatia) with minute apical hairs. Toona ciliata reproduces by seed. En Amérique du Sud cet insecte est absent ce qui facilite la sylviculture de cette essence. long. Australian Red Cedar (Toona ciliata) Common Name(s): ... Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. | Home & Garden, Yard, Garden & Outdoor Living, Plants, Seeds & Bulbs | eBay! They need to be grown under the canopy of larger tree's. Average Dried Weight: 30 lbs/ft 3 (485 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.40, .49. Il sert en Occident à la fabrication de meubles haut de gamme et en construction naval. Cedrela toona, Cedrela velutina, Toona australis), Australian toon, Australian redcedar, Burma toon, Indian mahogany. Henderson L. (2001). Accessed July 2011. The inflorescence has masses of white flowers. Il s'est naturalisé hors de son aire comme en Afrique du Sud et au Zimbabwe. Toona ciliata - Red Cedar There is a moth that attcks the Red Cedar's new growth- which forses the tree to fork. Toona ciliata RED CEDAR TREE Seeds! Consistent follow-up work is required for sustainable management. The tree has long compound leaves up to 90 cm with 10-14 pairs of leaflets. Il produit un bois précieux, de couleur rouge, durable, facile à travailler, avec une odeur caractéristique rappelant le cèdre, comme chez beaucoup de Méliacées. It requires sun to grow, and does best in moist, but well-drained soil. Wood used for furniture, cabinetwork, construction, and paneling. Toona ciliata (syn. australis) The highly prized Australian Red Cedar (Toona ciliata var. The inflorescence has masses of white flowers. Not listed as a noxious weed by the state or governments in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Toona ciliata M.Roem. Some components of an integrated management approach are introduced below. Cedar produces a fine dust when sanded or cut. Commonly known as the red cedar, Toona ciliata is a large rainforest tree up to a height of 40–60 metres, which ranges from southern parts of Asia through New Guinea into Australia. This deciduous species forms a large tree, the trunk and branches have mottled scaly bark and pinnate leaves with up to 17 leaflets, oblique at the base. If prevention is no longer possible, it is best to treat the weed infestations when they are small to prevent them from establishing (early detection and rapid response). Description. C'est un bois proche de l'acajou et surtout très proche du bois de Cedrela odorata. It grows to between 10 m - 30 m in height. Mais dans les forêts primaires humides il peut atteindre 60 mètres de haut et 3 mètres de circonférence, comme dans le Queensland et en Nouvelle-Galles du Sud. Agnes Lusweti, National Museums of Kenya; Emily Wabuyele, National Museums of Kenya, Paul Ssegawa, Makerere University; John Mauremootoo, BioNET-INTERNATIONAL Secretariat - UK. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 30 août 2019 à 10:02. Toona ciliata is a forest tree in the mahogany family which grows throughout southern Asia from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia. A very large, fast growing, dry deciduous tree to 60 m tall, native to southern Asia and Australasia with a trunk to 3 m in diameter and pinnate foliage that is beautifully reddish bronze colored when leafing out. Inflorescences Inflorescence up to 35 cm. Genus Toona is a small genus of 4 to 5 species of trees, originating from China, SE Asia and N Australia Details 'Flamingo' is a selection of this deciduous species with bright salmon-pink spring foliage, paling to creamy-yellow then to rich green in summer. Mga kasarigan. Cape Town RSA. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Toona_ciliata&oldid=162226225, Taxobox utilisant une classification non précisée, Catégorie Commons avec lien local différent sur Wikidata, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. 4581 Genetics and Molecular Research 13 2: 45794590 2014 FUNPECRP www.funpecrp.com.br Genetic diversity of Toona ciliata var. Control is generally best applied to the least infested areas before dense infestations are tackled. Toona ciliata invades forest gaps, plantations, roadsides and riparian zones (banks of watercourses). Toon tree, toon tree, Indian mahogany, Australian cedar. Cairns, Townsville. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Botanical Name: Toona ciliata Availability: In Stock . The individual flowers are very small, white and tubular in shape. Uses: Tall majestic rainforest tree from Queensland and northern NSW. 1.0 1.1; 3.0 3.1; Mga sumpay ha gawas Maundu P and Tegnas B. The crown is typically spreading and … obs.). Native to Himalaya region of tropical Asia, northern Australia and Malaysia. Les grands arbres sont devenus rares dans les habitats naturels en Asie et en Australie, et la production de ce bois est donc aujourd'hui très limitée, bien qu'il y en ait encore dans les forêts vierges de Nouvelle Guinée. The precise management measures adopted for any plant invasion will depend upon factors such as the terrain, the cost and availability of labour, the severity of the infestation and the presence of other invasive species. 4828; holo: B-WILLD, iso: BM (6 Nov. 1799)? Each leaflet is between 4.5 - 16 cm long.The leaflets are narrow and taper towards the tip. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. Toona ciliata var. The white flowers are in panicles, strongly perfumed. It originates in East Asia and is specifically found in northern and western China. It is also drought tolerant. Controlling the weed before it seeds will reduce future problems. The species exhibit a phenomenal range of morphological variation, both within and between trees of the same population, and many of the features used by earlier authors to define their taxa have proved to be only … Family Meliaceae. Ginklasipika han IUCN an species komo diri gud kababarak-an. Toona ciliata var. australis) was often referred to as ‘Red Gold’ during the early pioneering years of Australia. The individual flowers are very small, white and tubular in shape. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Fide Mabberley. (a) Tree–ring chronology of Toona ciliata extending from 1824 to 2003C.E. C.DC. I feature Red Cedar in a chapter of my New Book: "Heartwood - The art and science of growing trees for conservation and profit" LINK. This large, semievergreen tree forms a loose, rounded canopy and casts light, dappled shade, suitable for maintaining a lawn beneath. Toona ciliata, parfois appelé cèdre rouge d'Australie ou acajou indien, est un arbre à feuillage caduc de la famille des Meliaceae originaire d'Asie et d'Océanie. Australian Red Cedar (called also Toon, Suren or Indian Mahogany), Toona ciliata  is a forest tree in the family Meliaceae which grows throughout southern Asia from Afganistan to Papua New Guinea and Australia. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER). Witt pers. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, Hawaii, USA. The timber is easy to work and very highly valued. EXOTIC! Il est aussi fréquemment planté comme arbre ornemental un peu partout dans le monde, comme dans le nord de l'Inde mais aussi à Hawaï. Will require extra water during dry periods. Flower colour; life form. Usambara Invasive Plants - Amani Nature Reserve - www.tropical-biology.org/research/dip/species.htm. The fruit is a capsule about 2 cm long, seeds are winged. It grows to between 10 m - 30 m in height. The fruits are green capsules, that tur… The rough bark is grey-brown and cracks into squares. Red cedar. It is a fast-growing and hardy species that resists attack by both pests and diseases. Roemer, M.J. (1846) Synops. Mahogany can reach 75 feet in height with a 50-foot-spread but is more often seen at 40 to 50 feet tall and wide. Red scented soft wood is used for a variety of building applications including veneers and panelling. In older texts, the genus was often incorpor pubescens is a deciduous, broad-leaved tree species belonging to the genus Toona in the family Meliaceae. Toona australis (Kuntze) Harms; Cedrela australis F.Muell. The heartwood is a rich red colour and very fragrant. Toona ciliata is invasive in parts of Kenya (Maundu and Tengnas 2005) Tanzania (Tropical Biology Association) and Kenya (A.B.R. Red Cedar. Toona ciliata is widely planted as a shade tree and for timber because it is fast-growing. The leaves … new red leaves of Toona ciliata (Photo: Peter Woodard, CC BY-NC), mature green leaves of Toona ciliata (Photo: Tony Rodd, CC BY-NC-SA), Toona ciliata fruits (Photo: Arthur Chapman, CC BY-NC-SA), cultivated Toona ciliata (Photo: Arthur Chapman, CC BY-NC-SA), Toona ciliata trees (Photo: John M. Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Bugwood.org), Toona ciliata foliage (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org), Toona ciliata trunk showing buttress root (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org), Toona ciliata sapling (Photo: Forest & Kim Starr, Starr Environmental, Bugwood.org). T. ciliata has been listed as a Category 3 invader in South Africa (no further planting is allowed - except with special permission - nor is trade in propagative material. Tree up to 25 m. tall. En Australie cependant les plantations se sont montrées peu productives à cause d'un lépidoptère ravageur local dont la larve se développe dans les branches, provoquant des malformations de l'arbre lors de sa croissance. Special areas: Wahiawa, Tantalus. Species See text Synonyms Surenus Kuntze Toona, commonly known as redcedar, toon or toona, is a genus in the mahogany family, Meliaceae, native from Afghanistan south to India, and east to North Korea, Papua New Guinea and eastern Australia. Toona ciliata (Chinese mahogany) is an important timber species and secondary protected plant due to excessive exploitation in China. (2005). Displays of white fragrant flowers in spring. The best form of invasive species management is prevention. Old bark peels off in long strips. Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants: a complete Guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Toona ciliata M.Roem., Meliaceae: plant threats to Pacific ecosystems. Australian red cedar (Toona ciliatavar. The rough bark is grey-brown and cracks into squares. T. ciliata is a tall, fast-growing, deciduous tree, typically reaching a height of around 20–30 m tall ( Wagner et al., 1999 ), and with stem diameters above buttresses of 3 m, but reaching up to 40 m high ( Hua and Edmonds, 2008 ). This makes them unsuitable to try and grow as a forestry tree for the purpose of harvesting the timber. Il a été introduit dans de nombreux pays du monde où il fait parfois l'objet d'une sylviculture en vue de produire du bois, comme en Afrique et en Amérique, notamment au Brésil où des plantations récentes existent dans de nombreuses régions. The fruits are green capsules, that turn brown with age and split open into star shape, to release seeds. Useful Trees and Shrubs for Kenya, World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi. Toona ciliata Australian redcedar This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. BioNET-EAFRINET Regional Coordinator: email@example.com, Introduced, naturalised or invasive in East Africa, www.tropical-biology.org/research/dip/species.htm. If in doubt consult an expert. The thick blue line represents the smoothing spline with a 50% frequency cut off of 10 years, (b) number of core samples used to develop tree–ring chronology and (d) Expressed Population Signal (EPS) and Rbar though time calculated for 50 years interval and with 25 years common period (Figure in color is … Toona ciliata, parfois appelé cèdre rouge d'Australie ou acajou indien, est un arbre à feuillage caduc de la famille des Meliaceae originaire d' Asie et d' Océanie. Each leaflet is between 4.5 - 16 cm long.The leaflets are narrow and taper towards the tip. www.hear.org/pier/species/ toona_ciliata.htm. australis High value native timber. Seeds for sale starting at € 4.90.
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