Beliau mendaftarkan paten pertamanya pada usia 19 tahun. This was an advantage over the low voltage DC systems being marketed by Thomas Edison's electric utility which had a limited range due to the low voltages used. Ông là một trong những người đi đầu công nghiệp điện thế kỷ 19 và là một trong những người nổi bật trong cuộc cách mạng công nghiệp lần thứ hai. precedents. ↑ Establishes many exec. [3] After his military discharge in August 1865, he returned to his family in Schenectady and enrolled at Union College. ↑ George III states, "If he does that, he will be the greatest man in the world." The couple made their first home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. [9] AC had the ability to be "stepped up" in voltage by a transformer for distribution and then "stepped down" by a transformer for consumer use, allowing large centralized power plants to supply electricity long distance in cities with more dispersed populations. At one time, Westinghouse began to work on heat pumps that could provide heating and cooling, and believed that he might be able to extract enough power in the process for the system to run itself. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. Brakemen had to run from car to car, on catwalks atop the cars, applying the brakes manually on each car. Ősei Vesztfáliából (wd) származtak. In 1867, Westinghouse met and soon married Marguerite Erskine Walker. At age 21 he invented a "car replacer", a device to guide derailed railroad cars back onto the tracks, and a reversible frog, a device used with a railroad switch to guide trains onto one of two tracks. Modern trains use brakes in various forms based on this design. Westinghouse saw AC's potential to achieve greater economies of scale as way to build a truly competitive system instead of simply building another barely competitive DC lighting system using patents just different enough to get around the Edison patents.[10]. George Westinghouse was an inventor and engineer who held more than 300 patents over the course of his life. Spolu s Teslom bol jedným z hlavných súperov Thomasa Edisona na začiatku realizácie americkej elektrizačnej sústavy. [citation needed], Westinghouse remained a captain of American industry until 1907, when the financial panic of 1907 led to his resignation from control of the Westinghouse company. They later acquired houses in Lenox, Massachusetts, where they summered, and in Washington, District of Columbia. George Westinghouse (* 6. október 1846 – † 12. marec 1914) bol americký vynálezca, podnikateľ a inžinier, priekopník v elektrotechnike.Vynašiel železničnú vzduchovú brzdu. George Westinghouse died on March 12, 1914, in New York City, at age 67. In 1930, the Westinghouse Memorial, funded by his employees, was placed in Schenley Park in Pittsburgh. As a young boy George would try out his ideas in his father’s shop. – New York, 1914. március 12.) Westinghouse then developed steam turbines for maritime propulsion. Son of George Westinghouse, Jr. and Marguerite Erskine Westinghouse The Westinghouse system used a compressor on the locomotive, a reservoir and a special valve on each car, and a single pipe running the length of the train (with flexible connections) which both refilled the reservoirs and controlled the brakes, allowing the engineer to apply and release the brakes simultaneously on all cars. Westinghouse was born on October 6, 1846, in Central Bridge, New York. [4][5], At about this time, he witnessed a train wreck where two engineers saw one another, but were unable to stop their trains in time using the existing brakes. If he couldn't build a perpetual-motion machine, he would still have a heat pump system that he could patent and sell. In 1885 Westinghouse imported a number of Gaulard–Gibbs transformers and a Siemens AC generator, to begin experimenting with AC networks in Pittsburgh. Husband of Evelyn Violet Westinghouse Earlier in the year he had invented the railway air brake in New York state. He later patented the device. When he turned 16, he convinced them to let him serve, and he spent one year in the Union army and one year in the Union navy. George Westinghouse was born in 1846 in Central Bridge, New York, the son of Emeline (Vedder) and George Westinghouse Sr., a machine shop owner. [2] His ancestors came from Westphalia in Germany, who first moved to England and then emigrated to the US. That same year, Westinghouse formed the "Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company";[12] in 1889 he renamed it as "Westinghouse Electric Corporation". [25][26] This World's Fair devoted a building to electrical exhibits. George Westinghouse married Marguerite Erskine Walker on August 8, 1867. At the age of fifteen, as the Civil War broke out, Westinghouse enlisted in the New York National Guard and served until his parents urged him to return home. At the same time, a contract to build the three-phase AC distribution system the project needed was awarded to General Electric. The silver medal may only be awarded to someone under 45 … Westinghouse remained productive and inventive almost all his life. [27], Westinghouse's demonstration that they could build a complete AC system at the Columbian Exposition was instrumental in them getting the contract for building a two-phase AC generating system, the Adams Power Plant, at Niagara Falls in 1895. [33] The couple made their first home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The new lenders demanded that Westinghouse cut back on what looked like excessive spending on acquisition of other companies, research, and patents. [35], A six-day workweek was the rule when George Westinghouse inaugurated the first Saturday half holiday in his Pittsburgh factory in 1881.[36]. Large turbines were most efficient at about 3,000 rpm, while an efficient propeller operated at about 100 rpm. At the same time, Thomas Edison was launching the first DC electric utility designed to light homes and businesses with his patented incandescent bulb. Learn more about George Westinghouse and his influence on the world in the History Center’s Pittsburgh: A Tradition of Innovation exhibition. Westinghouse was after a perpetual motion machine, and the British physicist Lord Kelvin, one of Westinghouse's correspondents, told him that he would be violating the laws of thermodynamics. It commemorates George Westinghouse, an engineer and inventor of the railway air brake. They later acquired houses in Lenox, Massachusetts, where they summered, and in Washington, District of Columbia. [7][8], Westinghouse's interests in gas distribution and telephone switching led him to become interested in the then-new field of electrical power distribution in the early 1880s. 19th century American engineer and businessman. The near collapse of Barings Bank in London triggered the financial panic of 1890, causing investors to call in their loans to W.E. Their only child, George Westinghouse III, worked for his father but moved to California in 1916 and then to Canada shortly after his parents’ death. The couple made their first home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. [23] At the beginning of 1893 Westinghouse engineer Benjamin Lamme had made great progress developing an efficient version of Tesla's induction motor and Westinghouse Electric started branding their complete polyphase AC system as the "Tesla Polyphase System", announcing Tesla's patents gave them patent priority over other AC systems and their intentions to sue patent infringers. It is a licensee of the Westinghouse Licensing Corporation, commonly known as Westinghouse Electric Corporation.. History. By 1911, he was no longer active in business, and his health was in decline. George Westinghouse, III in The Sun - June 22 1907 George Westinghouse Vo-Tech High School - 1948 in U.S. Yearbooks, 1890-1979 George Westinghouse Vo-Tech High School - 1948 in U.S. Yearbooks, 1890-1979 The Railroad and Engineering Journal, Vol. In 1989, Westinghouse was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame. In 1884, Westinghouse started developing his own DC domestic lighting system and hired physicist William Stanley to work on it. The name had been Anglicized from Westinghausen. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Westinghouse Memorial is a bronze monument located in the U.S. city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. [citation needed], Westinghouse pursued many improvements in railway signals (which then used oil lamps). Westinghouse felt that reciprocating steam engines were clumsy and inefficient, and wanted to develop some class of "rotating" engine that would be more elegant and efficient. Ông là nhà sáng lập Westinghouse Electric. [14] In 1892 the Edison company was merged with the Thomson-Houston Electric Company to form General Electric, a conglomerate with the board of Thomson-Houston in control. They were married for 47 years, and had one son, George Westinghouse III, who had six children. 61, 1887, The Railroad and Engineering Journal, Vol. 1865. p. 209. George Westinghouse, (born Oct. 6, 1846, Central Bridge, N.Y., U.S.—died March 12, 1914, New York City), American inventor and industrialist who was chiefly responsible for the adoption of alternating current for electric power transmission in the United States. He was initially interred in Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, NY then removed on December 14, 1915. It was issued as, sfn error: no target: CITEREFCarlson2013 (, American Institute of Electrical Engineers, Railway air brake § Westinghouse air brake, Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, George Westinghouse Jr. George Westinghouse (1846-1914) là doanh nhân, kỹ sư người Mỹ. The successor company is Westinghouse … Like Edison, he had a practical and experimental streak. [19], In 1890 Westinghouse's company was in trouble. They were married for 47 years,[32] and had one son, George Westinghouse III, who had six children. He lived in a large Victorian frame house, which still stands, but in disrepair. Geni requires JavaScript! In 1918 his former home, Solitude, was razed and the land given to the City of Pittsburgh to establish Westinghouse Park. As a Civil War veteran, he was buried in Arlington National Cemetery, along with his wife Marguerite, who survived him by three months. The next year he installed a 1.5-megawatt, 1,200 rpm unit for the Hartford Electric Light Company. From his youth, he was talented with machinery and business. Between 1869 and 1873, George Westinghouse was issued more than 20 patents on one of the great inventions of the … It was in time nearly universally adopted by railways. 1775-ben vándoroltak ki az Amerikai Egyesült Államokba.. Apja kis üzemében mezőgazdasági gépeket gyártottak, és itt kapott a fiú értékes műszaki indíttatást. After serving in the Union Army and … The British engineer Charles Algernon Parsons began experimenting with steam turbines in 1884, beginning with a 10-horsepower (7.5 kW) turbine. [11] In 1886, with Westinghouse's backing, Stanley installed the first multiple-voltage AC power system in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, a demonstration lighting system driven by a hydroelectric generator that produced 500 volts AC stepped down to 100 volts to light incandescent bulbs in homes and businesses. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 04:12. George Westinghouse, c. 1906. A year later he founded what is now the ghost town of Duquesne to use as his company headquarters. George Westinghouse Jr. (6 Oktober 1846 – 12 Mac 1914) ialah seorang ahli perniagaan dan jurutera Amerika Syarikat berasal dari Pennsylvania.Westinghouse mencipta brek udara kereta api dan merupakan pelopor kepada industri elektrik. Electric lighting was a growing business with many companies building outdoor direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC) arc lighting based street lighting systems. One of his first inventions had been a rotary steam engine, but it had proven impractical. [21][22], In 1891 Westinghouse built a hydroelectric AC power plant, the Ames Hydroelectric Generating Plant near Ophir, Colorado. [29], In 1889, Westinghouse purchased several mining claims in the Patagonia Mountains of southeastern Arizona and formed the Duquesne Mining & Reduction Company. Westinghouse was 19 years old when he created his first invention, the rotary steam engine. Westinghouse Electronics LLC is a Chinese-owned American company that markets LCD televisions located in Diamond Bar, California.. Stanley, assisted by engineers Albert Schmid and Oliver B. Shallenberger, developed the Gaulard–Gibbs transformer design into the first practical transformer. George Westinghouse Memorial Bridge in East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, carries U.S. Route 30, the Lincoln Highway, over the Turtle Creek Valley near to where it joins the Monongahela River Valley east of Pittsburgh. The air-brake system was a revolutionary invention, as it was much safer than applying brakes manually, a … Register of Commissioned Officers of the United States Navy. The same conceptual design of fail-safe air brake is also found on heavy trucks. His father, also named George, manufactured farm machinery. Westinghouse became aware of the new European alternating current systems in 1885 when he read about them in the UK technical journal Engineering. [20] The sudden cash shortage forced the company to refinance its debts. In 1867, Westinghouse met and soon married Marguerite Erskine Walker. With AC networks expanding, Westinghouse turned his attention to electrical power production. Westinghouse and his engineers devised an automatic alignment system that made turbine power practical for large vessels. In 1911 Westinghouse received the American Institute of Electrical Engineers's (AIEE) Edison Medal "For meritorious achievement in connection with the development of the alternating current system."[1]. In 1898 Westinghouse demonstrated a 300-kilowatt unit, replacing reciprocating engines in his air-brake factory. In 1867, Westinghouse met and soon married Marguerite Erskine Walker. Westinghouse replied that might be the case, but it made no difference. Westinghouse also had to deal with an AC rival, the Thomson-Houston Electric Company, which had built 22 power stations by the end of 1887[13] and by 1889 had bought out another competitor, the Brush Electric Company. ジョージ・ウェスティングハウス・ジュニア(George Westinghouse, Jr、1846年 10月6日 - 1914年 3月12日) は、アメリカ合衆国の技術者、実業家。 鉄道車両用の空気ブレーキ等を発明。 また、それらの発明を産業として発展させた、電気産業の先駆者である。 Duquesne grew to over a 1,000 residents and the mine reached its peak production in the mid-1910s.[30][31]. Son of George Westinghouse, III and Evelyn Violet Westinghouse Brother of Aubrey Harold Westinghouse; Agnes Sylvia Westinghouse; Violet Louisa Westinghouse; Richard Lawrence Westinghouse and Private . In 1867, Westinghouse met and soon married Marguerite Erskine Walker. Westinghouse bought rights to the Parsons turbine in 1885, improved the Parsons technology, and increased its scale. 61, 1887 in Compilation of Published Sources The reinforced concrete open-spandrel deck arch bridge has a total length of 1,598 feet (487 m) comprising five spans. [17][18] The acquisition of a feasible AC motor gave Westinghouse a key patent for his system, but the financial strain of buying up patents and hiring the engineers needed to build it meant development of Tesla's motor had to be put on hold for a while. That required reduction gearing, but building reduction gearing that could operate at high rpm and at high power was difficult, since a slight misalignment would shake the power train to pieces. [34], George Westinghouse died on March 12, 1914, in New York City at age 67. Birthplace and Boyhood Home, "William Stanley – Engineering Hall of Fame", "Southwest Arizona Ghost Towns Harshaw, Mowry, Washington Camp, Duquesne, Lochiel", "Timeline | Articles and Essays | Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904 | Digital Collections | Library of Congress", Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Baldwin-Westinghouse electric locomotives, Electrification of the New York, New Haven, and Hartford Railroad, Westinghouse Aviation Gas Turbine Division, Presidents of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Westinghouse&oldid=992039527, Fellows of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Hall of Fame for Great Americans inductees, Businesspeople from Schenectady, New York, Military personnel from Schenectady, New York, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2020, Articles using NRISref without a reference number, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Westinghouse Air Brake Company (sometimes nicknamed or abbreviated WABCO although this was also confusingly used for spinoffs) was founded on September 28, 1869 by George Westinghouse in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 65, 1891. The Edison company, in collusion with Thomson-Houston, managed to arrange in 1890 that the first electric chair was powered with a Westinghouse AC generator, forcing Westinghouse to try to block this move by hiring the best lawyer of the day to (unsuccessfully) defend William Kemmler, the first man scheduled to die in the chair. [citation needed]. Steering Committees 3, 4; Senior 7\/f i lf)U FELIX NARVAEZ, North Babylon, Suffolk County, New York, United States, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, Lee, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States, Altadena, Los Angeles County, California, United States, Victoria, Capital, British Columbia, Canada, George Westinghouse Vo-Tech High School - 1948, Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers, 1836-1922, The Railroad and Engineering Journal, Vol. [24], In 1893, George Westinghouse won the bid to light the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago with alternating current, slightly underbidding General Electric to get the contract. George Westinghouse Jr. (October 6, 1846 – March 12, 1914) was an American entrepreneur and engineer based in Pennsylvania who created the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry, receiving his first patent at the age of 19. Father of George Thomas Westinghouse; Aubrey Harold Westinghouse; Agnes Sylvia Westinghouse; Violet Louisa Westinghouse; Richard Lawrence Westinghouse and 1 other; and Private « less. It is a failsafe system, in that any rupture or disconnection in the train pipe will apply the brakes throughout the train. George Westinghouse was an American entrepreneur and engineer, best remembered for inventing the railway air-brake system and the alternating current (AC) power supply. Managed by: αντιμόνιο: Last Updated: May 23, 2018 In April 1863 he persuaded his parents to allow him to re-enlist, whereupon he joined Company M of the 16th New York Cavalry and earned promotion to the rank of corporal. [citation needed], In 1869, at age 22, Westinghouse invented a railroad braking system using compressed air. In 1881 he founded the Union Switch and Signal Company to manufacture his signaling and switching inventions. The couple made their first home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This put Westinghouse's business in direct competition with Thomas Edison, who marketed direct current for electric power distribution. Westinghouse was born in Central Bridge, New York, in 1846, the eighth of ten children. [15], During this period Westinghouse continued to pour funds and engineering resources into the goal of building a completely integrated AC system, obtaining the Sawyer–Man lamp by buying Consolidated Electric Light, developing components such as an induction meter,[16] and obtaining the rights to inventor Nikola Tesla's brushless AC induction motor along with patents for a new type of electric power distribution, polyphase alternating current. Westinghouse Electric Company's AP1000, the first Generation III+ reactor to receive final design approval from the U.S. Westinghouse Farm Engine, a small, vertical boilered farm engine made by George Westinghouse from 1886 to 1917 NZR RM class Westinghouse railcar, an experimental and inaugural railcar built in New Zealand in 1914 It was a key event in the history of AC power, as Westinghouse demonstrated the safety, reliability, and efficiency of a fully integrated alternating current system to the American public. The War of Currents would end with financiers, such as J. P. Morgan, pushing Edison Electric towards AC and pushing out Thomas Edison. He lost interest in the curriculum and dropped out in his first term. ↑ This ended America's brief experiment with direct democracy, and took the states from self-government to centralized government under another new nation, called the United States of America. They were married for 47 years, and had one son, George Westinghouse III, who had six children. Élete. George Westinghouse Jr. (6 Oktober 1846 – 12 Maret 1914) dulunya adalah seorang pengusaha dan insinyur yang bertempat tinggal di Pennsylvania, Amerika Serikat.Westinghouse menciptakan rem udara kereta api dan merupakan pelopor pada industri listrik.Ia mendaftarkan paten pertamanya pada usia 19 tahun. The exhibit includes full-size reproductions of the Westinghouse robots “Electro” and his pal “Sparko,” and the original duplicate time capsule, which were on display at the New York World’s Fair in 1940. George Westinghouse and James V Quick, captain of the 'Busy.jpg 1,200 × 920; 105 KB George Westinghouse signature.jpg 400 × 83; 17 KB George Westinghouse, half-length portrait, facing front LCCN93511337.jpg 1,073 × 1,536; 121 KB George Westinghouse was one of the most prolific inventors and businessmen of the Industrial Revolution. He both created new technologies and refined existing ones. He even beat out Thomas Edison in the race to … George Westinghouse (Central Bridge, New York, 1846. október 6. The Westinghouse company installed 30 more AC-lighting systems within a year and by the end of 1887 it had 68 alternating current power stations to Edison's 121 DC-based stations. George Westinghouse facts (October 6, 1846 – March 12, 1914) was an American entrepreneur and engineer who invented the railway air brake and was a pioneer of the electrical industry, gaining his first patent at the age of 19 He helped make Pittsburgh one of America's industrial centers. It was patented by Westinghouse on October 28, 1873. The George Westinghouse Medal is named for George Westinghouse and awarded to in honor of "eminent achievement or distinguished service in the power field of mechanical engineering" by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.There is a Gold medal (with a $1400 award) and a Silver medal (with a $1000 award). Edison even suggested a Westinghouse AC generator be used in the State of New York's new electric chair. Returning home, After serving in the Union army during the American Civil War (1861-1865), Westinghouse began his lifelong career of invention. [13] This competition with Edison led in the late 1880s to what has been called the "war of currents" with Thomas Edison and his company joining in with a spreading public perception that the high voltages used in AC distribution were unsafe. 62, 1888, The Railroad and Engineering Journal, Vol. At the outset, the available generating sources were hydroturbines where falling water was available, and reciprocating steam engines where it was not. They were married for 47 years, and had one son, George Westinghouse III, who had six children. [6] The Westinghouse Air Brake Company (WABCO) was subsequently organized to manufacture and sell Westinghouse's invention. They had one child, George Westinghouse 3rd, and were married for 47 years. Westinghouse Electric was founded by George Westinghouse in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1886.The firm became active in developing electric infrastructure throughout the United States. [28] The early to mid-1890s saw General Electric, backed by financier J. P. Morgan, involved in costly takeover attempts and patent battles with Westinghouse Electric. With the introduction of the automobile after the turn of the century, Westinghouse went back to earlier inventions and devised a compressed air shock absorber for automobile suspensions. The plant supplied power to the Gold King Mine 3.5 miles away. This was the first successful demonstration of long-distance transmission of industrial-grade alternating current power and used two 100 hp Westinghouse alternators, one working as a generator producing 3000-volt, 133-Hertz, single-phase AC, and the other used as an AC motor. Also named in his honor, George Westinghouse Bridge is near the site of his Turtle Creek plant. The park land is the former estate of George Westinghouse, an American entrepreneur and engineer, and his wife Marguerite.With an area of about 10 acres, it was the site of his mansion known as Solitude. The memorial is located at the entrance to the Steven Faloon trail, a … In December 1864 he resigned from the Army to join the Navy, serving as Acting Third Assistant Engineer on the gunboat USS Muscoota through the end of the war. She had also been initially interred in Woodlawn and removed and reinterred at the same time as George. Thomson-Houston was expanding its business while trying to avoid patent conflicts with Westinghouse, arranging deals such as coming to agreements over lighting company territory, paying a royalty to use the Stanley transformer patent, and allowing Westinghouse to use their Sawyer–Man incandescent bulb patent. Its plaque reads: The George Westinghouse Jr. Westinghouse saw the potential of using alternating current for electric power distribution in the early 1880s and put all his resources into developing and marketing it. [4] He also devised the Westinghouse Farm Engine. George Westinghouse George Westinghouse (6. října 1846, Central Bridge, stát New York, USA – 12. března 1914, New York City) byl americký vynálezce a průmyslník, zakladatel společností Westinghouse Electric Corporation a Westinghouse Air Brake Company. In 2010, Westinghouse Digital stated on its LinkedIn page that it had ceased operations. Birthplace and Boyhood Home in Central Bridge, New York, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.[37]. The competition was so costly a patent-sharing agreement was signed between the two companies in 1896. At age 15 he ran away to join the Union army, but his parents made him come home.

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