My personal favorite and if there was a “Goldilocks” round, this would be it. If you want to jump ahead, check out our suggestion for the Best Place to Buy Ammo Online. It is a .284 bullet diameter that is usually 150-175 gr. The first graphic is better captioned as “Common Cartridge Sizes.” A bullet is a component. Awesome, thanks so much for the kind words, and glad we could help! As a rule the faster the muzzle velocity the shorter the bullets time in flight and there for a flatter trajectory and less drop. Red Oak, White, or Chestnut for Deer Herd? Could this have caused some kind of damage? Shotgun ammunition is the most versatile with three main types of loads. Any ideas on what caliber of bullet this antique Smith and Wesson made in Spain in the 1930's might actually use? Complete ammunition ballistics charts. I am a bit confused about the actual dimensions of the .380 & the 9mm "short" cartridges. Personally, I would never use a gun with anything smaller than a .380 as my primary carry weapon. They can kill, don’t get me wrong, but they’re mostly for killing rats, snakes, and birds. Rifles and rifle cartridges can be fired at ranges that handguns were not … I’m a veteran who came back to shooting about 2 years ago after a 35 year hiatus. It’s huge and has huge recoil with awesome range (confirmed kills at 2000m+), and you definitely don’t want to be on the receiving end of the bullet. Slightly smaller and the .30 Caliber carbine was used way past Korea, up to the late mid-60's in the Vietnam war. By Chuck Hawks. The .357 Magnum is identical to the round except for being slightly longer. Get proficient on YOUR time. is comparable only in 2 - 3" barrels, and even then not in all loadings. Great explanation on caliber and ammo types for this noob, thanks! I was in the navy.Our guns shot 5in 54 rds.What is the decimal for a 5in 54compared to a 38rd. Absolutely safe, At least, as safe as anything else. .44 Mag is a good deal more powerful than .45 ACP, but it has a rimmed cartridge so it is almost only used in lever-action rifles and revolvers. Well hell, I'll just go ahead and echo what a lot of others are saying: thanks dude; extremely accessible and precisely the information I was desirous of. Do you have a reco for a holster for Walther .22 PPQ? For guns, “caliber” means the diameter of the barrel and thus the diameter of the bullet that is going through it. Great for the range but not preferred for defensive rounds. Plus…one of the most popular heavier caliber machine gun and sniper rounds for many militaries around the world. Weights of the bullet can vary from 155 to 165 and 180 gr. But I plan to get just one handgun for sport and self-defense, so I'm hoping to have 9mm instead since I don't want to own more than 1 gun. once you figure it out you would no longer be confused on how they arrived in sizing...the bullet.. Hey Jerry, I believe the 9mm is slightly less diameter than the .380 so there will be some play there. The trajectories in the table below were calculated for a maximum bullet rise of 1.5 inches above the line of sight for all small game and varmint loads, and three inches above the line of sight for all big game loads. Loved the article as a noobie to the sport always looking for new informative articles to read. Written article on caliber sizes. I'm a writer and I hadn't been able to find anything online with easy to understand information until I found this. Hi JR, thanks so much and glad I could help you out! However, they don’t have the spread of birdshot or buckshot. You need to check it out on the RIA website. Here’s some expended casings from a rimfire vs centerfire. THANKS FOR THE REVIEW RON///////. There is no rhyme nor reason related to a standardization of bullet or gun identities. Cartridge and reloading info can be found at Accurate Reloading This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 11:12 (UTC). It has a longer cartridge and more powder in said cartridge but it is a slower, heavier bullet than the 9mm. Is the 6.1x6 the same as a 9mm thanks Dan. Bullet Ballistics & Charts. But the .38 will fit and shoot in the .357 Magunm, both in the Double action and the Single action. First things first,purpose of round.25 acp was designed for the baby browning,which I can palm completely in my boney hands and when you walked past a nazi officer you could feign a heil Hitler and pop a round into his forehead from mere inches away and keep walking. Please do more. Also, I know for home defense is a hollow point, but does the grain weight matter at extreme close range? XTP I think is just a brand from Hornady that stand for "Extreme Terminal Performance". If you are planning to use a handgun ad your only weapon I would suggest th S&W 500 or a Dessert Eagle 50 cal. Hi Joe, good question…HP stands for hollow point while JHP stands for jacketed hollow point. I don't know of any connection Minie balls had with other machinery or technology, but war and researching for weapons have resulted in loads of other unrelated advancements. Its stopping power is renowned and has a nostalgic following. Clear, simple and concise. Ballistic Charts. "I can tell you from personal experience that this is not a round to hand to someone who’s never fired a gun before." This tool allows you to compare rifle ammo sizes, power, speed, energy, and more. Make sense? Things got even crazier when I started to look at rifles…. Hey John, yup! I hope my advice helps . I would never have understood any of this, though I have heard many of the terms used. Typically the bullets are also around 150-175 gr.. Thanks for the very good rundown on bullet types. Because of the nature of the bullet and the guns that shoot it, it’s going to be relatively useless beyond close-ish range. As long as you think safe and practice safety it is more safe than bleach or laundry packets. I've read that cartridge casings occasionally are made out of different materials, wouldn't that require different dimensions? bravo, finally a quick reference guide to go in my saved file. Rimfires are extremely cheap (few cents each) and the .22LR is the most popular rimfire caliber. See how the 6.5 CM compares to the Classic 308 Win in the 6.5 creedmoor vs 308 ballistics chart! By flying. It has manageable recoil but is still quite a handful when in a very light/small revolver. This poster is full color - 36" wide by 24" tall and includes all American Standardized Cartridges (Rifle, Handgun, and Shotgun) available in the USA as of 2020 . Your picture of a .50 caliber bullet makes it look no bigger than a 30-06. there is a huge difference you can not see in your so called photos. It's actually about .36 caliber. It can render single or multiple values in a series and show comparison values, different targets, and performance areas. That means I avoid certain neighborhoods and avoid places at certain hours. There is a high availability of military surplus ammo which makes the round very affordable. Great Article! We took it to the police in the days when they still used .38's and the cop took a cartridge from his speed loader. When we talk about the size of a bullet, we probably also need to look at the rim of a bullet. The manufacturing process for open tip bullets creates a more consistent round than FMJ. It shoots great out of my RIA 1911 with 5in barrel, sometimes you get a fireball. It shoots slower and has a more parabolic trajectory. I thank the author and I am glad I read it. Excellent article! More like up to $5 a piece. Because, why wouldn't you want overwhelming devastation and the ability to hit whatever your target when it is behind a tree and a car, wearing a bullet proof vest. In terms of defense, what round type or classification would be best for close quarters (townhouse) with less wall penetration? Furthermore, it's available in lead hollow point which MIGHT expand some at handgun velocities, whereas the .25 is fully-jacketed. And I have so many questions. Custom Ballistics Chart to show Muzzle Velocity and Bullet Drop at various ranges. Thanks. .44 Magnum is a great choice for a lever-action rifle or for a bear-defense revolver! The 32 acp is making a comeback like the Beretta 3032 and Kal-tek P32. Like always very detailed and accurate. And xtp? The .500 Smith and Wesson handgun round is relatively new, can be hidden in a mans hand, and is for pistols. Life is much easier if I'm not in a situation where I need a gun. All the ballistics from all manufacturers, finally... in one place. The difference between the three is the amount of gunpowder behind it and possibly bullet weight. Click on the ammo / round / cartridge link and get full details on the round including history and usage all details hand written. Thanks! Are they the exact same size? There was so much great infomation. Perfect. I have book marked this page as I am sure I will re-read it many more times until it all stays in my memory banks. Great data, I try to remember this stuff but I need reminders like this, Well done. With 9mm rounds being smaller than .45 you are going to fit more 9mm into a cartridge than the .45 rounds. It is the ammunition used in the M16/M4/AR-15 line of rifles and there’s still endless debate on its effectiveness in combat. /* Ballistics */ Birdshot consists of the top row and is pretty small pellets numbering in the dozens in each shell. Complete, concise and easy to follow! Please bookmark this page, like it, share it, and tell your friends. Great analysis and easy to read. Like the bound and eBook versions, the Hornady® Reloading App provides all the information needed to successfully reload a variety of rifle and handgun cartridges. I'm a firearms instructor, and have been for a number of disciplines, agencies, and years. Get Our Top Shooting Drills and Zeroing Targets ($47 value - but FREE for a limited time). Important when you’re shooting hundreds of yards! I will be a first time gun buyer, buying gun for protection. For an semi automatic . Great article. Never-the-less, the table below should give a reasonably accurate comparison of the recoil of most popular rifle cartridges. Thank you so much!! They are elongated and thinly proportioned. Question: I have a friend who re-loads bullets in his home in his spare time. If .357 rounds fit, is not the revolver ipso facto a .357? Rimfires are extremely cheap (few cents each) and the. Originally designed for the FBI as a reduced 10mm cartridge and popular with other law enforcement agencies ever since. The cartridge holds a bullet so I don't think Eric's wrong calling it a bullet cartridge, nor do I think you're wrong simply calling it a cartridge. Thank you Tomato/tomahto.... Good article,but you overlooked 3 rounds that are very common.The 22 magnum ,44 spcl,and 44 magnum. 500sw is bigger. I asked questions and they would address my husband with the answers!! I have been shooting all my life (north of 60 years), but being female, I get talked down to a lot and so just grab the ammo that is familiar to me and go. The article gives the impression that the two calibers are more or less comparable for self-defense. These three calibers will handle anything in North America . all the ammo stuff was slightly confusing, but your articles totally cleared it up. Thanks Designed in 1904 by Mr. John Browning himself for the famous 1911 pistol, this round has one heck of a history. The 7mm has far more recoil, and is better compared to a 300 Win Mag. Handgun Calibers Comparison: From Smallest to Largest [2020] Here are just a couple breakdowns of super popular calibers. Pro tip…if you can see a circle in the middle…it’s a centerfire cartridge. Finally someone who makes sense to me. Yeah, the 45 packs a wallop, but if you have a gun with enough heft, and you hold it firm, the punch is more like a push. Great article easy to read. Thankfully I was able to find another one that has been amazing! That's a long way to run and get tired before it kills you. You can see the difference in powders & bullets for each type. but you have to zoom the JPEGs to read them.... Should be capitalized as: Five-seveN (get it?). Almost all good self-defense ammo is JHP while there’s some unjacketed lead hollow points in revolver calibers (such as .38 Special). .44 Cal comes in two main flavors, .44 Magnum and .44 Special. Keep up the good work. Simply to my understanding, Each caliber size depends mainly on its diameter . I recently inherited a pump action Remington 760 in 300 savage caliber without any magazines. Ammo Description Velocity (fps) Energy (ft/lb) Trajectory Tables (inches) CARTRIDGE BULLET ITEM # MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd MUZ 100 yd 200 yd 300 yd 400 yd 500 yd M 223 Rem 68 gr. Learn more at, Bullets: Sizes, Calibers, and Types [Guide + Videos]. If I could attach the PDF I have of the 2015 FOIA request for the FBI's 9mm justification I would, but they make a very strong case that "stopping power is a myth" and when you're talking about neutralizing an attacker you're talking about 1) shot placement, and 2) the projectile. The .50 BMG was used in WWII up to today and is impossible to hide in your hand. The recoil is almost non-existent which makes it a great starter round for someone who has never shot a gun or is uncomfortable with the noise. Thank you. Now I finally feel I understand some of what he talks about. The .50 BMG (Browning Machine Gun) and the Smith and Wesson pistol 500 should say it. Now we’re getting into slightly beefier sizes. Loyal fan of your website. Great article. Hi Richey, thanks for your comment. Gun author Massad Ayoob once said of the .380 “Some experts will say it’s barely adequate, and others will say it’s barely inadequate.”  This is a low power round. Al. Well written article, enjoyed reading it.

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