Load Case I: U = 1.4D 757 kip Load Case II: U = 1.2D + 1.6L q = 6.7 ksf Load Case IV: U = 1.2D + E + L Load Case IV: U = 0.9D + E The load combinations includes the seismic uplift force. They can only be found in ULS combinations. Size the Footing at the Service Limit State Determine the Nominal Bearing & Sliding Resistance at the Loads and Load Combinations Factor Loads for Each Combination. The design data shall be as follows: Live load : 4.0 kN/m2 at typical floor : 1.5 kN/m2 on terrace Floor finish : 1.0 kN/m2 Water proofing : 2.0 kN/m2 Terrace finish : 1.0 kN/m2 Location : Vadodara city Wind load : As per IS: 875-Not designed for wind load, since earthquake loads exceed the wind loads. • Understand the context for the code, and the essential differences between Eurocode 2 and BS 8110 in practice. OPERATING 1.5 * (DL + LL + ELo) 1.5 * (DL + ELo ±WL) 1.2 * (DL + LL + ELo) ±0.6 * WL 0.9 * (DL + ELo) ±1.5 * WL 1.5 * (DL + ELo + SL) 1.2 * (DL + LL + ELo) ±0.6 * SL. LOAD CONDITION LOAD COMBINATION. Determine Design Soil Properties & Resistance Factors Check Global Stability at the Service Limit State Determine the Nominal Geotechnical Bearing Resistance at the Service Limit State. 1.2G + 1.6Q L + 0.5Q S. The load type “Snow” is sub-categorized into “snow”, “roof live”, and … The load combination used for The Foundation Design: Anchorage Ta- • Have experience in design to Eurocode 2 requirements. roof LL). 1.2G + 1.6Q L + 0.5Q S. The load type Q S “Snow” is sub-categorized into “snow”, “roof live”, and “rain”. For combinations including lateral loads, the notional loads are added to the other lateral loads. In this example, uplift does not occur. Selecting this load combination will automatically create 3 load combination equations due to the use of “or” in the combination. Notional loads are required to be added to all load combinations. –. Load Combination 16­1 1.4(D + F) 16­2 1.2(D + F) + 1.6(L + H) + 0.5(L r or S or R) 16­3 1.2(D + F) + 1.6(L r or S or R) + 1.6H + (ƒ 1 L or 0.5W) 16­4 1.2(D + F) + 1.0W + ƒ 1 L + 1.6H + 0.5(L r or S or R) 16­5 1.2(D + F) + 1.0E + ƒ 1 L + 1.6H + ƒ 2 S The resulting combination of service loads, each multiplied by its respective load factor, is called a factored load. Table 2.2 Summary of Load Combinations Using Strength Design or Load and Resistance Factor Design (IBC 1605.2) IBC Equation No. Hi. Check Box - Set the check boxes of the combinations that you want to use. The service load combination for consideration of settlement is D+ L. Considering the load combinations for strength design defined in Section 2.3.2 of the Standard, the controlling gravity load combination is 1.2D+ 1.6L. You may use SHFT + mouse click or CTRL + mouse click to select the cases. A load combination results when more than one load type acts on the structure. • Know your way around Eurocode 2: Parts 1-1 & 1-2, General design rules and fire design. U = 1.2D + 1.6L + 0.5 (L r or S or R) Eq. W - wind load is based on the pressure of the wind acting horizontally on all components Use the load combinations and factors from AASHTO LTS T3.4-1 for all loads acting on the sign structure. Using ASD LC-2, the combined design load equals the dead load plus the live load, or 11.0 kips. The most common LRFD load combination is 1.2D + 1.6L. Loads - Load Combinations During solution the model is loaded with a combination of factored Load Categories and/or Basic Load Cases, both of which are defined on the Basic Load Cases Spreadsheet.These combinations, load factors, and other parameters are defined on the Load Combinations Spreadsheet.Most standard load combinations are included in the program. Regardless of which load combinations are used to design for strength, where overall structure stability (such as stability against overturning, sliding, or buoyancy) is being verified, use of the load combinations specified in Section 1605.2 or 1605.3 shall be permitted. D : (12-7) D + L + (Lr or S) : (12-8) 2. Calculate loads from structure, surcharge, active & passive pressures, etc. The strength design load combinations and the first set of allowable stress design load combinations, found in Section 1605.3.1, are labeled as the “basic load combinations”. Select the load cases or combinations. The load combination used for The Foundation Design Footing Tables (Appendix B, Part 1) is: DL (heavy) + LL (occupancy) + LL (attic) + SL (or min. These basic load combinations align closely with the load combinations found in ASCE 7. ASDIP FOUNDATION includes the design of uplift footings and other loads per the latest ACI 318 provisions and ASCE 7 load combinations. For example, in designing a staircase, a dead load factor may be 1.2 times the weight of the structure, and a live load factor may be 1.6 times the maximum expected live load. ASD Load Combinations . For service load combinations, the default starts with 101 and for ultimate load combinations, the default starts with 201. Type. The following assumptions for load combinations in foundation design have been adopted: In a single run of limit state verification, all effects of the same impact are multiplied by the same safety factor A soil load acts stabilizing on a foundation A dead load on the backfill acts stabilizing on a foundation. Strength Design Load Combinations IBC section 1605.2.1 and ASCE 7 section 2.3 provide load combinations for use with strength design and resistance factor design (their wording). provides two sets of load combinations for allowable stress design. 9-2. This is also known as service load combinations. Chapter 8 Foundation Design 8.1 Overview This chapter covers the geotechnical design of bridge foundations, cut-and-cover ... • Anticipated foundation loads (including load factors and load groups used). Choose the appropriate radio button and press Batch Apply as shown in the next picture; The Load Case Type for all selected load cases ( or combinations ) … With multiple load cases ( or load combinations) selected, you will be given the option to set the Load Case Type ( or Load Combination type). ... field testing, and the laboratory testing are to be used separately or in combination to establish properties for design. • … Ian S. McFarlane, P.E., is a Senior Design Engineer at Magnusson Klemencic Associates (MKA), a structural and civil engineering firm headquartered in Seattle, Washington. • ASCE Load Combinations . LOAD COMBINATIONS FOR POST-TENSIONED MAT SLABS1 Bijan O Aalami2 First draft May 28, 2013 This Technical Note pertains to the design of post-tensioned mat slab foundations, also referred to as raft foundations. The preliminary size of the footing is determined considering settlement. However, when the ratio of second-order deflection to the first-order deflection (2/1) is less than 1.5, the notional loads only need to be added to gravity only combinations. §6.6 Serviceability limit state design (30) §6.7 Foundations on rock; additional design considerations (3) §6.8 Structural design of foundations (6) §6.9 Preparation of the subsoil (2) Section 6 of EN 1997-1 applies to pad, strip, and raft foundations and some provisions may be applied to deep foundations… For foundation design, loads are factored after distribution through structural analysis or modeling. D + L = 150 k (vert) D + 0.75 (L + 0.7 E) = 145.5 k (vert ) = 16.9 k (horiz) D – 0.7 E = = 107 k (vert) = 21 k (horiz) USD Load Combinations 1.2 D + 1.6 L = 200 k (vert) 1.2 D + L + 1.0 E = 180 k (vert ) = 30 k (horiz) 0.9 D – 1.0 E = = 80 k (vert) Steel uses the term LRFD (load resistance factored design) and concrete uses USD (ultimate strength design) for “strength design”. For Structural Steel Design: Limit State Of Strength. Building codes usually specify a variety of load combinations together with load factors (weightings) for each load type in order to ensure the safety of the structure under different maximum expected loading scenarios. After generating automatic code combinations as per LRFD, i can't find the seismic loads in any of the SLS combinations. Footing Size. 2. • The largest values determined in this manner are used to compute the moments, shears, and other effects on the structure. factored loads. I transfered to ACI and used ACC loads, but still i don't get any service combinations including seismic loads. Appropriate load combinations have been selected from ASCE 7-93 for allowable stress design as follows: 1. Alternative basic load combinations of IBC Section 1605.3.2 (allowable stress design): Dead load plus live load plus either roof live load, snow load, or rain load… Foundation Design Generalized Design Steps Design of foundations with variable conditions and variable types of foundation structures will be different, but there are steps that are typical to every design, including: 1. When allowable stress design (working stress design) is used, the following are the load combination to consider. These two "factored loads" are combined (ad… It covers the slabs that rest on compression only soils, and are typically loaded with column and wall loads from above. The factor for dead load (1.0) is the same as the factor for live load (1.0), hence not accounting for the fact that the dead load is more predictable than the live load. 3.5 Load Factors and Load Combinations. 1The load combinations and factors are intended to apply to nominal design loads defined as follows: D = estimated mean dead weight of the construction; H = design lateral pressure for soil condition/type; L = design floor live load; Lr = maximum roof live load anticipated In Load Combination 8 (IBC load combination 16-16), the dead load factor may be increased to 0.9 for special reinforced masonry shear walls. U = 1.4D = 1.4(541 kip) = 757 kip 2 q = 5.3 ksf 144 ft u = 1.2D + 1.6L = 1.2(541 kip) + 1.6(194 ) = 960kip 2 960 kip 144 ft u Regardless of which load combinations are used to design for strength, where overall structure stability (such as stability against overturning, sliding, or buoyancy) is being verified, use of the load combinations specified in Section 1605.2 or 1605.3 shall be permitted. LOAD CONDITION LOAD COMBINATION. He is the firm’s in-house foundation design specialist, and has experience designing a number of building types including high-rise residential towers, healthcare, and The limit states load combinations, and load factors (γ. i) used for structural design are in accordance with the AASHTO LRFD Table 3.4.1-1. The reason is that the allowable ground bearing capacity is already given a factor of safety of 3 or 4, so there is no more need to use factored loads. 1.4G.

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