Between 4.8 and 12.7 million tonnes of plastic enter the ocean each year, according to figures published in the journal Science in 2015. But with 8 million metric tons dumped in the ocean every year, the ocean can’t wait for long term solutions, and we need to act now. Plastic proved to be popular among businesses and consumers, as it was cheap to produce and easily disposable. PABORTSAVA: It was about, I think, between 5 and 12 millions tons … These particles are known to collect harmful bacteria and chemical pollutants such as DDT and PCBs. Ocean plastic pollution is a massive environmental problem. Water is essential to the survival of all life as we know it. About 75% of deep ocean fish have consumed plastic due to the scarcity of food at the deep sea level. Ocean acidification is a growing problem However, plastic had a shortcoming: it was non-biodegradable. the spatial extent of oceanic plastic pollution. 1 in 3 marine mammal species get found entangled in litter, 12-14,000 tons of plastic are ingested by North Pacific fish yearly.. According to the United Nations global plastic production has gone from 5.5 million tonnes in the 1950s to 110 million tonnes in 2009. The UN also reports as much as 40% of the ocean area is severely polluted. Between 4.8 million and 12.7 million metric tons of plastic entered the ocean in 2010, according to the study, which traced plastic waste from 192 coastal countries around the world. That’s six times as heavy as The Brooklyn Bridge! The amount of plastic dumped into the ocean has been increasing, according to a new study, and the problem will probably get worse. What followed was the commercialization of plastic, most of which was used as packaging material. Located in the North Pacific Ocean, the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is made up of two parts. It is estimated that 250 metric tonnes of plastic will be in the oceans by 2030, and by 2050 there will be more plastic in the oceans than fish. "We estimated the total amount of mismanaged plastic waste generated within 50 kilometers of a coast that could enter the ocean," said Kara Lavender Law, a research professor of … The research team examined existing studies that found microplastics in everyday foods such as sugar, honey, and salt. Plastic pollution in the ocean could be an even bigger problem than first feared, with 14.4 million tonnes of microplastics estimated to be at the bottom of the sea. And because plastics are resistant to the processes that break down materials naturally, they can accumulate in the oceans. Assuming … While it’s tough to say exactly how much plastic is in the ocean, scientists think about 8 million metric tons of plastic entered the ocean in 2010. That’s about 17.6 billion pounds — or the equivalent of nearly 57,000 blue whales — every single year. GET ECO-FRIENDLY PRODUCTS — Make sure the products you buy are made with both ethics and the environment in mind. Here are four astonishing facts about how much plastic is in the ocean and … By Victor Kiprop on June 7 2018 in Environment. VOLUNTEER — Do some research to see if there are any clean-up opportunities in your community. There are opportunities at every point in the plastic life cycle: We can make plastic from renewable resources, manufacture goods that are recyclable and require less plastic, consume less, and make sure as much plastic … Eutrophication also yields carbon dioxide, which slows down the growth of shellfish, crabs, corals, and other sea life. As mentioned before, plastic can break down into small pieces the size of plankton called. ... Once at sea, much of the plastic trash remains in coastal waters. The excessive amount of marine pollution has created over 500 oceanic dead zones. Eutrophication also yields carbon dioxide, which slows down the growth of shellfish, crabs, corals, and other sea life. Eight million metric tons: That’s how much plastic we dump into the oceans each year. Since the 1950s about 8 billion metric tons of plastic have been produced. So what are the impacts microplastics have on your body? Great Gifts for Grandma: Mother’s Day Gift Guide, The Complete Guide to Buying an Adirondack Chair. Tap water and bottled water also contain thousands of microplastic particles. 1/ Every half second, this much plastic makes it into the world’s oceans. globally, which is roughly the same size as the United Kingdom. Of course, not all of our plastic waste ends up in the ocean, most ends up in landfills: it’s estimated that the share of global plastic waste that enters the ocean is around 3%. Calculating the amount of plastic in the ocean is difficult. In 1907, Belgian-American chemist Leo Henricus Arthur Baekeland created the first form of plastic based on a synthetic polymer. More than 1.3 billion tons of plastic waste will flow into the world's oceans and land over the next two decades without widespread intervention, according to a new report. To say there’s a lot of plastic in the ocean would be an understatement. 2/ At least 8 million tons of plastic enter the oceans each year. In 2015 it was estimated that the ocean contained at least 150 million metric tonnes of plastic. Eutrophication occurs when a body of water receives too many nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus. These products are used on the water and therefore represent a direct potential source of plastic pollution to the ocean. Your email address will not be published. The amount of plastic in the ocean could triple by the year 2025, according to a new report on the future of the seas. A study published in 2017 estimated between 1.15 to 2.41 million tonnes of plastic enters the oceans via rivers annually, with peak months being between May and October. Ultimately, more research is needed to understand the correlation between microplastic exposure and human health. Although the exact amount of plastic in the oceans cannot be accurately quantified, it is estimated that 150 million metric tons of plastic circulate the world's oceans. Plastic is not only piling up in the oceans, but is also causing more harm to marine animals than any other element. suggest that an accumulation of microplastics over time could be toxic. So the next time you eat seafood, there’s a possibility you’re exposing yourself to these toxins. According to a report from the Ellen MacArthur Foundation in partnership with the World Economic Forum, plastic in the ocean will outweigh fish by 2050. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, also known as the Pacific trash vortex — is the biggest one of them all. Plastic in the ocean: How much is out there, and where does it go? Together, it covers more than 245,000 km. However, the most conservative estimate for plastic emissions in 2010 was 4.8 million tonnes – two orders of magnitude higher. Tap water and bottled water also contain thousands of microplastic particles. Located between California and Hawaii, the patch covers an area twice the size of Texas and three times the size of France. Millions of tons of plastic waste enter the ocean every year, even plastic that goes in the trash can often ends up in the sea! We know how much we approximately supplied into the ocean in the past 65 years, but what we have been measuring in the surface ocean so far was just about 1% of that. At least two thirds of the world’s fish stocks are suffering from plastic ingestion. There’s so much junk in the sea, five garbage patches —accumulation zones of marine debris — have been formed across the world. It is estimated that 300 million tons of plastic is produced every year, and half of this plastic is used just once and then disposed. China, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam are dumping more plastic into oceans than the rest of the world combined, according to a 2017 report by Ocean … The circular motion of the gyre sucks debris into the gyre’s center, adding to the garbage patch. Plastic is found in the ocean as far as 11km deep, meaning synthetic fibers have contaminated even the most remote places on Earth. Six decades after its commercialization, the plastic is wreaking environmental havoc across the globe by clogging drainage systems, choking rivers and accumulating in the ocean. Your email address will not be published. They also estimate that the patch comprises 1.8 trillion pieces of plastic, which weighs more than 80,000 tonnes. Get a reusable water bottle to not only save on waste but also your money. In a study published in the journal. Always ensure your plastic gets thrown away in the recycling bin, even if it’s an inconvenience. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. These bodies of water don’t provide enough oxygen to support the lives of many organisms, turning these areas into an oceanic wasteland. An estimated 8 m tons of plastic pollution enter the world’s oceans every year. Stopping the flow of plastic means fixing a broken and fragmented system. That’s similar to emptying a garbage truck of plastic into an ocean every minute. Estimates for the contribution of land-based plastic vary widely. However, studies from both. World wide, 13,000-15,000 pieces of plastic are dumped into the ocean every day. , which weighs more than 80,000 tonnes. According to the study, the highest amount of plastic is to be found in the North Pacific Ocean – 12.4 kilotons (at the high estimate), which is almost twice as high as in the North Atlantic Ocean (6.7 kilotons). Always ensure your plastic gets thrown away in the recycling bin, even if it’s an inconvenience. A recent study in the journal Environmental Science and Technology suggests that humans could be consuming anywhere from 39,000 to 52,000 particles of microplastics every year. There’s so much junk in the sea, five garbage patches —accumulation zones of marine debris — have been formed across the world. The Ocean Chair will not only make your deck or patio beautiful but also eco-friendly. Required fields are marked *. This is still bad for the environment, but affects the overall amount. Between 4.8 million and 12.7 million metric tons of plastic entered the ocean in 2010, according to the study, which traced plastic waste from 192 coastal countries around the world. Get a reusable water bottle to not only save on waste but also your money. By 2050 there will be more plastic in the oceans than there are fish (by weight) FACT #6. Our new estimate of floating microplastic is up to 37 times higher than previous estimates. Plastic Oceans International is a 501(c)(3), non-profit organization, founded and existing under the laws of California (Federal Tax ID #81-3778043). These two patches are linked together by a gyre — a large, slow-moving whirlpool in the ocean. . , also known as the Pacific trash vortex — is the biggest one of them all. As a result,  it leads to a process called eutrophication. These facts are eye-opening, to say to the least. However, studies from both John Hopkins University and King’s College London suggest that an accumulation of microplastics over time could be toxic. 22 In 2010 – the year for which … When inhalation is added to the mix, the number of microplastics humans ingest each year could be between 74,000 to 121,000. Plastic is a majoy contributor to ocean pollution, but ‘how much plastic is in the ocean’, you ask? Each year, eight million metric tons of plastic are thrown into the ocean, wreaking havoc on the oceanic ecosystem. The world now produces more than 380 million tonnes of plastic every year, which could end up as pollutants, entering our natural environment and oceans.. Of course, not all of our plastic waste ends up in the ocean, most ends up in landfills: it’s estimated that the share of global plastic waste that enters the ocean is around 3%. Plastic pollution in the ocean frequently appears as seabird guts filled with cigarette lighters and bottle caps, marine mammals entangled in fishing gear and drifting plastic bags mimicking a gelatinous meal. In a study published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, researchers estimate that the dead zone measures at around 63,000 square miles — roughly the size of Florida. Of those, 236,000 tons are microplastics [2] – tiny pieces of broken-down plastic smaller than your little fingernail FACT #2 But given that it’s all manmade, it’s not as hard as you think to cut single-use plastic pollution, by aiming to buy better as much … The United Nations states that over three billion people rely on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods. OPT FOR A REUSABLE WATER BOTTLE — More than 60 million bottles end up in landfills every day. And by 2025, the annual cumulative output of plastic into the world’s oceans will … The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP) is the largest of five known garbage patches in the world's oceans. These facts are eye-opening, to say to the least. The patch holds between 1.1 and 3.6 trillion pieces of plastic float, which weighs 100,000 tons. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! By 2050, ocean … These particles are known to collect harmful bacteria and chemical pollutants such as DDT and PCBs. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Facts About Plastic in the Ocean: 2020 Update. suggests that humans could be consuming anywhere from 39,000 to 52,000 particles of microplastics every year. Human pollution from sewage outfalls and agricultural runoff is the main cause of dead zones. are thrown into the ocean, wreaking havoc on the oceanic ecosystem. That’s the weight of nearly 90 aircraft carriers, and the … Most aggregate … The Western Garbage Patch is situated near Japan, while the Eastern Garbage Patch is located between California and Hawaii. Fishing nets — not plastic straws, bottles, or microbeads — make up nearly half of the world’s plastic ocean pollution, says a survey for the Ocean Cleanup campaign.. Although the exact amount of plastic in the oceans cannot be accurately quantified, it is estimated that 150 million metric tons of plastic circulate the world's oceans. According to a study published in the journal Science in 2015, between 4.8 and 12.7 million metric tonnes of plastic entered the ocean in 2010. Human pollution from sewage outfalls and agricultural runoff is the main cause of dead zones. , 91% of plastic doesn’t get recycled. Some plastic also just washes up on beaches rather than being in the ocean. By 2025 we will be putting enough plastic in the ocean (on our most conservative estimates) to cover 5% of the earth’s entire surface in cling film each year. Additionally, they only examined 15% of the foods in an average diet, meaning the amount of microplastic ingestion could be much higher. How Much Plastic Is in the Ocean? Eight million metric tons of plastic are dumped into the sea every year — the equivalent weight of approximately 57,000 blue whales or one full garbage truck being dumped into the ocean every minute. Even though there are larger items like fishing gear, a lot of the plastic gets broken down into tiny pieces called microplastics, making the patch look more like a cloudy soup of debris. Aquatic animals are becoming trapped in fishing nets at an increasingly staggering rate, while thousands more are mistaking plastic for food. P lastic pollution in the ocean could be an even bigger problem than first feared, with 14.4 million tonnes of microplastics estimated to be at the bottom of the sea. The problem with plastic. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Dead zones are oxygen-depleted — or hypoxic — areas in the ocean. FACT #5. Most plastic littered in the ocean is non-biodegradable, which means it can stay in the water for thousands of years. Even if you live hundreds of miles from the coast, the plastic you throw away could make its way into the sea. The amount of plastic in the ocean is set to increase tenfold by 2020. CONTACT YOUR LOCAL GOVERNMENT — Write an email or letter to your representatives about passing policies to improve waste management infrastructure. Based on that study, many scientists estimate that an average of 8 million metric tonnes of plastic enter the ocean every year. 80% of plastic in our oceans … Millions of tons of plastic waste enter the ocean every year, even plastic that goes in the trash can often ends up in the sea! Right now, the Gulf of Oman, which connects the Arabian Sea to the Persian Gulf, is home to the world’s largest dead zone. Right now, the Gulf of Oman, which connects the Arabian Sea to the Persian Gulf, is home to the world’s largest dead zone. Let us know in the comments down below! However, you can still make a difference in cleaning up the oceans through small changes in your everyday life. The excessive amount of marine pollution has created over, . Questions that need answering include: (1) How much marine debris is in the world ocean, on the world’s beaches or in the world’s rivers and lakes? Furthermore, an additional 8 million metric tons are added annually. As a result,  it leads to a process called. Ocean plastic therefore very easily enters the food chain, and is consumed by people when they eat fish or shellfish. Most of the plastic trash in the oceans, Earth’s last sink, flows from land. Eight million metric tons of plastic are dumped into the sea every year — the equivalent weight of approximately 57,000 blue whales or one full garbage truck being dumped into the ocean every minute. When’s the Best Time to Buy Outdoor Furniture? The survey collected data from aerial photos of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, an area twice the size of Texas between Hawaii and California that’s a virtual floating island of plastic debris. The uncontrolled production of plastic led to the emergence of production facilities that were easy to set up and finance in developing states. Half of the plastics that land in the ocean are less dense than water, meaning that they float. Every year, 6.4 million tonnes are dumped into the ocean. We’re using more plastic than ever, it’s durable, cheap to produce and we’re consuming it at staggering rates. This invention, which he named Bakelite, was nothing extraordinary until the 1960s when businesses realized that plastic could be used as packaging material. Furthermore, an additional 8 million metric tons are added annually. Once in the ocean, plastic decomposes very slowly, breaking down in to tiny pieces known as micro plastics that can be incredibly damaging to sea life. According to the UN, about 8m tonnes of plastic waste is dumped in the seas annually. The research team examined existing studies that found microplastics in everyday foods such as sugar, honey, and salt. Part 3: How Much Plastic is in the Ocean Part 4: How Does Plastic Pollution Harm Marine Life Part 5: Ocean Plastic Statistics Part 6: What Can We Do to Stop the Plastic Pollution. In 2015, the output will be close to 9.1 million metric tons of plastic, Jambeck and her colleagues estimate. Water is essential to the survival of all life as we know it. It has been discovered at the deepest point of ocean, in Mariana Trench in the western Pacific Ocean, … Ocean gyres pull floating plastic together to form ocean garbage patches. Plastic waste is found in ocean waters, on beaches and in the marine food chain. RECYCLE — It seems obvious, but according to National Geographic, 91% of plastic doesn’t get recycled. Based on estimates of how much plastic is entering the ocean each year, it’s likely that the ocean contains over 180 million metric tonnes of plastic in 2019. Ocean plastic pollution is a massive environmental problem. There is now 5.25 trillion macro and micro pieces of plastic in our ocean & 46,000 pieces in every square mile of ocean, weighing up to 269,000 tonnes. It is a commonly held belief that plastic pollution is spread from the ocean surface to seabed. The oceans span three-fourths of the planet’s surface, which is 99% of the living space on Earth by volume. 1 In 2010 – the … Ocean plastic pollution is a massive environmental problem. Errors may explain the difference between these two estimates. Plastic pollution has been steadily increasing since 1990. Eutrophication occurs when a body of water receives too many nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus. So the next time you eat seafood, there’s a possibility you’re exposing yourself to these toxins. But the sea isn’t indestructible. That’s the weight of nearly 90 aircraft carriers, and the problem continues to grow. Furthermore, an … Millions of tons of plastic waste enter the ocean every year, even plastic that goes in the trash can often ends up in the sea! Much of the plastic in the ocean today comes directly from sources on land, often reaching the ocean as runoff that moves improperly discarded trash from land to river and finally, the ocean. The best guess, made in 2015, was about 150 million metric tons.

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