The sordid history of the blasphemy law includes other attempts at establishing the strictest possible penalty (death) for non-Muslims by quoting sources meant only for Muslims. Historically, capital punishment has been used in almost every part of the world. Penalties for violating blasphemy laws in these countries can range from fines to imprisonment and death. Last execution when part of Ethiopia was 1989. There are at least 80 people in prison in Pakistan accused of blasphemy, with half facing life sentences or the death penalty, the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom found…. According to the latest International Humanist and Ethical Union's Freedom of Thought report, 13 countries currently have laws on the books carrying a penalty of death for blasphemy or apostasy. [4] Hanging, firing squad, shooting. The sordid history of the blasphemy law includes other attempts at establishing the strictest possible penalty (death) for non-Muslims by quoting sources meant only for Muslims. President. Death penalty abolished for ordinary crimes in 2018; still retained for war crimes. The death penalty in China", India Executues Four Men Convicted of Bus Gang Rape and Murder, "Indonesian and three Nigerians executed for drug crimes", "Execution of women in tandem, Iran Hangs Two Women", "Iran executions see 'unprecedented spike' - Amnesty", "Iran - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution", https://twitter.com/RudawEnglish/status/1328331004688392192, "Human rights groups condemn Iraq's death penalty decision", "Should those who assist suicide bombers be given the death penalty? Indonesia does not have a law specifically devoted to apostasy, but punishment for acts of blasphemy is prescribed in article 156(a) of the Penal Code. Blasphemy laws seem to be the norm rather than an exception when it comes to countries in the Middle East and North Africa where 14 countries out of 20 have anti-speech laws and penalize apostasy. The death penalty for crimes under the. RELATED: Is Religion Good for Your Brain? Death penalty for treason; terrorism; espionage; genocide; mutiny; desertion in times of war. "The death penalty does not exist" (Article 15). Hanging, firing squad. Hanging. Countries categorized as 'very high' on Human Development Index, Alexandre Juster, L'histoire de la Polynésie française en 101 dates : 101 événements marquants qui ont fait l'histoire de Tahiti et ses îles, Les éditions de Moana, 2016 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Capital punishment in Saint Kitts and Nevis, Capital punishment in the United Arab Emirates, Capital punishment in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Capital punishment in the British Indian Ocean Territory, List of most recent executions by jurisdiction, "ABOLITIONIST AND RETENTIONIST COUNTRIES AS OF JULY 2018", "Abolitionist and Retentionist countries as of July 2018", "DEATH SENTENCES AND EXECUTIONS REPORT 2015", "Iran hangs Ali Reza Tajiki, who was arrested for murder at age 15", "South Sudan steps up executions, children not spared", "Human Development Report 2018 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators, "Gambia suspends death penalty en route to abolition", "Canadian's death sentence in China 'horrific', family says", https://www.worldcoalition.org/ADPAN-welcomes-Mongolia-decision-abolish-death-penalty-in-law.html, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-51969961, https://www.mmtimes.com/news/government-hasnt-relaxed-death-penalty.html#:~:text=Although%20death%20penalties%20are%20still,have%20been%20executed%20since%201988.&text=According%20to%20a%202017%20report,sentences%20commuted%20to%20life%20imprisonment, "European Union - EEAS (European External Action Service) | EU Policy on Death Penalty", "Belarus and Ukrainan rebels keep death penalty alive in Europe", "UN Says Fighting Fuels 'Dire' Situation In Eastern Ukraine As Winter Sets In", "International law: abolition protocols ratified last month", "Overview of the death penalty worldwide in 2016", https://www.amnestyusa.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Amnesty-Death-Sentences-and-Executions-2019.pdf, "Gambia suspends death penalty in step towards abolition", "HANDS OFF CAIN against death penalty in the world", https://web.archive.org/web/20141210142122/http://www.27maio.com/nito-alves-1945-1977/, "Benin: Accession to the Second Optional Protocol Aiming at the Abolition of the Death Penalty", https://www.zimeye.net/2020/02/22/29yr-old-man-executed-for-employers-murder/, "Burkina Faso abolishes death penalty in new penal code", "Burundi: Imminent resumption of executions or summary trials and executions", "Burundi abolishes the death penalty but bans homosexuality", "At Least 47 Surrendered Rebels 'Executed' as Burundi Makes a Bloody Start to 2015 - VICE News", "Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee, Cameroon, U.N. Doc. To wit, death sentences are handed down and carried out regularly, most recently in 2020. Laws restricting blasphemy are common in North Africa (70%) and the Middle East (90%). As of 2014, about a quarter of the world’s countries and territories (26%) had anti-blasphemy laws or policies, of which 13 nations, all Muslim-majority, have the death penalty for apostasy. In 1986, yet another clause was added recommending the death penalty or life imprisonment for blasphemy against Muhammad, according to the BBC. Botswana, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Libya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Nigeria are examples of countries that execute people. International Actors, Democratization and the Rule of Law: Anchoring Democracy? China is the world's most active death penalty country; according to Amnesty International, China executes more people than the rest of the world combined per annum. In November 2010, Aasia Bibi became the first woman in Pakistan's history to be sentenced to death under the country’s “Blasphemy Law,” which carries a mandatory death penalty.No one has … In the republican era, all military death sentences imposed for crimes committed during wartime (the Second World War was Brazil's last international military conflict) were similarly commuted and not carried out. It is worth noting that many, if not most, Muslim countries still have blasphemy laws but do not enforce a death penalty for it. It was passed by … As of July 2018[update], of the 195 independent states that are UN members or have UN observer status:[9]. Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Pakistan and, as an Islamic state, it must follow Islamic laws. Punishment for blasphemy is death. From 1967 to 2014, over 1,300 people have been accused of blasphemy, with Muslims constituting most of those accused. Second, all forms of blasphemy are forgiveable except the blasphemy of the Holy Spirit, which is the impenitent ascription of the works of the Devil to the Lord even when one knows better (Matt. However, prisoners held for political crimes, or crimes against the state are typically excluded from such amnesties. The information above is accurate as of 2020[update], when Chad abolished capital punishment. It is worth noting that many, if not most, Muslim countries still have blasphemy laws but do not enforce a death penalty for it. A death penalty for blasphemy … Article (283) of the Jordanian Penal Code, for example, states imprisonment for blasphemy and not execution. References are in the continental tables above and not repeated here. It was in the Kingdom of Tahiti (when the island was independent), in 1824, that for the first time in the world a legislative assembly abolished the death penalty, commuted into banishment. In Central and South America, the death penalty exists in Belize and Guyana, though it has not been used in years. The last known executions in this region took place in Tonga in 1982. The Media Foundation for West Africa calls on Nigerian authorities to release activist Mubarak Bala and drop the blasphemy charges against him. WATCH VIDEO: From Religion to War: How Propaganda Changed the World, Top photo: Pakistani Christians in 2010 demonstrate against the death sentence handed to Asia Bibi for blasphemy. In Israel and Chile, it is restricted to crimes committed in wartime. Death penalty abolished in revised 2009 criminal code. A blasphemy law is a law prohibiting blasphemy, where blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable. In 2019, Asia had the world's 5 leading practitioners of capital punishment – China, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Vietnam. The Code imposes a penalty of up to five years’ imprisonment for expressions or actions in public that have “the character of being at enmity with, abusing or staining a religion, adhered to in Indonesia” or are committed “with the intention to prevent a person to adhere [sic] to any religion based on the belief of the almighty God.” Either the Penal Code or … In 2012, Latvia became the last EU Member State to abolish capital punishment in wartime.[24]. Firing squad, hanging. Of the 35 independent states in the Americas that are UN members: Many Caribbean countries have carried out no executions for over 10 years, but are not believed to have an abolitionist policy or established practice. Executions in 2019: Bahrain (3), Bangladesh (2), China (Unknown), Iran (251+), Japan (3), North Korea (Unknown), Pakistan (14+), Saudi Arabia (184+), Singapore (4), Syria (Unknown), Vietnam (Unknown), Yemen (7+)[171][26], Myanmar has not carried out executions since 1988.

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