venography A wormlike "pouch" several inches long located near the beginning of the large intestine, in the lower right portion of the abdomen. A mild cathartic; a remedy that moves the bowels slightly without pain or violent action. computed tomography (CT) angiography For details see the Catheter Angiography page. Also called seed implantation. Also known as radioactive iodine uptake test (RAIU). transducer See contrast material. portal vein A condition in which stomach acid leaks into the esophagus. cluster headache This tract is part of the digestive system, a complex process that enables the body to break down and absorb food and eliminate waste. Qualified medical physicists are responsible for developing and directing quality control programs for equipment and procedures. pericardial effusion Examination of a body cavity such as the pelvis using an illuminated tube that is inserted through a small incision. Also known as mild traumatic brain injury. A test in which a barium solution and air are introduced into the colon and a series of x-rays are taken of the entire colon and rectum. M The base of the brain consisting of stems connected to the spinal cord. Radiography of the bladder, following injection of a radiopaque substance. respiratory therapy One of two female reproductive glands that contain the ova, or eggs, that are released during ovulation; the fallopian tubes connect the ovaries and the uterus. They are often found on the face in many sizes and shapes and are usually blue, red, or purple. The determination of the location of a tumor, disease or other morbid process. A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) available over-the-counter. It can also refer to the cervix as it relates to cervical cancer. The surgical removal of one or both ovaries. A very high frequency form of electromagnetic radiation that consists of photons emitted by radioactive elements. An x-ray procedure that uses multiple coordinates to precisely determine the location of a tumor or nodule so that a tissue sample may be obtained. It may remain in place for several months so that blood can be repeatedly drawn or medication and nutrients can be routinely injected into the patient’s bloodstream. jaundice The removal of cells from the surface or interior of a woman’s cervix for examination under a microscope; used to help detect cervical cancer. The genital canal in the female, extending from the uterus to the vulva. hyperfractionation radiodense markers It secretes the bile and is also of great importance in both carbohydrate and protein metabolism. A passing through the skin, as in absorption of an ointment containing the active ingredient; also passage through the skin by needle puncture, including introduction of wires and catheters. implanted cardiac defibrillator (ICD) perforation See permanent brachytherapy. In spinal epidural hematoma, the bleeding into the space between the spinal column and the outer lining of the spinal cord may be a result of trauma, bleeding disorders, underlying vascular abnormalities or may occur spontaneously. ferromagnetic A flexible, hollow plastic or rubber tube that may be passed into a blood vessel to withdraw fluids or inject medicine or contrast materials. No ionizing radiation is involved in ultrasound imaging. Also called radioactive substance. Radiology, branch of medicine using radiation for the diagnosis and treatment of disease. A condition in which stomach contents (food or acids) move up into the esophagus, the passageway between the stomach and the mouth, and is tasted in the mouth. becquerel (Bq) See the Osteoporosis page for additional information. Cramp-like pain that comes and goes, and is made worse by physical effort. Radiology is one of the most technologically advanced fields in medicine. A ballooning out of a segment of artery caused by disease or weakness in the vessel wall (called an aneurysm) that occurs in the portion of the aorta that runs through the abdomen. In men, the urethra carries semen from the prostate and other sex glands out of the body through the penis. X-ray imaging of the veins following contrast material injection into the veins. A tumor of the prostate gland, which is located in front of a man's rectum and below the bladder. The muscular walls of the uterus. hospice short-bore MRI system Serious complications may occur, and some patients require surgical removal of the affected part of the lungs. transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) It is shaped like a butterfly, with two lobes on either side of the neck connected by a narrow band of tissue. endorectal MRI Also called radioiodine I-131. While the local area affected by the anesthetic becomes numb, the patient remains awake and responsive. lymph Alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) A wire coil that is inserted through a small plastic tube into the rectum as part of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exam to obtain more detailed images of the prostate gland or other internal body structures. Its purpose is to identify spinal lesions caused by disease or injury. Before we discuss radiology terminology in detail, let’s dispel the common misconception that radiology is limited to X-rays, CT scans and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) exams. The major artery supplying the kidney. A preparation that involves injecting liquid into the intestine through the rectum, or administering drugs or food to help clear the bowel. Often referred to as a mini stroke, a TIA is a temporary blockage in blood flow to parts of the brain, usually due to plaque or a blood clot. bullae A tooth compressed between the jaw and another tooth that fails to fully erupt through the surface of the gums. Crohn's disease proctoscopy The spread of a disease process from one part of the body to another, as in the appearance of abnormal tissue growths (malignant or nonmalignant) in parts of the body remote from the site of the primary tumor. Dosimetrists work with the doctor and the medical physicist to choose the treatment plan that is just right for each patient. splenoportography sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) radon An x-ray taken after injecting contrast material into the space surrounding the spinal cord. Dietitians educate patients and may provide them with recipes and nutritional supplements to improve their nutritional status before, during and after treatment. A condition in which memory or other cognitive functions are below normal but do not interfere with daily functioning. pituitary adenoma Low-dose CT or LDCT uses less ionizing radiation than a conventional CT scan. low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) The imaging of body structures by measuring the reflection or transmission of high frequency sound waves. radiotherapy Inflammation of the esophagus, the tube-like structure connecting the throat with the stomach. When you hear about medical Spanish, you might think that it’s just for doctors in areas with large Spanish-speaking populations.. Well, we’ve got news for you: Medical Spanish is so much more than that. A diagnostic procedure consisting of the administration of a radionuclide that accumulates in the organ or tissue of interest, followed by recording the distribution of the radioactivity with a stationary or scanning external scintillation camera. Glossary of MRI Terms A Absorption mode. See the Catheter-directed Thrombolysis page for more details. A build-up of fluid in the lungs and a swelling of lung tissue. endorectal coil Also known as radiotherapy. perfusion Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) Primary headaches, which include cluster, migraine and tension headaches, are not associated with a medical condition or disease. Synthetic materials that are suspended in liquid and injected into a blood vessel to form a permanent barrier to blood flow. non-Hodgkin lymphoma resection At this time, the role the appendix plays in the human body is not known. A medication or mechanical device delivered via the catheter is used to break up the clot and restore blood flow. contrast material See dilation and curettage (D&C). closed bone biopsy Also known as cryotherapy, cryoablation or targeted cryoablation therapy. The bony segments of the spinal column which contain and protect the spinal cord. In the hospital the radiology department is often one of the first places physicians turn to for diagnosis. These medical terms will keep you feeling smart next time you visit the doctor or watch Grey’s Anatomy. Once renal function is found to be normal, Glucophage therapy can be started again. hysterosalpingography angiogenesis inhibitors antiplatelet drug The subcutaneous implantable port is a permanent device that consists of a catheter, a long, thin, hollow plastic tube, attached to a small reservoir, both of which are placed under the skin. inferior vena cava, the large vein that returns blood from the legs to the heart, to prevent blood clots in the lower body from traveling to the heart or lungs. The passage from the stomach into the small intestines. V uterine fibroid embolization vagina transabdominal The lower part of the uterus, connecting the uterus with the vagina. See petit mal seizure. fibrocartilaginous DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) is the global information technology standard for handling, storing, printing, and transmitting information in medical imaging. See also radioactive iodine therapy. A medical condition found most often in young children and the elderly where part of the rectum wall falls out of and protrudes from the anus. vagus nerve stimulator monoclonal antibodies A drug used to prevent or reduce the severity of seizures associated with epilepsy or other seizure disorders. n. 1. pituitary gland See the Cholecystitis page for additional information. density A stone, calcification or calcific deposit in the appendix. Ionizing electromagnetic radiation produced by the excitation of the inner orbital electrons of an atom by other processes, such as nuclear delay and its sequelae. delivery device Abnormal structures that form inside neurons considered one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The space between the membrane covering the spinal cord and the cord itself. See the Pneumonia page for more information. peritoneal cavity colonoscope Unlike a standard intravenous catheter (IV) which is for short term use, a vascular access catheter is more durable and does not easily become blocked or infected. embolization American College of Radiology (ACR) - The 36,000 members of the American College of Radiology include radiologists, radiation oncologists, medical physicists, interventional radiologists, nuclear medicine physicians and allied health professionals. Radiographs The formation of an … A spring-loaded device that cuts and retrieves a small tissue specimen in its collecting chamber. A partial or complete break in a bone. claustrophobic By determining the role of specific nerves in a patient, this technique helps surgeons avoid damage to sensitive areas while operating on the brain. video capsule endoscopy radiopaque dye myelogram deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) A heart monitoring test to discover how well the heart works, usually performed via physical exercise, sometimes via drugs to simulate heart stress. As a patient, you may come across a variety of sometimes confusing acronyms and abbreviations relating to your treatment.Some abbreviations commonly used in … hypothyroidism A1AT deficiency puts a person at risk of developing emphysema or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Instead of displaying Doppler measurements visually as in the color and power Doppler methods, spectral Doppler displays the blood flow measurements graphically, displaying flow velocities recorded over time. An injury to the brain that occurs when the head or body is struck hard enough that the brain bounces against the skull. Bleeding from any of the veins that normally drain the stomach, esophagus, or intestines into the liver. pleural effusion This often makes the tumor more responsive to chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Also known as Pap smear. angiogram Water frozen -40°C (-40°F) or less, which kills cells. A type of surgical biopsy in which an entire lesion or abnormal group of cells and tissue as well as a surrounding margin of normal-appearing tissue are removed. The reference of a sensation to its point of origin. A muscle disease characterized by muscle weakness that usually results in the deterioration of muscle. A blood clot-busting drug used to reduce the severity of an ischemic stroke if given within a short window of time following the onset of the stroke. fibroadenoma androgen encephalopathy A type of surgical biopsy in which part of a lesion or abnormal group of cells is removed. Also called the hepatic portal vein. vertebroplasty fibrocystic Drugs used to induce loss of sensation for the patient in preparation for operative procedures. A visual perspective from the side. temporomandibular joint disorder ADVERTISEMENT: Supporters see fewer/no ads, Please Note: You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys. One of two types of temporary brachytherapy, a radiation therapy treatment for cancer that involves the placement of a radioactive material directly inside the body, in or near a tumor, for a specific amount of time and then withdrawn. mediastinum Any condition that affects the (circulatory) system of blood vessels that carries blood from the heart throughout the rest of the body. Having no signs or symptoms. femoral artery radioactive iodine I-131 therapy. A computer information system that stores patients’ medical information such as demographics (name, date of birth, address), clinical history, medical images, lab test results, medications, and allergies; it electronically allows healthcare providers to view the information on a computer. varicose veins bronchial tubes The thyroid is a gland in the neck that controls metabolism, a chemical process that regulates the rate at which the body functions. medical radiation physicists contrast agent Thin layers of tissue, or membrane, that surround and cover the brain and spinal cord. sacroiliac joint vagus nerve They have extensive training in the safe use of radiation to treat disease. x-rays. lymphoscintigraphy The flow of blood or other fluid to an organ. fistula An autoimmune illness, often occurring after a viral infection, that causes severe nerve damage. A type of seizure or convulsion often associated with epilepsy in which abnormal electrical activity occurs in a specific area of the brain, often producing symptoms that affect one area of the body. The process by which noncellular material in the body becomes hardened due to deposits of calcium and other materials. Florida Department of Health, Board of Radiation Control (FLDOH-BRC) Course Approval End Date 01/31/2022 Category: Technical. cauterize A small, solid lump. genetically engineered tumor vaccines A radiation therapy treatment for cancer that involves the placement of a radioactive material directly inside the body, in or near a tumor, for a specific amount of time and then withdrawn. An examination of blood vessels that uses X-ray, CT or MR imaging and an injection of a radiopaque contrast material to image arteries in the brain, heart, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, aorta, neck, chest, limbs and pulmonary circulatory system. A treatment for abnormal vaginal bleeding in which the lining of a woman's uterus (called the endometrium) is destroyed. Dietitians attend four years of college then usually take part in a one-year internship. A variation of conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) that creates vivid color pictures of the paths of innumerable nerve fibers in the white matter of the brain by analyzing the movement of water molecules along the fibers. Verifying the identity of a person/user to a computer system or assuring that a computer program is a trusted one. An inflammation (swelling) of the appendix, usually caused by a blockage at the opening of the appendix and a subsequent infection. Sonography of the uterus and fallopian tubes using a transvaginal probe following the injection of sterile saline into the uterus via a thin catheter inserted through the cervix. In radiation or medical physics, the number of disintegrations per second of a radionuclide. Also called abdominal cavity. Drugs that enhance the effect of radiation on cancer cells. technetium-99m The surgical removal of fibroids from a woman’s uterus. Physicians that specialize in radiology are called radiologists. ultrasound, diagnostic allogeneic proton beam radiation therapy Lumpectomy generally refers to the removal of a lump from the breast as an alternative to mastectomy, which is the removal of the entire breast including the lump. Treatment methods that involve the use of an endoscope, an illuminated optical instrument used to examine inside the body. pleurisy appendicolith Relating to the stomach and intestines. stent graft infusion A common type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). blood coagulation A ballooning out of the wall of an artery inside the brain; it may lead the vessel to rupture and bleed heavily. Radiology is a monthly, peer reviewed, medical journal, owned and published by the Radiological Society of North America. It describes the types of images obtained, contrast material or medications used, and any relevant circumstances/comments, such as bowel preparation protocol for a colonoscopy. Symptoms typically go away within a day. See the appendicitis page for additional information. Radiologists are doctors who evaluate medical images, such as MRIs and X-rays, to determine the type of treatment a patient needs. Some of the functions controlled by thyroid hormones include heart rate, cholesterol level, body weight, energy level, muscle strength, skin condition and vision. The medical specialty concerned with the preservation, restoration, and development of form and function of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, spine, and associated structures by medical, surgical, and physical methods. platinum coils hemorrhagic stroke vesicoureteral Abnormal sacs containing gas, fluid, or a semisolid material, with a membranous lining. intrauterine See the Cryotherapy page for more information. The labrum is a common site of injuries: it can be damaged in falls and from repetitive use, as in throwing and weightlifting. margin neurologic J Carbon-11-labeled Pittsburgh Compound B, (C-11 PIB), is a radiotracer used with positron emission tomography (PET) scanning to image the build-up of beta-amyloid plaques in the brain, which are associated with Alzheimer’s disease. subarachnoid hemorrhage CT enterography is a special type of computed tomography (CT) imaging performed with contrast material to produce images of the small intestine. color Doppler aorta They also may help arrange for home health care and other services. regional anesthesia mini stroke A short, hollow plastic tube inserted through the skin into a blood vessel or tissue through which other instruments, such as a guide wire and balloon-tipped catheter are advanced. referring physician All. Cryotherapy is a minimally invasive treatment that uses extreme cold to freeze and destroy diseased tissue, including cancer cells. A hypersensitive reaction to common, often harmless substances, most of which are found in the environment. nephropathy Within the skull. A vascular treatment technique that uses catheter-guided balloons to open narrowed blood vessels. An instrument used to apply extreme cold to a selected anatomic area. encryption A device that measures the volume of air that moves in and out of the lungs. beta blocker The subspecialty concerned with the use of ultrasound (high frequency sound waves) and other techniques for medical diagnosis. Radiology definition, the science dealing with x-rays or nuclear radiation, especially for medical uses. 13 In addition, hospitals have specific policies regarding the radiology report as part of the medical record. spectral Doppler lung speculum minimally invasive hormone power Doppler cobalt (Co) A procedure in which the patient swallows a tiny capsule holding a video camera and light. A radiation therapy treatment for cancer in which a sealed pellet (or “seed”) containing radioactive material is permanently placed inside the body in or near a tumor. barium sulfate Part of the body’s digestive tract and a component of the digestive system. A malignant or cancerous tumor that occurs in the connective tissues of the body, including the bones, cartilage, tendons and soft tissues. peripheral vascular disease (PVD) The multiplicative term by which faster imaging pulse sequences such as multiple echo imaging reduce total imaging time compared to conventional imaging sequences such as spin echo imaging. Signs include redness, heat, swelling and pain. rotator cuff rad sigmoid colon vasography modality The anterior surface of the prostate. There is no time limit – and you can attempt the quiz as many times as you need. A ring-like muscle that surrounds and is able to contract or close a bodily passage or opening. A material used to block off blood flow through a vessel. paranasal sedation, minimal and moderate Power Doppler is more sensitive than color Doppler for the detection and demonstration of blood flow, but provides no information about the direction of flow. Also called an EMR (Electronic Medical Record) or EHR (Electronic Health Record). A type of coil, made of soft platinum wire smaller than a strand of hair and available in different diameters and lengths, used in a procedure called a detachable coil embolization to treat an aneurysm (a bulge) or a blood vessel malformation called a fistula (a false passageway) that occurs in the brain and other parts of the body. An abscess or infection in the space between the lung and the chest wall (pleural space).

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