As with most aspects of growing native plants, there are many ideas, sometimes conflicting, on when eucalyptus seed should be sown. The sweet gum resembles a maple tree, … While sweet gum is known and appreciated for its lovely fall color, it is also despised for its seeds. Native to the open forests in southeastern Tasmania, the blue gum thrives in mild, damp climates and grows very well in the coastal areas of California. QUANDONG FACTS. The Sweet Gum tree is the sand spur of the forest. Where conditions suit it, the tree can grow to mighty dimensions: nearly 75 feet tall with a spreading canopy. Most seeds, when sown in the fall without any pre-treatment, will begin to germinate the following spring. This fast-growing tree has a root system that will tear up your yard in no time. Quandong grow from large evergreen shrubs into small trees with gum-like leaves. Gardening enthusiasts would be glad to welcome and beseech the fantastic fuchsia to adorn their garden decor. The gumballs cling to the tree throughout the winter and drop to the ground in the spring. When the seeds mature they turn black, but while they are still yellow they contain shikimic acid, the same ingredient in Tamiflu that was originally harvested only from star anise. Ecological Uses of Sweet Gum Tree. Tips. Leaves are 3-6” in length and width on a petiole roughly the same length, and star-shaped. Sweet gum is one of the main valuable forest trees in ... Liquidambar styraciflua is a medium-sized to large tree, growing anywhere from 50–70 feet (15–21 m) in cultivation and up to 150 feet (46 m) in the wild, with a trunk up 2–3 feet (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter, on average. And why? The distinctive seed pods are one way to easily identify a sweet gum tree. Despite its name the gum is not sweet. Sow one seed flat on its side in each pot and cover lightly with soil. Inside each capsule are one or two small winged seeds. Growing: Easy to grow from seed. Growing a chestnut tree from a seed requires you follow a few steps in order for the seedling to develop correctly. They can grow up to six-metres tall and produce fruit all year-round. Eucalyptus trees don’t do well as potted plants, because the trees grow quite quickly, being rootbound in a pot will stunt growth, and they don’t like being transplanted. Starting Eucalyptus Trees from Cuttings. Harvest the fruit in the fall after they have turned from green to dark brown and before the beak-like capsules open to release the seeds. Native Range of the Sweet Gum tree. By mid-fall, the balls are dead and seedless. Small mammals and deer eat young Sweet Gum saplings and foliage. If your sweet gum is too tall to spray, or if you don't want to attempt spraying a small tree, you can stop fruit production by having a certified arborist administer a trunk injection. Space: Because you are growing your tree from seed, it will grow to full size (meaning it can reach 20-30 feet/6-9 meters in height). Plant them next April 1, 2015 and we'll give them until July1, 2017 to see who can grow the best tree. Plan to plant your tree at least 30 feet (9.1 m) from another tree, particularly if you are planting two apple trees in a row.  This includes deer, hogs, goats, and rabbits. Chill the seeds. It also may struggle if planted in the fall. It is truly an ornamental cultivators pride to lay hands on sweet gum tree, and plant it in his garden to make a landscape design worth innumerable peans and aplomb. Turns out, they are the seed pods from the sweetgum tree. How long does a sweet gum tree live? The following article is based on my experiences and findings and that of others. It is a very easy tree to grow with good to excellent fall color. Perhaps it is time for some rehabilitation. The american sweetgum can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 5–9. Place pots in a warm, shaded position and keep moist during germination. Sweet gum trees produce spiky, circular seed pods that can become hazardous if not properly cleaned. Sweet gum seeds are eaten by many species of birds, including goldfinch, purple finch, sparrows, mourning doves, wild turkey, northern bobwhite, and wood duck, as well as by squirrels and chipmunks. The dense foliage offers refuge for small birds and can help shade creek lines thereby improving their habitat value. How to Grow Black Gum Trees . In the deep south, American Sweetgum can be one of the few trees with fiery red fall foliage each year. Before you begin, make sure that you have enough space for two trees. I am told the best way to preserve this acid is to crush the green pods and tincture them. The only edible part of the tree is the dried sap which makes a fragrant, bitter chewing gum. Also known as Redgum, starleaf-gum, sweet gum, gum, satin-walnut, or American storax. It grows in many different environments. Thus, its growth, size and habit can be very variable depending on its location. 400 yearsLiquidambar styraciflua is a medium-sized to large tree, growing anywhere from 50–70 feet (15–21 m) in cultivation and up to 150 feet (46 m) in the wild, with a trunk up 2–3 feet (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter, on average. Place the seed pods in a glass jar by a window or somewhere nice and warm. Natural Habitat of the Sweet Gum tree. Higher numbers represent more temperate areas. Seed collection: Sweetgum fruit is an aggregate of small 2-celled capsules that from a spiked ball. The Sweet Gum tree has high value to all levels of the ecosystem. You painfully find them with your feet. The spiky clusters are actually balls of fruit with tiny seeds inside that birds and squirrels snack on. RE-POTTING Sweet Gum can be re-potted every other year in early spring while the tree is still in its dormancy. The first thing you need to do is collect your seed pods from the trees you like. A hardiness zone is a geographically defined area where a given plant is capable of growing. It’s easy. Of course, the eucalyptus tree seeds may also be directly sowed into the container in which the plant will continue to grow. Tree Type Mature Size The American sweetgum grows to a height of 60–75' and a spread of 40–50' at maturity. Plant a sweet gum tree a sufficient distance (at least 50 feet) from power lin es or structures, and far enough from a driveway to avoid root damage. 1. Known to grow well in Perth and similar areas and in parts of NSW. Don’t trim a sweet gum tree until it is two years old or prune it in freezing weather. Since the black gum has a long taproot, it can have difficulties after it is transplanted. Sweet Gum trees native range is from Texas to New York (via the Ohio River valley). Be sure to sow the seeds at the recommended depth. The blue gum is a huge flowering tree, growing to heights of more than 220 feet. Avoid “top ping” the tree, and don’t cut the “leader” or main branch growing in the middle of the tree. While the seed pods may decidedly unpleasant to have against your skin, the Sweet Gum trees (Liquidambar styraciflua) they come from are actually quite nice. View Map. This can be used as chewing gum. Zone 0 covers the harshest areas in Canada for plant species. Most of the small, black seeds contained within the gumballs do not germinate, but are eaten … You also need to decide if you are going to start your seeds indoors or outdoors. Seeds have been sprouting and trees have been growing for an awfully long time without any help from humans. You will need to make sure that it has enough space for its root system to grow. Trees may live to 400 years. Sweet Gum trees naturally grow in moist soils. Green in the spring, they darken as autumn and winter pass, and they fall from the sweetgum by the hundreds. I do like to grow all our own trees if I can. For more information on plant hardiness zones in Canada, visit Natural Resources Canada. Just like leaves, they must fall, so the tree can prep for new growth. These seed pods are also able to take root rather quickly, so keeping the surrounding ground raked and swept will prevent sweet gum trees from spreading and growing in excess.