Tamil Nadu is the tenth largest Indian state by area and the sixth largest by population. Besides civilian airports, the state has four air bases of the Indian Air Force namely Thanjavur AFS, Tambram AFS, Coimbatore AFS and two naval air stations INS Rajali and INS Parundu of Indian Navy. By the early 18th century, the political scene in Tamil Nadu saw a major change-over and was under the control of many minor rulers aspiring to be independent. [92] As of 2001 census Tamil is spoken as the first language by nearly 90 per cent of the state's population followed by Telugu (5.65%), Kannada (1.67%), Urdu (1.51%), Malayalam (0.89%).[4]. Tamil Nadu has a well-developed rail network as part of Southern Railway. ", Skeletons dating back 3,800 years throw light on evolution, "The Hindu : National : 'Rudimentary Tamil-Brahmi script' unearthed at Adichanallur", "How a recent archaeological discovery throws light on the history of Tamil script", "Keezhadi excavation leads to ancient civilisation on the banks of Vaigai", "Excavation begins at Alagankulam archaeological site", "Cauvery River – Britannica Online Encyclopedia", "Tamil Cultural Association – Tamil Language", "History | Pudukkottai District, Government of Tamilnadu | India", "July 10, 1806 – The Vellore Mutiny Breaks out Against the British", "July, 1806 Vellore – S. Anand – Jul 17,2006", "Vidyasagar Rao assumes office as acting Governor of Tamil Nadu", "Tamil Nadu Governor appoints Edappadi K Palaniswami as chief minister – Times of India", "Justice AP Sahi sworn-in as Chief Justice of Madras High Court", "Members of Parliament from Tamil Nadu State | Tamil Nadu Government Portal", "Women police personnel face bias, says report", "List of Municipalities in Tamil Nadu Gradewise", "Increase in demands for new districts in Tamil Nadu", "CM will announce Kumbakonam district soon: Min | Trichy News - Times of India", "Minister visits villages to receive grievance applications", "Increase in demands for new districts in Tamil Nadu - The New Indian Express", "Tamil Nadu Assembly: Chief Minister Plans for Three New Districts in the State", "India Stats: Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Population By Religious Community – Tamil Nadu", "Front Page : Tamil to be a classical language", "When Tamil Nadu proposed a State flag nearly five decades ago", "Tamilnadu – The Dance of Celestial Deities", Definitive Editions of Ancient Tamil Works, "Chera, Chola, Pandya: Using Archaeological Evidence to Identify the Tamil Kingdoms of Early Historic South India", "Palani excavation triggers fresh debate", "Delay, howlers in Tamil Lexicon embarrass scholars", "Alanganallur-Jallikattu, Madurai, Tamil Nadu", "Tamil, Telugu film industries outshine Bollywood", "Cinema ticket rate revision reflects a balancing act", "Metro Plus Chennai / Madras Miscellany : The pioneer'Tamil' film-maker", "Jayalalithaa govt scraps free TV scheme in Tamil Nadu", "What Happens When a State Is Run by Movie Stars", "Sun TV seals deal with Arasu at Rs 3cr a month", "FY-2015: Inflection point for DTH companies in India", MS Swaminathan Research Foundatation 2010, "India's Gems and Jewellery Market is Glittering", "Tamil Nadu Poultry Industry Seeks Export Concessions", Challenges to textile and apparel industry in Tamil Nadu 2000, "Nick Names of India Places Manchester of India Ahmedabad Cochin Queen of Arabian Sea – General Knowledge in India", "The Indian Express – Google News Archive Search", "Leather exports from India: Going strong! In 1969, the scriptwriter turned politician, M. … 48.4 per cent of the state's population lives in urban areas, the third-highest percentage among large states in India. Tamil Nadu is one of the most literate states in India. Major national and global IT companies such as Atos Syntel, Infosys, Wipro, HCL Technologies, Tata Consultancy Services, Verizon, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, Amazon.com, Capgemini, CGI, PayPal, IBM, NTT DATA, Accenture, Ramco Systems, Robert Bosch GmbH, DXC Technology, Cognizant, Tech Mahindra, Virtusa, LTI, Mphasis, Mindtree, Zoho, and many others have offices in Tamil Nadu. [3] Studded with complex architecture, variety of sculptures, and rich inscriptions, the temples remain the very essence of the culture and heritage of Tamil land, with historical records dating back to at least 3,000 years. Tamil Nadu has a total railway track length of 5,952 km (3,698 mi) and there are 532 railway stations in the state. In Tamil Nadu, the television industry is influenced by politics and majority of the channels are owned by politicians or people with political links. Reply . To protect this diversity of wildlife there are Protected areas of Tamil Nadu as well as biospheres which protect larger areas of natural habitat often include one or more national parks. [148][better source needed] In terms of production, Tamil Nadu accounts for 10 per cent in fruits and 6 per cent in vegetables, in India. Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education, established in 1910, is under the purview of the Department of Education, Government of Tamil Nadu, India. The state has registered the lowest fertility rate in India in the year 2005–06 with 1.7 children born for each woman, lower than required for population sustainability. At the beginning of the 19th century, the British firmly established governance over the entirety of Tamil Nadu. The Justice Party which was under E. V. Ramasamy was renamed Dravidar Kazhagam in 1944. Common plant species include the state tree: palmyra palm, eucalyptus, rubber, cinchona, clumping bamboos (Bambusa arundinacea), common teak, Anogeissus latifolia, Indian laurel, grewia, and blooming trees like Indian labumusum, ardisia, and solanaceae. The fall of the Vijayanagara empire and the Chandragiri Nayakas gave the sultanate of Golconda a chance to expand into the Tamil heartland. [63][64] In 2003, the state had a total police population ratio of 1:668, higher than the national average of 1:717. One of the earliest regional parties, the South Indian Welfare Association, a forerunner to Dravidian parties in Tamil Nadu, was started in 1916. [137] Tamil television serials form a major prime time source of entertainment and are directed usually by one director unlike American television series, where often several directors and writers work together. From the current 17MW installed solar power, Tamil Nadu state government's new policy aims to increase the installed capacity to 3000MW by 2016. [105][106] It is one of the oldest Indian literature amongst all others. [103], Tamil written literature has existed for over 2,000 years. They reconstructed some of the well-known temples in Tamil Nadu such as the Meenakshi Temple. The Thiruvalluvar calendar is 31 years ahead of the Gregorian calendar, i.e. This was due to the fact that electric carbons were used for motion picture projectors. During the 13th century, Marco Polo mentioned the Pandyas as the richest empire in existence. Other major Hindu festivals including Deepavali (Death of Narakasura), Ayudha Poojai, Saraswathi Poojai (Dasara), Krishna Jayanthi and Vinayaka Chathurthi are also celebrated. Tamil Nadu has a network of about 113 industrial parks and estates offering developed plots with supporting infrastructure. The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative ranks Tamil Nadu to have a Multidimensional Poverty Index of 0.141, which is in the level of Ghana among the developing countries. Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. M.G. The World Bank is currently assisting the state in reducing poverty, high drop-out and low completion of secondary schools continue to hinder the quality of training in the population. Tamil Nadu's sugarcane yield per hectare is the highest in India. A large part of the government records like land ownership records are digitised and all major offices of the state government like Urban Local Bodies – all the corporations and municipal office activities – revenue collection, land registration offices, and transport offices have been computerised. The app cover whole topics related to Tamil Nadu timeline, Tamil Nadu facts, and India history. Tamil Nadu staat bekend om de vele hindoetempels van de Dravidische architectuur, zoals in de stad Madurai.. Er worden jaarlijks veel Tamilfilms uitgebracht door de filmindustrie in Madras, waardoor de filmindustrie ook wel bekendstaat als Kollywood (vernoemd naar de plaats Kodambakkam bij Madras waar veel filmstudio's staan). Modern History of Tamil Nadu, Geographical History of Tamil nadu. The famine led to the migration of people as bonded labourers for the British to various countries which eventually formed the present Tamil diaspora. One of the basic limitations for improvement in education in the state is the rate of absence of teachers in public schools, which at 21.4 per cent is significant. History of Tamil Nadu A temple from the Chola period. Sir where can i … Rajaraja Chola I and his son Rajendra Chola built temples such as the Brihadeshvara Temple of Thanjavur and Brihadeshvara Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram, the Airavatesvara Temple of Darasuram and the Sarabeswara (Shiva) Temple, also called the Kampahareswarar Temple at Thirubhuvanam, the last two temples being located near Kumbakonam. History of Muslim Invasion in Tamilnadu. Architecture from Chola period From left to right: A State flag for Tamil Nadu was unilaterally proposed by the Government of Tamil Nadu in 1970. [220] The state boasts some of the grand Hindu temples built-in Dravidian architecture. Airtel Broadband,[191] Act Broadband[192] BSNL, Hathway[193] and few others are providing high speed Fiber Optic broadband connection in many cities & rural areas across Tamil Nadu. [182] The major road junctions are Chennai, Vellore, Madurai, Trichy, Coimbatore, Tiruppur, Salem, Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi, Karur, Kumbakonam, Krishnagiri, Dindigul and Kanniyakumari. Tamil architecture reached its peak during Pallava rule. There are 2,614 Hand Processing Units (25 per cent of total units in the country) and 985 Power Processing Units (40 per cent of total units in the country) in Tamil Nadu. Reply . The region of Tamil Nadu indicates historical records of human habitation at least for 3,800 years. History of Tamil Nadu: From 1529 A.D. to 1801 A.D.: Manoranjithamoni, Dr Mrs C: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. Tamil Nadu (Tamil: [ˈtamiɻ ˈnaːɽɯ] (listen)) is one of the 28 states of India. According to estimates, about 50 per cent of the human resources required for the IT and ITES industry was being sourced from the state. The number of deaths at areas decreased from 1,053 in 2011 to 881 in 2012 and 867 in 2013.[183]. They had extensive trade links with the southeast Asian maritime empires of Srivijaya and their successors, as well as contacts, even formal diplomatic contacts, reaching as far as the Roman Empire. [47] They formed a coalition with Dheeran Chinnamalai and Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja which fought the British in Second Polygar Wars. After the demise of C. N. Annadurai, M. Karunanidhi became the leader of the party which was supported by majority leaders including then famous actor M. G. Ramachandran. Over 11% of the S&P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Tamil Nadu. Some of the notable educational institutes present in Tamil Nadu are Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Anna University, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, College of Engineering, Guindy, Madras Institute of Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore Institute of Technology, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore, Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Tamil Nadu National Law University, Government Law College, Coimbatore, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Madras Medical College, Stanley Medical College, Madras Veterinary College, University of Madras, Vellore Institute of Technology, Kumaraguru College of Technology, Coimbatore Medical College and Institute of Road and Transport Technology.

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