0000268565 00000 n According to the IUCN Red List, the total Arabian oryx population size is around 1,000 individuals. Starting with nine animals, the Phoenix Zoo has had over 240 successful births. Thanks to the program, the Arabian oryx was upgraded to "endangered" by 1986, a status the species held until this latest upgrade. However, poaching intensified and continued through late 1996 and 1997. 10 . In 1996, the population of the Arabian Oryx in the site, was at 450 but it has since dwindled to 65 with only about four breeding pairs making its future viability uncertain. There is a collection of about 10,000 images from camera traps for the period from 2009 - 2019. 30 0 obj <> endobj The Arabian oryx is highly specialized for its environment; its white fur reflects light and its hooves have adapted to withstand the desert heat. 0000001997 00000 n Annual hunts for the oryx began in 1974 and continue to this day to help control and stabilize the population. There are approximately 2000 individual in the Arabian Oryx population of Dubai this comprises collections under intensive management as well as populations in extensive Protected areas. Reintroductions started in 1982 in Oman. While there are approximately 1,220 wild oryx across the Arabian Peninsula, the population is considered stable, hence the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) status designation of “Vulnerable” as of 2020. REFERENCES [1] D. S. Henderson, “Were they the last Arabian Oryx”. 0000011976 00000 n In some species, the horns grow nearly five feet long! In 2019, there are approx. 2�U�"�B"����bdmp� d���(���@@�q#�Y�&���%��#X Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed AL Nahyan President of the UAE for his endless support for this project. 0000229275 00000 n (Related: "Most Captive-Born Predators Die If Released." The recovery of Arabian oryx is the first time that a mammal previously extinct in the wild has been recovered to the point where they were delisted – another great testament to the success of Operation Oryx. In fact, it is close to being upgraded to “Near Threatened.” Arabian oryx (n= 343) representing most of the major groups world‐wide were typed at six loci. Eight of them have been equipped by GPS-collars, data from which are archived in the database of the DDCR. The Arabian oryx is also the national animal of several other countries in the Middle East; Bahrain, Jordan, Oman, and Qatar. 0000267212 00000 n 0000011463 00000 n Many studies on captive and released oryx populations have been carried out over the last 20-30 years, producing a large amount of information on The Arabian oryx population on the site has been reduced from 450 in 1996 to only 65 in 2007. Oryx, 1974, 12:347–50. 2�v ifV�DXͮ iv�~��,�;7�f�; �U8� %PDF-1.6 %���� Complete genetic analysis on all of these samples. Interesting fact about Arabian Oryx. Today there are 1,000 animals in five countries Dubai (CNN) -- Forty years ago the Arabian oryx was extinct in the wild. Today, over 100 Arabian oryx have been returned to the wild in Oman and Jordan, while the captive population is over 600 animals. Population number. They will drink water when they find it, but can exist for weeks without it. Oryx population (N) at Shaumari Nature Reserve, Jordan, 1978-2005. Number of females: 170. As stated the goal will be to collect either Tissue or blood samples from 10% of the population as per the University of Edinburgh, Arabian Oryx Genetic Management – Sampling Protocol (attached). By royal decree, the Sultan started “Operation Oryx” to re-establish the Arabian Oryx population and reintroduce them into the wild. While doing research, I came upon the story of the Arabian Oryx reintroduction program. The Arabian oryx or white oryx (Oryx leucoryx) is a medium-sized antelope with a distinct shoulder bump, long, straight horns, and a tufted tail. 0000278237 00000 n Now, fewer than four breeding pairs are left on the site. Population. H��WK�7�ϯ��M. The data gathered from the genetic report will be utilized to develop a plan to maximize the genetic diversity of the Dubai oryx population. xref 0000278018 00000 n There are now an estimated 1,220 wild oryx across the Arabian Peninsula, in addition to between 6,000 and 7,000 in semi-captivity. The Lappet-faced Vulture, a regular winter visitor to the DDCR, has a wingspan of 2.5-3 metres (8-10 feet). 0000009000 00000 n Bring the species back from the state of Extinct in the wild and classified as Endangered by the IUCN Red List to having healthy re-introduced populations in a number of countries have led to a downgrade of its endangered status to Vulnerable. 0000228098 00000 n Samples will be collected from as many different herds as possible within each collection. Rob Ogden) Lunch and Prayer Break 12:15-13:15. This decline is due to poaching and habitat degradation. 0 Species Arabian oryx. 0000227843 00000 n 0000006678 00000 n startxref From Phoenix, Arabian oryxes were sent to other zoos and parks to start new her… 0000010602 00000 n As of 2009 there have been reintroductions in Oman, Saudi Arabia, Israel, the United Arab Emirates, and Jordan. Common Name in several languages English-Oryx Arabic, White Oryx French-Oryx Blanc, Oryx d’Arabie Spanish-Orix of Arabia Current species information Justification. Arabian oryx live in a variety of desert habitats including stony plains, wadis, and sand dunes. 3 Illustrates the distribution of Arabian oryx population based on Log likelihood values Location A Location B ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We thank H.H. This includes: approximately 50 oryx in Oman; approximately 600 oryx in Saudi Arabia; approximately 200 oryx in the United Arab Emirates; over 100 oryx in Israel and around 50 oryx in Jordan. Collect blood, Tissue or Plucked hair samples from 10% of the Dubai population. We have used an array of seven microsatellite loci to examine the molecular diversity in a representative population of 24 captive-bred and reintroduced Arabian oryx. Orux (Greek) a gazelle or antelope. The myth of the one-horned unicorn may be based on oryxes that have lost one horn. 0000012571 00000 n The DDCR has an Arabian oryx population of approximately 850 individuals, of which our survey methods were able to account for about 90%. 66 0 obj<>stream This move was a result of the Omani government’s decision to allow oil exploration on most of its area. Ascertain the genetic diversity of the Oryx population found within the Dubai Emirate. 0000288288 00000 n 0000001036 00000 n This will be completed by assessing the differences in genetic material between the different herds in Dubai as well as other populations with known genetics and developing a plan of exchange to maximize genetic diversity in the DDCR herd as well as the other herds in Dubai and the region. 0000005473 00000 n Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is located in western Asia with an estimated area of 830,000 square miles making it the fifth largest country in Asia with a population of 28.7 million. Recent development: NA Low but significant population differentiation was found between most oryx groups, suggesting that management of Arabian oryx has led to substantial genetic mixing between populations. Their horns are quite long, and grow vertically upwards, and slightly backward in some species. 0000007851 00000 n Design a genetic management program to enhance the genetic diversity of the Dubai population as well as contributing to other regional programs. Between 1996 and 2007, the numbers of Arabian oryx here fell from 450 to 65. More importantly, the data collected will allow their estimated distribution to be mapped within the reserve, providing the DDCR with data necessary for … This research aims to achieve the following; There are approximately 2000 individual in the Arabian Oryx population of Dubai this comprises collections under intensive management as well as populations in extensive Protected areas. 0000278758 00000 n All four species are relatively light colored, from the white/cream Arabian species to the tan/brown Gemsbok. endstream endobj 31 0 obj<>>>/StructTreeRoot 20 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 32 0 obj<>/Encoding<>>>>> endobj 33 0 obj<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 34 0 obj<> endobj 35 0 obj<>stream 0000012373 00000 n 400 Arabian Oryx on the territory of DDCR. Both males and females grow horns, though females’ horns are normally skinnier than males. At this time, populations in the United Arab Emirates and Jordan are still not considered in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List wild oryx count. trailer By September 1998 it had reduced the wild population to an estimated 138 animals, of which just 28 were females. 0000296183 00000 n 0000001610 00000 n The Phoenix Zoo and the Fauna and Flora Preservation Society of London (now Fauna and Flora International), with financial help from the World Wildlife Fund, are credited with saving the Arabian oryx from extinction. The Arabian oryx is one of the best desert-adapted large mammals, capable of living in a waterless, hot, high-wind habitat where few other species can survive. <<24B833D13A4CC742A092427DB6C75719>]>> First, a little history: the Arabian Oryx had been extinct in the wild by the 1960s. Aristotle and Pliny the Elder held that the oryx … The Arabian oryx is one of the threatened mammals of Saudi Arabia. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The locus-wise mean observed heterozygosity (0.601) was found to be comparatively higher … The population in Oman is still receiving supplementary forage, and the introduction into Jordan was after the last update of the Red List. Establish the level of genetic diversity within the Dubai population and measure it against the genetic diversity and maternal lines of genetically known populations. Utilize the genetic data to develop a strategy to improve the genetic quality of Dubai’s Arabian Oryx population. 30 37 The different species vary in siz… 0000001486 00000 n 0000288184 00000 n 0000267414 00000 n Since, the number increased constantly to reach a population of 6’000 Arabian oryx. The 2008 assessment indicated that the Arabian Oryx is no longer being classified for the hazard category according to criterion D on the basis of increasing numbers, and that D1 Vulnerable … 0000004287 00000 n Fun Fact. x�b```�^V�� c�r|t�1u\~(ԓ����]U����M��ק�DeK��kX�5Ɍl`А�;��A@����� Number of males: 151. A report will be prepared by University of Edinburgh, Conservation Genetics Lab. Total number of recorded Arabian Oryx: 401. 0000001956 00000 n Today, the UAE is home to over 10,000 Arabian Oryx, of which 5,000 are in Abu Dhabi. Number of unknown: 80. Arabian Oryx is classified as Endangered on the IUCN Red List and it has been listed on Appendix 1 of CITES since 1975. Over 1,000 Oryx have been reintroduced in the wild, and 6-7,000 live in captivity. Arabian Oryx population records at the Al Wadi Nature Reserve, UAE Driving Arabian Oryx conservation forward: best practices in genetic management for ungulate populations (Dr. 1. 0000010128 00000 n Leukos (Greek) white. The logistic model had an initial growth rate (R 0 ) of 23% as observed at Shaumari and an assumed maximum population (K) of 200. However it is important to now change the objective from reproduction to a sustainable population by ensuring we have the most genetically diverse and viable population possible to ensure their long term survival. These adaptations allow the animal to remain at a comfortable temperature in its habitat. 0000278344 00000 n 0000287960 00000 n Contribute to the regional efforts for the conservation of Arabian Oryx. 0000012163 00000 n Fig. This report will detail the results of the DNA extraction and sequencing, providing us with a genetic profile of the Arabian population within Dubai. In Dubai, this is the Dubai Desert Conservation Reserve (DDCR) that has been designed as a protected area of 225km2 and that is the only place where the Arabian Oryx can be seen. Tissue samples will be collected with a biopsy needle shot from a dart gun and blood samples will only be collected if the animals are being handled for other reasons. The General Secretariat for the Conservation of the Arabian Oryx … 0000009055 00000 n 0000296403 00000 n Over the past 20 years the breeding of Arabian Oryx has been very successful, both in Dubai and around the world. The Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx, Arabic: المها), became extinct in the wild in 1972 in the Arabian Peninsula.It was reintroduced in 1982 in Oman, but poaching has reduced its numbers there. Oryxes are large antelopeswith long, vertical horns. 0000003200 00000 n Along with individuals from a few European zoos, these oryx were placed in a breeding facility in the Phoenix Zoo (Arizona), where they successfully bred. 0000000016 00000 n Because the oryx is not native to this country, the National Park Service (NPS) is concerned about how this animal affects the native plants and animals of White Sands National Park. %%EOF In 1962, these groups started the first captive-breeding herd in any zoo, at the Phoenix Zoo, sometimes referred to as "Operation Oryx". T���Bgp2p+0r0�r|r�.`�#��A� �sP��0� Despite the poaching the population continued to increase and by October 1996 was estimated to be just over 400. 0000268116 00000 n 0000001357 00000 n

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