1. Yams of African species must be cooked before safely eaten because various nutritional toxin substance such as dioscorina can cause illness if consumed raw. For instance, Dioscorea bulbifera had higher carbohydrate content and total energy although it was the lower in moisture content. Vigorous a sexual, reproduction via bubils has facilitated the continued spread of invasive vine throughout most of the state (mantinez 1993) bubils can last a year or more on the ground and still sprout and spoil contact D. Bubifera have become rampart on undeveloped land around Tapa by 1996 the plant had been reported from natural areas in Florida countries (large land and Burk 1998). Picture 2 – Dioscorea Alata Image. NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA (AERIAL YAM) ABSTRACT Dioscorea bulbifera is a major stable food crop which is a species of yam widely distributed around the world in tropical and subtropical regions. They include the medicine cortisone used for treat of joint pains as in arthritis, allergic reaction like bee stings and rashes and general body inflation and several hormones including estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. Tubers and burbils generally sprout in the spring and the new short often climb the deed stems of the previous year to reach the tree canopy. They’re not potatoes. It is rich in sodium, saponin, and oxalate therefore to obtain the maximum nutritional one needs to make sure that it is prepared/used properly. Dioscorea bulbitera is one of the various species of yam. The stems can rapidly grow to 60 feet in length. Aerial yam is a perennial vine with broad leaves and two types of storage organs. Some of the medicinal uses of D. bulbifera are in traditional/Chinese medicine; D. bulbifera is used in the treatment of soar throat, gastric cancer and carcinoma of the reticulum (GAE et al 2007), Aoac, 1990 official method of analysis 15th ed. Dioscorea tubers have nutritional advantage over other root crops (Shajeela et al., 2011). New plants develop from bulbils an underground tuber. (key 1937), 1.2    SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION OF D. BULBIFERA (TAXONOMY), Binomial name Dioscorea bulbifera, Air potato, aerial yam (Duke, James et al 1993). Dioscorea bulbifera have been traditionally used to lower glycemic index, thus providing a more … The leaves are attractive, alternate, broady heart shaped up to 20cm long and attached by long petiole. These substance are toxic causing paralyses (Oke 1990). 2. Yam is the common name of some species in the genus dioscorea, they are perennial herbacocous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in African, Asia, Latin America etc. The fruit is a capsule and the seeds are partially winged (langland and Buks 1998, langeland 2001). The underground tubers of D. alata are also enormous, some weighing more than 45kg where as the D. bulbifera are small and may be absent all together. It is closely related to air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera). Dioscorea bulbifera L. (section Opsophyton), air yam Dioscorea pentaphylla L. (section Lasiophyton), fiveleaf yam Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. |, Information Seeking Behaviour of Students of ECWA Theological (Jets) Jos, The Impact Of Biology Education In A Selected Institution In Enugu State, Perspective Of Female Students On Sexual Harassment In Village Hostel University Of Jos, Comparative Analysis on Corporate Social Responsibility Laws: Perspectives From UK, European Union and Nigeria, Counterinsurgency In Northern Eastern Nigeria 2009 Till Date, Youths and Post-Military Democracy In Nigeria, DESIGN ANALYSIS OF CONSUMER PERCEPTION AND RESPONSE RATE TO LOCALLY MADE TEXTILE MATERIALS IN MAJOR BUSINESS DISTRICTS IN NIGERIA, THE ROLE OF MASS MEDIA TO THE GROWTH OF SMES IN BENIN CITY, ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT AND ITS IMPACT ON THE ECONOMY OF BAYELSA STATE, List of Agriculture Project Topics and Materials PDF, AGRICULTURAL BUSINESS & FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS AND PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, bulbitera is a yam species it is also know as varahi in Sanskrit, kaachi in malayalam, Dukkar kand in maraitu, Aldo in some part of Igbo land in Nigeria or Aerial yam the English name or Air potato. In this paper, four wild yam species: Dioscorea bulbifera, D. versicolor, D. deltoidea and D. triphylla, were studied. (key 1937), 1.2    SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION OF D. BULBIFERA (TAXONOMY), Binomial name Dioscorea bulbifera, Air potato, aerial yam (Duke, James et al 1993). These varieties contain the steroid, diosgenin which is a principal material used in the manufacture of a number of synthetic steroidal hormones such as those used in hormonal contraception (National Tropical Botanical Garden 2007). There are over 600 varieties of yam and 95% of it are grown in African (library congress 2011). Copyright © 2020 Edu Electronic Books NIG. It has a woody, tuberous rootstock and heart-shaped broad leaves. In many part of the world the tubers and bubils of D. bulbifera are used as food and the plant is cultivated as an agricultural crop, the plant has also, long being use as a flok medicine, including use of analgesic aphrodisiac, diuretic and rejuvenate tonic. The air potato is the most widely consumed yam species in 1960’s it can grow up to 150ft tall, it grows extremely quickly, roughly 8 inches per day and eventually reach over 60ft long. A laboratory genuine regime for viable non-dormant D. bulbifera seed indicate that germination occurs in approximate twenty one days at 300c (Elis et al 1985). ... Value Class Food Cover; Roasted, fried, boiled, etc. Tubers and burbils generally sprout in the spring and the new short often climb the deed stems of the previous year to reach the tree canopy. They also and be dispersed by flood H20 and appear to be little impacted by feeding from raccoons feral pigs and other animals (Coursey 1967 Morisawe 1999). The Air potato plant is a nature of Africa and Asia; it is an invasive species in many tropical including Florida (Duke et al 1993). (Oke, 1990). It also show the presence of some minerals like, Ca, Mg, K, P, and Na with some phytochemical analysis like saponin, tannin, flavoured and alkaloids. Uses, Health Benefits of Dioscorea Bulbifera & Medical Formulas: 3.1 Skin Health. Also the wild from of bitter hence are referred to as bitter yam. The air potato is the most widely consumed yam species in 1960’s it can grow up to 150ft tall, it grows extremely quickly, roughly 8 inches per day and eventually reach over 60ft long. 4. Its traditional usage is well-recog- Prevention is a key step in the management of air potato. Dioscorea bulbifera is a major stable food crop which is a species of yam widely distributed around the world in tropical and subtropical regions. The most common tubers that were feed on by the old was picked and worked on. They are prepared like other yams. NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA (AERIAL YAM), MICROBIOLOGICAL STUDY OF NTAMIRI ALONG UMUAGWO AXIS OF THE STREAM, Study on the Prevalence of Malaria Among Pregnant Women on Admission, Production and Characterization of Epoxy-Rice Husk Ash Composite. An evaluation on the kind o food people of old depend on was found out to be the secret in other to verify, and confirm. The Air potato was introduce to the Americans from African in 1905 it was introduced in Florida due to its ability to displace native species and disrupt natural processes such as fire and water flow air potato has been listed as one of the Florida’s most invasive plant spp since 1993 and was placed on the Florida Noxious weed list by the Florida Department of Agriculture and consumer since (1999), Avoid bad and damage yams, used only sound and healthy yam, Proper curing, if possible combined with fungicide treatment, Adequate ventilation to remove the heat generated by respiration of tubers, Regular inspection during storage and removal of volting tuber and any sprout that develop, Protecting from direct sunlight and remain (temp 14-15, It have been traditionally used to lower glycenic index, thus providing a more sustained form of energy and better protection against obesity and diabetics it also have anti-cancer prosperities (Jiang 1978), In Zembabwe this plant is used as an infusion to apply on cuts and stores, both for humans and animals while in Cameroon and Madegascar, the rounded bulbs are applied to abscesses, boils and wound infection (Corgu 2002), Its bulbs are used in India to treat piles, dysentery syphilis and are applied to ulcers, pain and inflammation (Gupta and Sigh, 1989). Thank you so much for your respect to the authors copyright. Dioscorea bulbifera is a major stable food crop which is a species of yam widely distributed around the world in tropical and subtropical regions. Dioscorea bulbifera is a species of yam, it is one of the early foods, it was extensively cultivated and used by the generation of individual as an house hold name, means of survival, medicine and food etc. of Pharmaceutical Sciences, H.N.B Garbwal (Acentral University), Smagar, Garhwal, uharakhand, India, Duke James A, Judith L. Ducellier (1993) Hand book of Alternate Cash Crops. The dry matter ranged from 19.8 to 30.5% on a fresh weight basis. We are here to answer your questions. Yams are primary agricultural, and commonly important in west Africa, where over 95% of worlds yam crop is harvested, they are important for survival, they serve as a means of lively hood for some people. Approximately Yam are usually detoxified in a vessel of salt and H20 in cold, hot, fresh or in stream. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of various levels of poultry manure application on the nutritional value and functional properties of Dioscorea bulbifera. Below are the methods you can observe for successful storage and yam (Linus 2003). The fruit is a capsule and the seeds are partially winged (langland and Buks 1998, langeland 2001). The underground tubers of D. alata are also enormous, some weighing more than 45kg where as the D. bulbifera are small and may be absent all together. There are over 600 varieties of yam and 95% of it are grown in African (library congress 2011). Excessive skin contact with yam fluids can cause the skin to itch. In the summer (June-July) a large numbers of new bubils are produced which fall to the ground in late August. Twitter. Dioscorea Alata elements prove beneficial for human urinary, respiratory and nervous systems. Surprisingly most people dose not know such yam exist, and it is rarely sold in market. Dioscorea bulbifera is a major stable food crop which is a species of yam widely distributed around the world in tropical and subtropical regions. These substance are toxic causing paralyses (Oke 1990). By the time seasonal stem die back begins around October a single vine may have out as many as 200 bubils (www.killerparts.com 2004), The water yam (D. alata) D. bulbifera are superficially similar in appearance but distinguishing the two is straight toward. An evaluation on the kind o food people of old depend on was found out to be the secret in other to verify, and confirm. The twining stems produce aerial axillary bulbils that are edible. Despite the name, they’re not related to … Reproduction in D. bulbifera can propagate through sexual and asexual means. D. alata and alternate in D. bulbifera. The bitter compound of the yam are H20 soluble alkaloids which on ingestion produced several and distressing symptoms. New plants develop from bulbils an underground tuber. It is a great source of Vitamin C which provides 27% of daily value to counteract infections such as flu and colds and speeds up healing process, immune function and strong bones. This study is to help you found at the nutritive content of the aerial yam being one of the food eaten by people of the old which is their secret for healthy living and to inspire many people to revisit most the crop being cultivated and harvested by people of old and more light should be thrown on them. Roasted, fried, boiled, etc. NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA (AERIAL YAM) ABSTRACT. Our primary objective is to assist and guide final year students with well researched and quality project topics, project works, research guides, and project materials, at a very reduced and affordable price. Dioscorea bulbifera is a species of yam, it is one of the early foods, it was extensively cultivated and used by the generation of individual as an house hold name, means of survival, medicine and food etc. They are divided longitudinally into lobes by proximate arching vieas all radiating out from a single point of origin where the petiole attached to the leaf flowers rarely occur in D. bulbifera where occurring, they are small pale green and fregnants arising from leaf axils. In Asia detoxication and roasting of the grated tuber are used for better cultivars of this yam. The Air potato plant is a nature of Africa and Asia; it is an invasive species in many tropical including Florida (Duke et al 1993). Covered with large leaves, it can quickly grow into the tops of tall trees. Seed of D. Bulbefera and other members of genus are believed to undergo an obligate dormancy period of several months before they germinate. Yams (Dioscorea) belong to Dioscoreaceae family. Dioscorea bulbifera have been traditionally used to lower glycemic index, thus providing a more … It is widely cultivated and has become naturalized in many regions (Latin America, the West … It also show the presence of some minerals like, Ca, Mg, K, P, and Na with some phytochemical analysis like saponin, tannin, flavoured and alkaloids. ABSTRACT. During its transformation of starch the dry malter of the tubes properly stored is consider to be the least perishable. Conspicuous aerial tubers called bulbils are pale round to globose in shape up to 13cm wide and are formed in leaf axils it is this bulbils that give D. bulbifera the common name air potato. Dioscorea bulbifera is a major stable food crop which is a species of yam widely distributed around the world in tropical and subtropical regions. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Disclaimer: … The chief of reproduction in D. bulbifera is asexual and is dependent on dedicative growth from under ground and above-ground bulbils.

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