Poison sumac – which grows in the Eastern US — has white or gray berries, where edible sumac has red, brown, purple or maroon fruit. Sumac is a general name for the 250 species of flowering plants in the Rhus genus. Learn more about the plant and its allergenic properties. Poison Sumac. Poison Sumac, or Toxicodendron vernix, is a common North American plant that causes skin irritation to people.Like its better-known cousin poison ivy, the green leaves of poison sumac sure to put a damper on an otherwise pleasant camping trip or another outdoor excursion. If it surprises you that rash-causing poison sumac has family ties with a plant that bears edible nuts, be prepared to be surprised again: Mango trees (Mangifera spp.) Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site! Although the standard warning for poison ivy is about its leaves, poison sumac is more broadly toxic. Whether you are new to foraging or an experienced pro, you are bound to have an adventure foraging for sumac. The leaves on a poison sumac are angled slightly upward, and they’re smooth and oblong-shaped. Since there are poisonous plants in the Anacardiaceae family, and since poison sumac does resemble some of the food sumacs during its foliage stage, care should be taken when foraging. Do you have any tips for foraging sumac? Yes, some varieties are poisonous, but many are not, and it’s not difficult to distinguish them. You can even lick your fingers to see if it has the tart taste. Another beneficial plant in the family is the smoke bush (Cotinus coggygria), a popular ornamental landscape plant. Contact: Editor (at) OffTheGridNews.com Phone: 815-902-6086 2200 Illinois Route 84 Thomson, Illinois 61285. All parts of poison sumac are poisonous. Whereas poison sumac is known to botanists as Toxicodendron vernix, staghorn sumac is classified as Rhus typhina. What Does It Look Like? Soak five to eight clusters in eight cups of room-temperature water, for a few hours. Nola Borrego Reply to Cindy 1 year ago I believe that 4 of the trees on my property when I bought it were sumac. This poisonous plant grows in Asia and North America. The very genus name of poison sumac indicates its toxic nature. The Poison Sumac tree generally is somewhat taller than the Dwarf Sumac, but smaller than the Staghorn Sumac. Not only are the leaves toxic, but so are its flowers, fruit, twigs, bark, and sap. Rhus toxicodendron is the species that secretes a poisonous oil, also known as poison sumac.This plant is common in swampy regions of North America, and can be differentiated from other types by its white berries in the fall. You can differentiate the species by the fact that the branches of staghorn sumac have a furry texture. The poisonous oils contained in these shrubs or trees are powerful enough to cause severe reactions in many people. Poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) has leaves somewhat similar to staghorn sumac. Traditional medicinal use. Answered by theficuswrangler on December 1, 2014. The shrub grows to about 6-20 feet in height. Poison sumac is toxic thanks to the … The poison sumac plant is categorized as a deciduous shrub, but it can grow quite tall. Poison sumac has reddish stems that are covered in symmetrical rows of leaves. Staghorn, Smooth, and other edible sumacs have fruit clusters at the ends of branches, and those fruit clusters tend to point sky-ward; the ripe fruits vary from red to purple, and anything in between. Beginners at plant identification can easily confuse poison sumac and non-rash-causing types of sumac such as staghorn sumac. New “Survival Herb Bank” Gives You Access to God’s Amazing Medicine Chest. Sumac, as it is used in a culinary context, is the berry part of a sumac tree or shrub, of which there are about 35 species deriving from the genus Rhus. Pothos vs. Philodendron: What's the Difference? But the plants will have leaves for more months of the year than they will have berries, and they will have twigs (the youngest branches) year-round. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are the most common and readily available landscape species. Sumac was especially dangerous to marble: "When sumac dust settles on white marble, the result is not immediately apparent, but if it once becomes wet, or even damp, it becomes a powerful purple dye, which penetrates the marble to an extraordinary depth." They can torture you for weeks on end after an unfortunate encounter. Tree Size: 30-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, 6-12 in (15-30 cm) trunk diameter. Poison ivy (either the Eastern or Western variety) can be found virtually everywhere in the United States and as far north as the Canadian border, whereas poison oak sticks pretty much to the Pacific Northwest and the entire South. The very genus name of poison sumac indicates its toxic nature. It is common in Canada and the Eastern United States, including the Adirondacks, growing exclusively in regions with extremely moist soil. berries featured foraging plant poisonous sumac Za-atar. Family Ties Between Poison Sumac and Staghorn Sumac, How to Tell Poison Sumac and Staghorn Sumac Apart, How to Remove Poison Sumac From Your Garden, 12 Trees With Brilliant Fall Color Plus Other Advantages. You also can grind in a coffee grinder. 0. Is sumac a hardwood or soft wood? Apiarists use the dried drupes as fuel in bee smokers. One of the names for this plant is “poison dogwood.” It can severely harm pets and kids. The berries ripen in summer and tend to be wet and sticky when ripe. Clip at the base of the cluster early in the season with some sort of pruning shears. If you do not spend any time around swamps, there is a good chance that you will never see poison sumac, even if you visit a region to which it is native, such as New England (U.S.). Sumac is a fairly common plant, and you were probably taught for years that it is poisonous and should be avoided. I was given a free tree from the free tree program . In addition, poison sumac normally grows in swampy areas, so if you stick to the dry areas that Staghorn sumac prefers, you’re unlikely to ever run across a poison sumac tree. To confuse things further, there are multiple types of real sumac (Rhus family). It has compound leaves with 7-13 smooth-edged leaflets, as shown in figure 1. So foragers, with this knowledge of sumac, grab your pruners and enjoy the harvest. The shape of the berries is flattish. Sumac grows all over the world, in North America, Europe, Middle East and the Mediterranean. Sumac can be a small tree or a shrub in shape, and likes to grow on dry slopes. One of the names for this plant is “poison dogwood.” It can severely harm pets and kids. Poison Sumac is a woody shrub that can grow to the size of a small tree and contains a toxic resin that is very irritating to humans. The sap is extremely irritating to the skin for many people and causes an itchy, painful inflammation known as contact dermatitis. Indeed, the plants are related. But poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) is also a small tree with leaves like regular sumac. Experience sumac’s citrus taste in a variety of fresh and cooked dishes. But there are also a few identification features that you should know to help you tell the two plants apart (at least at certain times of the year). The tree is Staghorn Sumac. Sumac is a fairly common plant, and you were probably taught for years that it is poisonous and should be avoided. The new bark on the branches of this tree is comparatively smoother than older bark. Thank You To harvest sumac, locate the desirable clusters that are the brightest color on the tree or bush. Skin contact with the oil of a poison sumac plant causes an allergic skin reaction known as contact dermatitis. You can get the rash by coming into contact with poison sumac at any time of year, including winter. Like the manchineel tree, poison sumac's toxicity can also be even more problematic if the urushiol-containing plant matter is burned. All parts of a poison sumac plant are poisonous … A thicket of smooth sumac retained some of its berries in January, though most of them were gone. In the fall, all the sumacs are beautiful, with foliage colors of magnificent maroon to … It can be used as a rub or seasoning on meat, fish or salad and used on kebabs. Sumac is often put into Za-atar as an ingredient. See more ideas about poison sumac plant, sumac plant, sumac. Knowing how to tell poison sumac apart from staghorn sumac could save you from getting a terrible skin rash. Scientific Name: Rhus spp. It grows in tropical and temperate regions all over the world. Most strikingly, they share a trait that draws much attention to them in autumn: extremely colorful fall foliage. The petunias are all dying. Although technically a shrub, it can grow to a tree size. The vaporized urushiol oil in the smoke will still cause a reaction when it contacts skin, and can be significantly more dangerous if inhaled. Poison Sumac: How to Identify It, and What to Do if You've Been Exposed, gardening hazards: don't touch that poison ivy! Poison Sumac - Poisonous Shrub. Yes, some varieties are poisonous, but many are not, and it’s not difficult to distinguish them. Staghorn sumac is native to the eastern parts of Canada and the U.S. By late summer it has beautiful autumn-coloured foliage and the fruit is a brilliant crimson red. When the oil comes in contact with your skin, it triggers itchy red blisters that leak or … Happily, their leaves differ in a few ways, so you should have no trouble telling them apart; while, even in winter (when there are no leaves), you can tell the two apart by inspecting their twigs: David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. The rash-causing agent, urushiol, is the same, and it causes the same rashes. First, it is not a great idea to forage for sumac along roads or highways, even though the bushes are often full of fruit. So learning the differences between their leaves and twigs is even more helpful. While poison sumac is rare, when you find it in its typical wetland habitat, you may find quite a bit. There are 250 geniuses of Sumac. Now, however, we are getting back to discovering the truth behind this plant. This sumac will have absorbed pollution from being so close to the road. Place into a strainer and sift. A sumac plant is a type of small tree or shrub with compound leaves, milky sap, and fleshy fruit.. Poison ivy can grow as a vine, but poison sumac always grows as a bush or tree. Sumac Tree Uses. Poison ivy and poison sumac are like the bad guy in the movie at his murderous worst. It can grow anywhere from four to 35 feet in size. Poison Sumac | ASPCA The stems of poison sumac are smooth and hairless, as are the leaves. The spice we see in brick and mortar specialty stores and online is usually imported and derived from a Mediterranean sumac species, Rhus coriaria. Poison sumac also goes by the name thunderwood in the southeastern US.. They mature to an off-white color in the fall. Adding to the confusion is the fact that the three poisonous plants inhabit many of the same areas. The leaves vary widely by species, but most are hairy and have toothed or finely cut leaves. Varieties like smooth and staghorn sumac are well-known landscaping trees in temperate regions because of their hardiness and intense autumn colors. Sumac can be a small tree or a … Desserts and drinks also can be dressed with sumac as a syrup. Are Sumac Trees Poisonous. Sumac plants of both the poisonous and non-poisonous varieties will grow in almost any soil as long as it is well-drained. Leave them overnight, or until the water turns red. Identifying Sumac: Poisonous vs. harmless I don't know that I have mentioned, but poisonous plants and I DO NOT get along well. ‘Off The Grid News’ is an independent, weekly email newsletter and website that is crammed full of practical information on living and surviving off the grid. The twigs on poison sumac are smooth; those on staghorn sumac are covered in tiny hairs. Lay sumac out on newspaper, with lots of air flow. Because it spreads to form massive colonies, you usually do not see a single plant standing alone. There is no poison sumac vine. If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance, contact your local veterinarian or our 24-hour emergency poison hotline directly at 1-888-426-4435. A staghorn sumac leaf will have at least 13 leaflets on it (usually more); a poison sumac leaf will have at most around 13 leaflets (usually fewer). Desert or little leaf Sumac, Rhus Microphyllia. Poison sumac, like poison ivy and poison oak, contains uroshiol, a highly irritating substance that causes severe rashes. (Berries from some of those species can cause skin irritation, so best leave the harvesting to the experts.) Killing poison sumac requires several herbicide applications and diligent attention to new plant growth. Poison sumac and staghorn sumac belong to the same family: Anacardiaceae. At a quick glance Tree-of-Heaven and native sumac may seem indistinguishable, or at least confusing, but upon closer inspection there are several key characteristics to look for that will quickly distinguish the invasive Tree-of-Heaven from the native sumacs. Consult an expert before foraging if you are not experienced or trying a new plant. The new bark on the branches of this tree is comparatively smoother than older bark. Average Dried Weight: 33 lbs/ft 3 (530 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.45, .53. In late summer some shoots have galls on leaf undersides, caused by the sumac leaf gall aphid, Melaphis rhois. About Sumac. Poison sumac, Toxicodendron vernix, is related to the poison ivies and poison oaks, not to the other sumacs. The word sumac is derived from the Arabic summãq, meaning red.And sumac is the common name for shrubs belonging to the Rhus genus; they bear fruit in clusters of orange to russet, and their leaves turn vividly scarlet in fall. Poison sumac is rare and grows in moist woodland areas or near streams. Za-atar combines sumac and other spices and herbs. Specifically, poison sumac ( Toxicodendron vernix ) can grow to a mature height of almost 30 feet/9 meters. If so, how long do I have to wait before I can plant in the area again? Some people may only be familiar with the poisonous variety of sumac that can cause a serious rash much like poison oak and poison ivy do. The stalk of the compound leaf is reddish. Spice will last over a year when stored in a cool, dry place. Similar Images . We mulched our new flower bed with leaves from our African sumac tree. Sumac Tree Types. Growth (leaves) is dying in some of the branches in our 8 year old African Sumac tree. It has compound leaves with 7-13 smooth-edged leaflets, as shown in figure 1. Use sumac trees for firewood, rather than shrubs, and allow it to season for at least one year prior to use. Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. Push through a medium-mesh strainer to separate any remaining sticks and seeds. In fact, many Staghorn sumac plants have been mistakenly taken down in the belief that they are poisonous. It has been 2 weeks and the tree still looks the same. I had a large sumac tree come down and I want to know if I can burn the wood in my wood stove. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. The galls are not markedly harmful to the tree. The bark is gray to blackish and either smooth or slightly streaked. This botanical group is also called the "cashew" family, and cashew trees (Anacardium occidentale) are part of it. “It’s the dried, ground up fruit,” explains Frisch. Sumac is a lightweight wood known for spitting, popping and throwing out embers. A. I could not find African sumac listed in any of the allelopathic lists, although sumac as a genus is listed. Where Poison Sumac Grows. Smooth sumac is well known for its brilliant red fall foliage and its deep red berries. We use cookies to personalize content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyze our traffic. and Sumac Tree Info: Learn About Common Sumac Varieties For Gardens Poison sumac has clusters of waxy, hairless, whitish berries that are suspended UNDER the branches, like grapes. Q. African Sumac Tree. All parts of the sumac tree are poisonous. Tree of Heaven has smooth leaf edges except for one or two notches at the base of the leaf. (Rhus typhina) Distribution: Northeastern United States. Most types of sumac have fuzzy fruit except the Smooth sumac, hence the name. This sumac will have absorbed pollution from being so close to the road. The leaflets of poison sumac have smooth margins; those of staghorn sumac are toothed. Tree of Heaven is an invasive and extremely aggressive in growth and proliferation. Both Sumac and Tree of Heaven are in flower in northeast Ohio, which in fact is one of the best ways to tell them apart. They are also used for ornamental purposes, due to the attractive fall foliage color. Image source: tcpermaculture.blogspot.com. Jul 10, 2019 - Explore Karen Mulkeen's board "Poison sumac plant" on Pinterest. Staghorn sumac, while very common, isn’t dangerous. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. Poison sumac is a shrub or small tree found in swamps, bogs, and river banks in the Southeastern and Northern United States. Drain with cheesecloth or a coffee filter to remove any debris. Poison Ivy, poison oak and poison sumac are all related to the edible kind of sumac, but all look different. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. 7 Important Steps To Prepare Your Chickens For Fall And Winter, Here’s Why You Should NEVER Rake Up Leaves, Making Bread Without An Oven – The Pioneer Way, Overlooked Repair Parts That Smart Preppers Stockpile, ‘When Should I Pick It?’ — Vegetable Harvesting Essentials, Attract Bees To Your Garden In These Eight Easy And Simple Ways, Natural Japanese Beetle Repellants For Your Garden, The Time-Tested, Hidden Benefits Of Fermented Foods. By contrast, the only warning to issue about staghorn sumac is that, if you want to grow it on your land as a shrub to give you great fall color, be aware that it can spread out of control via its underground rhizomes. What can we do to save the tree that is suffering the loss of healthy branches? But some species (like poison sumac) are toxic and can cause severe allergic reactions. Poison sumac grows mainly in the eastern U.S. Non-poisonous sumac trees have red drupes that grow upwards from the tree and are found in soils that are not water drenched. Its leaves grow in groups of 7-13 leaflets. Similar Images . Poison sumac has smooth-edged, glossy (shiny) leaves. High-end restaurants are gathering and using sumac in their dishes. The dried drupes of certain sumac species, when ground become purple in color, and are used as a spice in Mediterranean and Arab cuisines. When burned, this substance is released into the air, and can cause severe lung irritation. Within Anacardiaceae, staghorn sumac is not closely related to poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix), although they share the name "sumac." Both poison sumac and staghorn sumac have compound leaves, made up of individual leaflets. Poison sumac sports groups of separate berries (not fused together) that droop down from small stems. Sumac is a spice that is popular in the Middle East. You can roast the seeds to eat or make a dye. Poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac are all caused by a single factor: urushiol oil. Sumac probably won't put out a lot of heat. How Can I Get Rid of Poison Sumac? To differentiate poison sumac from other common sumacs, count the number of leaflets. Moreover, they both are tall shrubs (sometimes reaching about 30 feet tall), deciduous, and native to eastern North America. recently we had a storage shed that mysteriously burned down along with 2 of these trees. A thicket of smooth sumac retained some of its berries in January, though most of them were gone. Poison sumac is actually more closely related to two other rash-causing plants than it is to staghorn sumac: Poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) What I need to know is when should I see something. You will not find poison sumac growing up on high, dry hillsides where non-poisonous ornamental kinds typically grow. DH husband used to be able to bushwhack the stuff and come out with nothing. The Short Answer: Poison sumac is a large shrub or small tree found in wet areas. Poison sumac, poisonous shrub or small tree of the cashew family, native to eastern North America. This gives us another contrast with poison sumac, a solitary specimen of which you may very well find growing in a swamp. The stems of most non-poisonous varieties are rough and hairy, though there are some non-poisonous varieties with smoother leaves and stems, such as smooth sumac and winged sumac. When we take a closer look at the botanical classification of poison sumac and staghorn sumac, however, we see how scientists have drawn a distinction between them: They belong to different genera. In fact, most species are harmless shrubs or trees. Poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) has leaves somewhat similar to staghorn sumac. Process for a few minutes, leaving just the seeds. The berries (drupes) provide the most obvious clue. But the fruit stage of the Rhus sumacs and their Toxicodendron cousins—poison sumac, poison ivy and poison oak — … But the berries of staghorn sumac are red. The stalk of the compound leaf is reddish. Use it to start a fast-burning fire in combination with hard woods, which will generate more heat. The bad sumacs are really bad!!! The leaves are notched and grow in slightly taggered pairs until the end, where one leaf will be perpendicular to the rest. Smooth sumac, Rhus glabra, is the only shrub or tree that is native to all of the 48 contiguous states. Sumac has upright fruit clusters, usually red and covered in a velvet fuzz. Smart tip about staghorn sumac Planting this unique tree in your garden will bring lots of color to your garden! As with the other sumacs it also grows as a shrub. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Sumac clusters are called drupes. Fortunately, learning a little about the plants' respective habitats and the differences in their leaves, twigs, and berries will help you arrive at a positive identification and allow you to enjoy a walk in the woods with greater peace of mind. Dry clusters under heat lamps or in an oven at 125-150 degrees Fahrenheit. Poison sumac. It stinks like rotten peanut butter. Know what you are looking for, before foraging. You also can use a dehydrator. One of the best examples of such look-alikes is Ailanthus altissima (Tree-of-Heaven) and two native sumacs to the region, Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac) and Rhus glabra (smooth sumac). If poison sumac is growing on your property and you want to remove it, you’re in for a chore. Also known as poison elder or poison dogwood, poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) is an innocuous-looking shrub or small tree that can reach 25 feet if left unchecked.All parts of the tree contain urushiol, an oily toxin that can cause severe dermatitis within 12 to 24 hours. The berries of staghorn sumac are used to make lemonade. The sap is clear, but quickly turns black when exposed. It’s a toxic plant that is not suitable for burning. Poison sumac is a toxic plant in the form of a woody shrub tree or small tree … However, other species of the same family, like Rhus toxicodendron and Rhus vernicifera are very poisonous for humans and for animals. Do not use boiling water or hot water as it will change the acidity of the berries. It has been used for medicinal purposes, made into spices and often used as an ingredient in flavoring. #114915173 - Autumnal red leaves of sumac on the tree.Autumnal red leaves.. Are the African sumac leaves poisonous? You need to be aware of this when you eat sumac for the first time. The Hidden Secrets Of Making Herbal Medicines…Right At Your Fingertips! Winged Sumac, Rhus copallina , also bears dark red berries in an upright formation. If you are interested in foraging sumac, but have never done so, there are a few things to know. Image source: creaseymahannaturepreserve.org. Poison sumac also rarely grows in dense, pure stands -- edible sumacs happen to reproduce by rhizome, as well as seeds, which creates those dense, pure stands of sumac you always see along the roadside. Coming into contact with the leaves, stems, roots or berries can cause a mild to serious reaction. Poison sumac is actually more closely related to two other rash-causing plants than it is to staghorn sumac: Realizing that these two plants usually are found in quite different habitats is step one in distinguishing between them. When looking for firewood in the forest, take care of this plant that is twisted around the woods. Mature specimens have been known to attain heights of twenty feet. Frankly, I'm so … I, however, can barely look at it without contracting it. If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance, contact your local veterinarian or our 24-hour emergency poison hotline directly at 1-888-426-4435. Despite these similarities, it is important to appreciate their differences. We have a large non-poisonous sumac tree growing very near our house (less than 1 foot away) and we have cut it back to a few trunks only to have it sprout out like crazy at the cuts with an abundance of sprouts off the root system on either direction around the perimeter of the house. Staghorn Sumac - Rhus typhina is an attractive wood line plant with attractive fruits and a good orange fall color. Staghorn sumac is native to the eastern parts of Canada and the U.S. By late summer it has beautiful autumn-coloured foliage and the fruit is a brilliant crimson red. By doing this early in the season, there is less chance of mold or insects. The most common non-poisonous sumac, staghorn sumac, bears bright orange or red berries which grow at the ends of the stems, and they are held upright on the stems. They are packed tightly together in soft, cone-shaped tufts that grow upright. Both grow 10 to 15 feet (3-5 m.) tall with a similar width, and have bright red fall colors. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. What can I do? Touch the fruit to check for a slightly sticky feel. Poison sumac is a shrub or small tree differentiated from the common sumac, staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) growing along U.S. highways and roads in USDA zones 4 through 8, by its leaves and berries. It is relatively rare compared to the other members of the family. Common Name(s): Sumac, Staghorn Sumac. First, it is not a great idea to forage for sumac along roads or highways, even though the bushes are often full of fruit. Smooth sumac is well known for its brilliant red fall foliage and its deep red berries. To differentiate poison sumac from other common sumacs, count the number of leaflets. All parts of the sumac tree are poisonous. Poison sumac is a plant of very wet areas. It is a frequent inhabitant of stretches along the roadside where the soil is dry. The poison sumac tree (Toxicodendron vernix) is found only in very wet soils, like swamps and marshes—which is a big clue, because the sumacs we are seeking are usually in drier soils. Q. Sumac tree. Commonly found in North America and Africa, sumac trees grow abundantly in the wild. A shrub or small tree is what poison sumac is. To prepare edible sumac, you can dip the clusters in water (room-temperature) right after harvesting. Advice you’ll never hear from the mainstream media. The associated rash is an allergic reaction to the urushiol oil of the poison sumac plant. Written by: Kristen Duever How-To 2 Comments.WP-PrintIcon{margin-bottom:-3px} Print This Article, Staghorn sumac. See more ideas about poison sumac plant, sumac plant, sumac. The edible sumacs has tooth-edged leaves. The companion Sumac tree about 50 yards away is healthy and thriving. Add to Likebox #129370421 - The crown and the treetop of a staghorn sumac tree in front of..

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