Carlos de Austria, byname Don Carlos, (born July 8, 1545, Valladolid, Spain—died July 25, 1568, Madrid), prince of Asturias, son of King Philip II of Spain and Maria of Portugal, heir to the Spanish throne, whose hatred for his father led him to conspire with the king’s enemies in the Low Countries, thus provoking his arrest. In 1565 Don Carlos attempted to escape to Flanders and, two years later, to Germany. The transition from father-to-son occurred after a series of embarrassments involving Juan Carlos which culminated most notably in his apologizing publicly for having left Spain … Her uncle Edward VII elevated her style to Royal Highness , so that she would have the necessary status to marry into the Spanish royal house. Created by Emma Frost. Maria Theresa HELLO! Alonso Sánchez Coello: Infante Don Carlos, painting, 1564. The map shows the territorial development of the Habsburg Monarchy as it evolved into a sprawling, geographically fragmented empire. Journey through the different epochs of Habsburg history from the Middle Ages to the First World War. The beautiful Spanish princess, Catherine of Aragon, navigates the royal lineage of England with an eye on the throne. Don Carlos was sickly and soon showed signs of mental instability, being given to outbursts of violence. The most important relative in his life was probably his aunt Joanna (1537-1573), Philip II's youngest sister. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He had Pfeiffer syndrome type 2. You can block or delete these cookies in your browser settings, but in doing so you risk the danger of preventing several parts of the website from functioning properly. Save settings By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He was the son of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. Monarchical rule was legitimized by descent. In 2016, a man named Simon Dorante-Day claimed to be the secret son of Prince Charles and Duchess Camilla. Choose from various themes to access and explore the history of the Habsburg Monarchy, for example ‘work’, ‘love’ or ‘death’. prince albert, grace kelly's son, sends letter of solidarity to emmanuel macron following notre dame fire Albert de Monaco and Grace Kelly, circa 1982. The prince planned to flee to the Netherlands in order to ally himself with his father’s adversaries there. Don Carlos of Spain or Infante Carlos of Spain may refer to: . Finally, Philip II ordered his arrest in January 1568 when he learned of the intrigues of the prince with the marquis of Berghes and the baron of Montigny, nobles involved in the rebellion of the Low Countries. Don Carlos is probably best known as the hero of a tragedy by Friedrich von Schiller and of Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Don Carlo. Prince Juan was born on June 30, 1478 in Seville. The youngest surviving child of the Catholic Kings of Spain, Katharine was born on 16 December 1485, the same year that Henry VII established the Tudor dynasty. Except for a short period, the prince did not see his father until he was 14 years of age. But in 1552 she left to marry the Crown Prince of Portugal. Confessional affiliation becomes a political issue, determining the relationship between countries as well as between princes and ... © 2020 Die Welt der Habsburger All rights reserved. Amiir, the son of Prince and Mayte Garcia-Nelson, was born on October 16, 1996, and lived just seven days before succumbing to breathing difficulties. Don Carlos died in prison a few months later. Omissions? Prince of Asturias. He was the son of Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. Cookie settings Since Maximilian’s wife, Maria of Spain, was a sister of Philip II, the two Habsburg princes were nephews of the Spanish king. The wedding and marriage of Catherine of Aragon and Prince Arthur. Don Carlos survived the operation but briefly lost his sight as a consequence. In 1567 the twenty-two-year-old was duly subjected to a test under the supervision of his physicians that would prove his ability to father a child. Philip did not become king of Spain until 1556. Philip II was born on May 21, 1527, in Valladolid, Spain.Philip was the son of Charles V—the reigning Holy Roman emperor—and Isabella of Portugal.Philip was prepared to succeed Charles almost from birth. As a child, Philip sometimes received secret memoranda from his father reminding him of the responsibility he bore as his father’s successor and warning him to be wary of advisers. In 1560 the Cortes (parliament) of Castile recognized him as heir to the throne, but Philip subsequently decided he was incapable of ruling and barred him from succession to the throne. Religious schisms convulse Western Christianity and change European society profoundly. The prince’s health deteriorated and he died in mysterious circumstances in 1568. ; Don Carlos, Prince of Asturias (1545–1568), eldest son of Philip II of Spain and therefore grandson of the above mentioned Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor The Habsburg dynasty: Here you can read potted biographies, examine portraits from seven centuries and dip into the historical contexts of past epochs. Amiir, the son of Prince and Mayte Garcia-Nelson, was born a month early on October 16, 1996, and lived just seven days before succumbing to breathing difficulties. Born in Winchester Castle in September 1486—a scant nine months after his parent's marriage—Arthur was the eldest of King Henry VII's four surviving children with Elizabeth of York. In addition to these problems he also had a speech defect. His death contributed to the Black Legend of Philip II. Alonso Sánchez Coello: Infante Don Carlos, painting, 1564. Juan Carlos held the title until 22 November 1975, when he became King of Spain following the death of Franco. Kultur- und Mentalitätsgeschichte einer Familie, Graz 1997. We employ strictly necessary and analysis cookies. Jul 26, 2015 - Greg Hallett Report No. ): Die Habsburger. Spanish king's son who won title before death It was revealed in 2003 that the former King Juan Carlos of Spain had a new relative - an uncle, aged 74 at the time, named Leandro. https://www.habsburger.net/en/chapter/don-carlos-tragedy-kings-son, Edelmayer, Friedrich: Philipp II. Don Carlos of Spain or Infante Carlos of Spain may refer to: . In reality, Don Carlos was sadly disturbed. As a child, Philip sometimes received secret memoranda from his father reminding him of the responsibility he bore as his father’s successor and warning him to be wary of advisers. The physical and mental feebleness of his only son and heir was also the reason why the sons of Philip’s cousin Maximilian II, the later emperor Rudolf II and Archduke Ernst, were summoned to the Spanish court to be brought up there and groomed as potential successors.