Various sources attributed good traits to Maria Christina before her marriage. When the King died on 25 November 1885, Maria Christina was pregnant, so the throne was vacant, depending on whether Maria Christina's unborn child was a male or a female; a male would make that child king, while a female would place the elder daughter and Princess of Asturias, María de las Mercedes, on the throne. Cenotaph of Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen‎ (1 P, 66 F) M ... Duchess of Teschen" This category contains only the following page. Her paternal grandparents were Archduke Charles of Austria and Princess Henriette Alexandrine of Nassau-Weilburg. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. TOMB OF DUCHESS MARIA CHRISTINA OF SAXONY-TASCHEN Presented by Giorgia Ress, Letizia Girardi, Giada Tait, Micol Bottamedi for ALL YOU ANTONIO CANOVA ANTONIO CANOVA HIS LIFE near Venice, Italy (1757) relationship with his granfather relationship with art (Neoclassicism) The Duchess Well known to her many siblings, Maria Christina was the favourite child. Duchess of Teschen: Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria, Duchess of Teschen: Spouse: Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen: House: House of Habsburg-Lorraine: Father: Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor: Mother: Maria Theresa of Austria: Born: 13 May 1742 Vienna, Austria: Died: 24 June 1798 (aged 56) Vienna, Austria Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (1742-1798) was the fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor, although, she was the second eldest surviving daughter. For the eighteenth century archduchess, see Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen. Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (Maria Christina Johanna Josepha Antonia; 13 May 1742 – 24 June 1798), called "Mimi", was the fourth daughter and fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. Maria Christina von Österreich (1742–1798) Media in category "Archduchess Marie Christine, Duchess of Teschen" The following 18 files are in this category, out of 18 total. Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (Maria Christina Johanna Josepha Antonia; 13 May 1742 – 24 June 1798), called "Mimi", was the fourth daughter and fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. Archduchess Maria Christina Henriette Desideria Felicitas Raineria of Austria[1][n. 1] (Spanish: María Cristina de Habsburgo; 21 July 1858 – 6 February 1929) was Queen consort of Spain as the second wife of Alfonso XII. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. [6], After giving birth to two female children—María de las Mercedes (born 1880) and María Teresa (born 1882)—she ensured dynastic continuity, yet, with the threatening landmark for the ruling dynasty set by the previous Carlist Wars, she was still pressured to undergo a new pregnancy and give birth to a male child in order to consolidate the political system, as it was considered at the time.[7]. Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (Maria Christina Johanna Josepha Antonia; 13 May 1742 – 24 June 1798), was the fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor.Married in 1766 to Prince Albert of Saxony, the couple received the Duchy of Teschen, and she was appointed Governor of the Austrian Netherlands jointly with her husband during 1781–1789 and 1791–1792. [5] Months later, in May 1886, she would give birth to a male child, Alfonso, who reigned as Alfonso XIII upon his birth . Maria Christina was born on Maria Theresa’s 25th birthday, on May 13, 1742, and was her fifth child. Maria Theresa called her Mimi, and it was said that she was her favourite child. Certainly, her tutors felt she was the brightest of the Hapsburg children. Prince Albert Casimir of Saxony, Duke of Teschen (11 July 1738, Moritzburg, Electorate of Saxony – 10 February 1822, Vienna) was a German prince from the House of Wettin who married into the Habsburg imperial family. When the King died, Maria Christina was pregnant, so the throne was vacant, depending on whether Maria Christina's unborn child was a male or a female; a male would make that child king, while a female would place her elder daughter, Infanta María Mercedes, on the throne.During this period, Maria Christina ruled as regent until her child, a son, was born, who was Alfonso XIII of Spain from birth. On 29 November 1879 at the Basilica of Atocha in Madrid, Alfonso married a much more distant relative, Maria Christina of Austria, daughter of Archduke Karl Ferdinand and Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria. She was Governor of the Austrian Netherlands from 1781 until 1793. Girl in Yellow Drapery, 1901, by John William Godward. Pero, si muero, guarda el coño y ándate siempre de Cánovas a Sagasta y de Sagasta a Cánovas" ("You will see how everything is going to be providentially fixed, yet if I die, keep your pussy at bay and always go from Cánovas to Sagasta and from Sagasta to Cánovas"). Her rule is described[according to whom?] She is buried at El Escorial. [5] An attributed dying wish by Alfonso XII pleading to her is "Ya verás cómo todo se arregla providencialmente. 28-may-2015 - María Cristina, duquesa de Teschen (Maria Christina Johanna Josefa Antonia; 13 mayo 1742 hasta 24 junio 1798), llamado "Mimi", fue la cuarta hija y quinto hijo de María Teresa de Austria y Francisco I, emperador del Sacro Imperio. She nurtured a persona of austerity and staidness, and became known among the populace as Doña Virtudes, María la Seca ("Mary the Curt One") and la institutriz ("the governess"). The Two Sisters, 1769, by Jean-Honoré Fragonard. Maria Christina of Austria; ... Maria Christina Henriette Desideria Felicitas Raineria of Austria (21 July 1858 – 6 February 1929) was Queen of Spain as the second wife of King Alfonso XII. Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. Archduchess Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, (1742-1798), called "Mimi", was the second girl and fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor Oil on canvas, 1776 131 × 94 cm (51.6 × 37 in) Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria The Reader, 1772, by Jean-Honoré Fragonard. One states she was "tall, fair, sensible, and well educated". Her role was mostly ceremonial, and her purpose was to preserve the crown for her son until he became an adult. Tomb of Duchess Maria Christina of Saxony-Teschen 1798-1805 Carrara marble, height 574 cm Augustinian Church, Vienna: Duchess Maria Christina was the daughter of the Empress Maria Theresia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. 1303, but her name is unknown.The Obituary of the Church of St. Vincent in Wrocław showed the existence of a certain "Grzymisława, Duchess of Opole" (Grimizlaua ducissa Opuliensis) who was buried there around 13 September 1286. Archduchess Maria Christina Isabelle Natalie of Austria, full German name: Maria Christina Isabelle Natalie, Erzherzogin von Österreich (born 17 November 1879 in Kraków, Grand Duchy of Cracow, Austria–Hungary; died 6 August 1962 in Anholt) was a member of the Teschen branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bohemia, Hungary, and Tuscany … [9][10] She rejected the title of reina gobernadora ("Queen Governor"), distancing from the memory of the previous regent Maria Christina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies,[11] who had used it in the 1830s. [4], Maria Christina married King Alfonso XII of Spain on 29 November 1879 at the Basilica of Atocha in Madrid. Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse; According to some sources [1], Mieszko's wife died ca. She was the leading figure around which the Germanophile stronghold within the Royal Court coalesced during World War I, confronted to the pro-Entente minority faction represented by her daughter-in-law, the British-born Victoria Eugenie. Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (Maria Christina Johanna Josepha Antonia; 13 May 1742 – 24 June 1798), called "Mimi", was the fourth daughter and fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. [12] She displayed strong religious beliefs which gained her the endorsement of Pope Leo XIII, weakening the adherence to Carlist stances within the clergy.[13]. She was Governor of the Austrian Netherlands from 1781 until 1793. Maria Christina Duchess Of Teschen (Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (Maria Christina Johanna Josepha Antonia; 13 May 1742 – 24 June 1798), called "Mimi", was the fourth daughter and fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and...), about 8 visitors have a crush on her, ranked #77657 on ManCrushes.com Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (Maria Christina Johanna Josepha Antonia; 13 May 1742 - 24 June 1798), was the fourth daughter and fifth child of Maria Theresa and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. [2] She ruled as queen regent during the vacancy of the throne between her husband's death in November 1885 and the birth of their son Alfonso XIII in May 1886, and subsequently also until the coming of age of the latter in May 1902. - Maria Christina, Archduchess of Austria (11/20/1763) By Maria Christina, Archduchess of Austria - Maria Theresa of Teschen (05/16/1767) By Maria Amalia, Archduchess of Austria and Duchess of Parma - Maria Carolina, Princess of Parma and Crown Princess of Saxony (11/22/1770 - 03/01/1804) [16] Nevertheless, Alfonso XIII continued to look to her on many occasions for advice. She was an older sister of Marie Antoinette. In 1780, the couple was appointed joint governors of the Austrian Netherlands. Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen Label from public data source Wikidata Maria Christine, consort of Albrecht Kasimir, Duke of Saxe-Teschen, 1742-1798 Sources El Crepúsculo de una Era. Maria Christina was, however, not an only child. Her chief adviser and head of government was Práxedes Mateo Sagasta. In June 1862, King Louis I of Portugal asked Maria Theresa to marry him in a letter sent to her father. She was Governor of the Austrian Netherlands from 1781 until 1793. Marie Christine Erzherzogin von Österreich, Maria Christina von Österreich (1742–1798), Archduchess Marie Christine, Duchess of Teschen, Marie-Christine de Habsbourg-Lorraine.jpg, Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria, https://es.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=María_Cristina_de_Habsburgo-Lorena_(1742-1798)&oldid=114175911, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maria_Cristina_d'Asburgo-Lorena_(1742-1798)&oldid=111239932, Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, https://de.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=BLK%C3%96%3AHabsburg%2C+Christine+Maria&oldid=2536874, https://de.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=BLK%C3%96%3AHabsburg%2C+Maria+Christine&oldid=1922815, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie-Christine_d'Autriche_(1742-1798)&oldid=168318233, Category:Archduchess Marie Christine, Duchess of Teschen, Bibliography of the History of the Czech Lands, https://biblio.hiu.cas.cz/authorities/383262, Frick Art Reference Library Artist File ID, Archduchess_Maria_Christina,_Duchess_of_Teschen_(1), Maria Cristina d'Àustria (duquessa de Teschen), Habsburg–Lotaringiai Mária Krisztina főhercegnő, Maria Cristina d'Asburgo-Lorena (1742-1798), Maria Christina van Oostenrijk (1742-1798), Arhiducesa Maria Christina, Ducesă de Teschen, Airchduchess Maria Christina, Duchess o Teschen, อาร์ชดัชเชสมารีอา คริสทีนา ดัชเชสแห่งเท็ชเชิน, https://www.wikidata.org/w/index.php?title=Q167439&oldid=1317557916, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Erzherzogin Maria Christine Sachsen-Teschen, Maria Christiana Herzogin von Sachsen-Teschen. Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, 1776, by Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder. This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 08:24. Genealogy for Archduchess Maria Christina Johanna Josepha Antonia von Habsburg-Lorraine (Habsburg-Lorraine), Herzogin zu Sachsen-Teschen (1742 - 1798) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Her spell as regent saw the loss of Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines after the 1898 Spanish–American War.[14][15]. Figueroa y Torres, Alvaro de, Conde de Romanones. Alfonso's mother, Maria Christina of Austria, served as regent until he assumed full powers on his sixteenth birthday in 1902. After the marriage of her son with Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg in 1906, she took a secondary role in public events. She was Governor of the Austrian Netherlands from 1781 until 1793. Más allá de los campos de batalla", "พระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ที่ประเทศยุโรป (ต่อแผ่นที่ ๙ หน้า ๑๓๐)", "Agraciamentos Portugueses Aos Príncipes da Casa Saxe-Coburgo-Gota", Newspaper clippings about Maria Christina of Austria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maria_Christina_of_Austria&oldid=991883353, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Maria Christina Henriette Desideria Felicitas Raineria von Habsburg-Lothringen, Royal Monogram of Queen Maria Christina of Spain. Maria Christina lived in luxurious comfort for the remainder of her life, and died on June 24, 1798 at the age of 58. She was an older sister of Marie Antoinette. Sources ”Duchess of Teschen” by unknown (formerly attributed to Johann Baptist von Lampi the Elder), c. 1769 (left image) and ”Princess Isabella of … You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. All together her parents had sixteen children, only ten of whom survived into adulthood. Archduchess Maria Christina Henriette Desideria Felicitas Raineria of Austria[n. 1] was Queen consort of Spain as the second wife of Alfonso XII. Within little more than two years the monarchy had collapsed. She was an older sister of Marie Antoinette. Known to her family as Christa, she was born at Židlochovice Castle (Groß Seelowitz), near Brünn (now Brno), in Moravia, a daughter of Archduke Karl Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria.[2]. enwiki Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen; eswiki María Cristina de Austria (1742-1798) frwiki Marie-Christine d'Autriche (1742-1798) huwiki Habsburg–Lotaringiai Mária Krisztina főhercegnő; idwiki Maria Christina dari Teschen; itwiki Maria Cristina d'Asburgo-Lorena (1742-1798) For the eighteenth century archduchess, see, Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria, Princess Henriette Alexandrine of Nassau-Weilburg, go from Cánovas to Sagasta and from Sagasta to Cánovas, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa, Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg, Schematismus für das kaiserliche und königliche Heer und für die kaiserliche und königliche Kriegsmarine für 1904, http://www.guide2womenleaders.com/czech_eccleastical.htm, "a boda de Alfonso XII y María Cristina de Habsburgo: la historia que comenzó con un rey deseando a su futura suegra", "El destino de la historia es convertirse en literatura", "María Cristina de Habsburgo, la (in)discreta regente", "El principio del fin del Imperio español", "María Cristina de Borbón y María Cristina de Habsburgo: dos regentes entre los modos aristocráticos y los burgueses", "España y la I Guerra Mundial. She became pregnant again before the death of her husband in November 1885 (the king suffered from tuberculosis yet he followed a hectic lifestyle). Arms of Maria Christina of Austria and Albert Casimir of Saxony. She died on 6 February 1929,[15] at the Royal Palace in Madrid, after some weeks of heart disease. Sir Charles Petrie, Alfonso XIII's biographer, maintained that the Queen dowager's death had a disastrous effect on her son, and that the latter never recovered politically from the blow. [3] She was Princess-Abbess of the Theresian Royal and Imperial Ladies Chapter of the Castle of Prague (1875-1879). She was Governor of the Austrian Netherlands from 1781 until 1793. Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria, Duchess of Teschen (1742–1798) Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (1743–1808) Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria (1745–1761) Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria (1746–1804) Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II (1747–1792) Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria (stillborn 1748) Maria Christina was born on 13 May 1742 in Vienna, Austria. Designed between 1790 and 1795 as a monument to Titian, the execution of the tomb was no longer possible after the occupation of Venice by the French in 1797. Palace of Prince Albert, today houses his Albertina collection. [5] The arranged marriage (the second of Alfonso XII after the death of his first wife María de las Mercedes of Orléans), was concerted on the basis of the conservative profile espoused by the Austro-Hungarian Empire as well as by the prestige attained by the Habsburgs in their previous involvement in the history of Spain, and blocked the possibility of a prospective Austrian endorsement to the Carlist cause. The fifth child of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Maria Theresa, she was born in 1742, in Austria, when her mother was twenty-five. The couple was given the duchy of Teschen. She was the fourth daughter and fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. She married her second cousin Prince Albert of Saxony. Maria Christina Duchess of Teschen (3) Joseph II Holy Roman Emperor (2) Maria Theresia von Österreich | Maria Theresa of Austria (1767-1827) (2) Antonio Salieri (1) Marie Antoinette (1) Maria Josepha von Österreich (1751-1767) (1) Isabella of Parma (1) Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, was the fifth child of Maria Theresa of Austria and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. Designated as regent upon the death of her husband in 1885, Maria Christina swore on the 1876 Constitution on 30 December 1885 at the Palacio de las Cortes, before the two legislative bodies. This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 08:32. Maria Theresa was a daughter of Archduke Albert, Duke of Teschen and Princess Hildegard of Bavaria. Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria, Duchess of Teschen (1742–1798) Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria (1743–1808) Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria (1745–1761) Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria (1746–1804) Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II (1747–1792) Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria (stillborn 1748) [8] While possibly apocryphal, it is representative of the Restoration era. Austrian royalty, called "Mimi." Campos y Fernández de Sevilla, Francisco-Javier. She ruled as queen regent during the vacancy of the throne between her husband's death in November 1885 and the birth of their son Alfonso XIII in May 1886, and subsequently also until the coming of age of the latter in May 1902. as well-balanced and in accordance with respect for constitutional rights, and many political reforms were instated during her regency to prevent political conflicts and chaos. Maria Christina of Austria Formal … All structured data from the main, Property, Lexeme, and EntitySchema namespaces is available under the. Details in Yellow Portrait of William II and Maria Stuart, 1647, by Gerard van Honthorst. [17][18] Spain remained a neutral country during the conflict. They had only one child, Princess Maria Theresa of Saxony, born around 9 PM on 16 May 1767, who died the day after her birth… Maria Christina continued as regent until Alfonso XIII attained his majority in 1902. Afternoon Tea for Three, by Frédéric Soulacroix. During this period, Maria Christina ruled as regent until her child Alfonso, a son, was born on 17 May 1886; he was King (Alfonso XIII) from birth.

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