Sweet gum Liquidambar have photogenic leaves, and fruit. Use left and right arrows to navigate. L. styraciflua "Rotundiloba" is the name of a cultivar (specially/selectively breeded sub-species) of sweetgum that actually does not have these fruits. Sweet gum is a large tree with a long, cylindrical trunk, pyramidal crown, and corky wings on branches and twigs. It is easily recognized by its star-shaped leaves and its woody, spiny, ball-like fruit. It is characterized as having a buttressed base with a pyramidal or oval-shaped crown. The wood has been distributed and sold under the trade name of "satin-walnut". The leaves are lobed and the flowers are greenish - yellow. Ridges tend to form definitively for trees at about 25 years old. E.g., banana, ginger, turmeric, Canna. The species are unusual in having three distinct leaf patterns on the same plant: unlobed oval, bilobed (mitten-shaped), and trilobed (three-pronged); the leaves are hardly ever five-lobed. Young specimens may vary in form and be somewhat irregular. Sweetgum is a favorite ornamental and landscape tree due to its beautiful, glossy leaves, brilliant fall color, and because it makes a good shade tree. If injury is caused by leaf miner the browned upper and lower leaf surfaces will be completely separate when the leaf is torn in two. The bark of the American sweetgum is a gray-brown color, and becomes more and more ridged/fissured with increasing age. In this type of venation there is a prominent vein called the midrib from which arise many small veins which finally form a net like structure in the lamina. b. The paired "beaks" open to release the seeds. Sweetgum grows in a narrow pyramid to a height of 75 feet and may spread to 50 feet. From March to April, meiosis occurs to produce haploid gametes, with pollen dispersal occurring afterward. The 5-lobes are rounded at the tips. The sweetgum is a typical southern bottomland tree that occurs most abundantly on moist, rich, alluvial soils in association with many other species in valleys, swamps, and near ponds and streams. A leaf showing the autumn color of sweetgum. The twigs and branches are quite break-resistant. Liquidambar (Sweet gum) photos, mostly close-ups. A sweetgum fruit. The beautifully glossy, star-shaped leaves turn bright red, purple, yellow or orange in the fall (USDA hardiness zones 6 and 7) and early winter (USDA hardiness zones 8 and 9). Diseases of a sweet gum tree (Liquidambar styraciflua) come in many forms, with the majority as fungal infections. This tree is often planted in parks where its height, ranging from 70-120 feet, and sprawling branches, spreading 40-50 feet, create shade for visitors. It is used for its lumber, and is one of the most common sources of hardwood and plywood, but also produces spectacular colors as it drops its leaves in the fall. The sweetgum is a valuable commercial hardwood, second in production only to oaks among the hardwoods. Leaf apex very gradually narrows into a fine tip, base shape is uneven (oblique). ), but can grow as far south as central Florida and eastern Texas, and as far west as Missouri and Oklahoma. The female structure is what hardens up into what are colloquially known as "gum balls," discussed further in the following section on sweetgum fruit. Along the rivers of the south-eastern United States, Sweet gums exceed 125 ft. in height and 4 ft. in diameter. The sweetgum is also found in central America, including Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. The underside and upper side of sweetgum leaves. The sweetgum is a fast-growing tree that develops a significant taproot that tolerate high moisture levels in soil. The true seeds are winged and wind-dispersed when they leave the capsules. Fall color is variable and can be yellow to reds. Formosa Sweetgum has a wide, pyramidal shape when young but eventually grows to a rounded or irregular form, reaching 40 to 60 feet in height with a 35 to 45-foot spread. They are more or less covered with corky outgrowths, which may become large and wing-like after a season or two. These flower structures are quite flowers and can be easily damaged in the cold. The insects feed on leaves inside the nest. Non-showy, monoecious, yellow-green flowers appear in spherical clusters in April-May. All parts of the plants are fragrant. It ranges from the southwestern part of Connecticut to central Florida, west to Texas and north to Southern Illinois. Early Pioneers used to make chewing gum. Privacy policy. There are two classifications you need to know for tree identification: Pinnate Venation: The veins extend from the midrib to the leaf margin. See here for my Liquidambar set. The flowers of the American sweetgum bloom from March to May, and since the species is monoecious, the trees contain both pistillate and staminate flowers, but each flower contains one or the other sexual reproductive parts (i.e., a single flower doesn't have both pistil and stamen). The deeply cut grey or … On some trees, particularly in the northern part of its range, branches are covered with characteristic corky projections. Leaves are fragrant … Male flowers tend to sit above the leaves, while female flowers tend to hand below them. It is a deciduous tree that can be found in southeastern U.S., as well as southern Mexico and Central America. The bark on the sweetgum tree is gray and deeply furrowed, separated by narrow scaly ridges. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. The leaves are unpleasantly aromatic if crushed or bruised. Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. a gallery curated by Martin LaBar. Description. The American sweetgum is primarily distributed in the eastern and southern regions of the United States. Sweet gums are large trees that bear alternate, sharply (three- to seven-lobed) palmate leaves.The plants produce upright spikes of greenish male flowers and round drooping clusters of female flowers on the same tree.The fruits are spiny dark brown balls known as an aggregate of capsules.Each capsule contains several small seeds, and the fruits often persist through the winter. The sweetgum is a valuable commercial hardwood, second in production only to oaks among the hardwoods. Leaves are fragrant when bruised. Sweetgum leaves tend to have 5 lobes, arranged in a star-like shape, with palmate venation (which means that each vein has roughly the same size through each lobe). The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. usa, washington state, kitsap county, seabeck, guillemot cove nature reserve, sweet gum leaves glowing in sun - sweet gum tree stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images. Understanding different diseases, their symptoms, and how to prevent and manage them will provide a bit of peace of mind. Sweetgum leaves are star-shaped with five (sometimes seven) long, pointed lobes whose veins connect to a notched base. Photo credit: Franklin Bonner, USFS (ret. The seeds of the sweetgum are eaten by birds, squirrels, and chipmunks. The sweetgum tree can withstand a wide range of temperatures, given that winter temperatures in the Northeast can get below freezing and summer temperatures can near 100 degrees Farenheit. The "gum balls," as described above, develop from female flower when they dry up and fall to the ground. It grows in Connecticut (obviously! Leaf petioles are slender, often 4 inches or more in length. It can be especially resistant to attack by insects, which makes them very helpful trees in reforestation projects and reclamations of former mineral mines. See more pictures of trees. The pith is homogeneous and star-shaped. Each leaf blade tends to be 4-8 inches, and the edges are serrated, meaning slightly jagged/notched around each leaf's border. Leaf Description: 4-8 inch wide and long star-shaped leaves are alternate, simple and entire with palmate venation. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be sandy - loamy to loamy. These fruits can litter the ground and are sometimes understood as a safety hazard. Leaf Length: 3-6 inches Leaf Width: 3-6 inches Leaf Description: The Sweetgum tree has alternate, simple, serrate, palmate venation, glossy, deciduous, long-stalked, deep green leaves (4-8” across) with toothed margins. The wood is also used as paper pulp and to make baskets. Any remaining, unfertilized ovules are unwinged and rain down from the tree, providing food for wildlife. Sweetgum grows in a narrow pyramid to a height of 75 feet and may spread to 50 feet (Fig. The fruit is a spherical, woody head composed of many capsules. Sweetgum trees only begin to flower at maturity around 20-30 years old. A study in 97 people found those who chewed gum with eucalyptus leaf extract 5 times per day for at least 5 minutes had a significant decrease in plaque buildup, gum bleeding, and gum … Although native to eastern North America, it is widely planted throughout the continent in its range. The leaves are star-shaped with 5 to 7 deeply palmate, pointed lobes. Facts on the Sweet Gum Tree. Leaf miner causes brown blotches on leaves. After dormancy, the small green flowers of the sweetgum begin to bloom from March to May. Sweetgum leaves tend to have 5 lobes, arranged in a star-like shape, with palmate venation (which means that each vein has roughly the same size through each lobe).

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